Garden

Jasmine by night - Solanum jasminoides


Generalitа


Solanum jasminoides is a beautiful evergreen climber, also known as jasmine at night originating in southern America; it has dark green foliage, shiny and slightly leathery, lanceolate; from April to May to winter colds it produces small white flowers, star-shaped, gathered in bunches at the apexes of flexible branches. In areas with harsh winters, during the winter it almost completely loses its foliage, which it starts producing again in the early spring heats.
It is a versatile plant, which can reach 2-3 meters in height over time, even if it does not develop very quickly and is therefore also suitable for cultivation in pots; the twining stems tend to twist around the supports, so to develop it needs a trellis or a railing; if left in a hanging basket or on the edge of the terrace, it becomes a hanging plant, throwing its beautiful bloom into the void.
It is not a plant of difficult cultivation, and it is very versatile, we can grow it in the garden or in pots on the terrace, even among the geraniums if desired.
Evergreen climbing shrub, native to South America, which reaches 4-5 m in height. It has semi-woody, prostrate or climbing stems, which need support to develop better; the leaves are oval or lanceolate, dark green, glossy. From April to September it produces numerous white-blue or white-pink flowers, gathered in bunches; the "Album" variety produces candid white flowers. It is advisable to periodically fix the branches to a grating or to wall supports, and to shorten them by about a third before flowering, at the end of winter, to favor a more abundant flower production and to maintain a denser and more compact vegetation .

Exposure



The jasmine at night place it in a sunny, or partially shady place; these plants fear temperatures below -3 ° C, so they should be placed in a place sheltered from frost, or covered with tnt in the cold months of the year. In general i solanum jasminoides can easily withstand wind and salt, so they are suitable for shading pergolas in the hottest regions of Italy.

Watering



from March to September regularly water the jasmine at night, letting the soil dry well between one watering and another; every 10-15 days, provide fertilizer for flowering plants mixed with the water used for watering.

Ground



solanums prefer soft, light, well-drained, fairly rich in organic material soils. To allow an adequate development to the plant of jasmine at night it is good to place it in the ground, or in a large vase, which must be changed every 2-3 years.

Multiplication


in summer and early spring it is possible to practice cuttings, taking the apical part of the branches not yet lignified.

Pests and diseases



As for the diseases and parasites that can attack the solanum, you will have to pay attention to aphids and mites that can cause problems with jasmine plants at night.
In the event of an infestation it will be necessary to carry out a treatment with a specific insecticide product or with a natural nettle or garlic and water based preparation. Products to combat aphids and mites can be found in garden centers and nursery sales centers. At the time of purchase, ask your dealer about the dosage and methods of use of the product you purchased to get to know the application method and its methods well.

Grow the solanum jasminoides


As needs, this solanum behaves like a Mediterranean plant: it needs a good dose of sun, it does not fear drought, it does not like the excesses of watering.
So let's position it in a very bright and sunny place, with a trellis on which it can develop freely, in a vase or in the ground; as with all climbing plants, the root system is often a mirror of the external development of the plant, so if we place a solanum in a small vase, it is unlikely that it will develop to cover a large wall.
From April to the autumn cold, we water only when the ground is well dry; It is better to water once less, rather than leaving the soil soaked with water. If desired, we sporadically add fertilizer for flowering plants to the water used for watering.
The solanums are not particularly demanding even with regard to the growing medium, as long as it is a very well drained soil, so remember to add sand, lapillus, pumice stone or other incoherent material to the soil, which allows water to flow freely from the roots of the plant.
These solanums originate from Brazil, where they enjoy a mild climate all year round; in fact they fear the cold quite, and in areas with a very cold winter climate, less than 2-3 ° C, it is necessary to cover them with non-woven fabric, or cultivate them in pots and move them to a cold greenhouse, or to the shelter of the terrace.
Occasionally the plant can withstand sporadic and short frosts, which in any case tend to destroy the aerial part: new shoots will sprout from the roots when spring arrives.
Generally the development of these plants is quite dense and compact; if they receive little light they tend to "spin", that is to lengthen, losing the vegetation in the lower part. We place the plant in the right lighting, and after flowering we slightly check the outermost branches. Generally it is not necessary to practice drastic pruning, unless the plant has been severely damaged by winter weather.

Jasmine by night - Solanum jasminoides: Flowering



The candida de solanum flowering makes it a plant that goes well with any other. If desired we can also approach it to other creepers, such as jasmine or trachelospermum, so that its continuous flowering revives the foliage of the other plants, which in summer bloom only sporadically.
We can grow it in pots, as a hanging plant, among geraniums, petunias, bright colored verbenas.
We can approach it with other solanums, for example with lilac flowering shrub solanums.
The important thing is to guarantee the plant with the right amount of sun and sporadic watering.