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Crop rotation is a necessary measure in plant agrotechnology. If you really liked cabbage on this site, then wait 3-4 years. Strawberries, on the other hand, give a good result for three to four years, and after that their yield decreases and they must be transplanted to another place. Therefore, you need to carefully consider the crop rotation if you want to get a good harvest of fragrant and juicy berries. You need to know which plants can be the predecessors of the bushes of the representative of the Rosaceae family, and which crops are recommended to be planted after strawberries.
- What is crop rotation for?
- And what to plant after strawberries?
- Processing the soil after digging strawberries
- What crops can not be planted after strawberries
- Strawberry precursors
What is crop rotation for?
The importance of crop rotation is in the rational use of the land and the replenishment of its natural reserves by the soil. Different crops consume different nutrients from the fertile layer. Strawberries are demanding on organic matter and loose and fertilized soil.
There must be a sufficient amount of nitrogen, potassium and trace elements in the earth.
Each type of plant has its own requirements for the looseness of the arable layer, density, structure and structure. Also, the reason for the necessary crop rotation is considered to be the unequal attitude of cultivated plants to weeds and to diseases and pests. If strawberries have their own pests, then carrots are completely different.
And what to plant after strawberries?
Strawberries have a deep root system, therefore, in accordance with the general principles of crop rotation, it is better to plant plants with a shallow root system. It is necessary to take into account the fact that when a plant is damaged by any diseases, after it, crops that are resistant to these diseases must be planted.
Another important point is that to replenish the nutrient soil, it is recommended to plant crops with fruits on branches, for example, legumes or cucumbers, after root crops.
Therefore, when deciding what to plant after strawberries, gardeners usually choose root crops or legumes. For example, having dug up strawberry bushes, they dig up the ground, and next year in the spring they plant cucumbers, pumpkin or zucchini, another year later - onions or radishes with turnips. It is noteworthy that legumes enrich the soil with nitrogen, therefore, after peas, lentils, beans, garlic and onions, you can already plant any crops, for example, cabbage, which is demanding on the nitrogen content in the soil.
Processing the soil after digging strawberries
After digging up old strawberry bushes, be sure to burn them in order to destroy pests and diseases that the plant is sick with, and to prevent the spread of the infection to other crops.
It is also important to remove all weeds thoroughly. Since the root system of strawberries is quite powerful, it is not possible to completely remove weeds such as horsetail and wheatgrass during plant growth and fruiting. Therefore, after digging out the bushes, these weeds must be carefully removed. To do this, dig up the ground with two bayonets, add half-matured manure and humus.
What crops can not be planted after strawberries
There are not many crops in the Rosaceae family, which include strawberries in ordinary gardens. These include raspberries, hawthorns, mountain ash, cloudberries, rose hips. Therefore, there are a number of crops that should not be planted after strawberries or strawberries. These include raspberries, also of the Rosaceae family. For this reason, plants have many common pests, diseases and viruses. They are equally demanding on the soil, which should be fertile, saturated with organic matter.
When planting strawberries, gardeners look out for a place for planting bushes of fragrant berries. Parsley, spinach, radishes, radishes, turnips, dill, peas, beans, beans, carrots, turnips, corn and even flowers such as tulips, daffodils and hyacinths can grow in front of strawberries. Agronomists advise that if you like a place for strawberries, then plant it there in six years, not earlier.
Fruitful strawberries are best grown after black fallow or cereal planting. Improvement of the soil with the help of special plants - green manure.
The most famous green manure crops:
- oil radish
These plants are considered organic fertilizers because once grown, they remain in the ground after being dug. You do not need to grow strawberries after members of the nightshade family - tomatoes or potatoes.
When planting strawberries, take care of their natural defenses. Plant nearby plants in the aisles that will protect you from diseases and pests. Parsley and garlic can be such helpers. Parsley will protect strawberry plants from diseases, and parsley will scare away slugs from fragrant berries.