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Maple is one of the most common trees in the world. It has been growing as a tree or as a shrub for three hundred years.
There are more than 150 species of this culture, one of them is small-leaved maple. Let's take a closer look.
- Small-leaved maple - description of the plant and photo
- Planting and leaving
- Diseases and pests, how to deal with them
- Where to buy maple acer mono
- The use of small-leaved maple in traditional medicine
Small-leaved maple - description of the plant and photo
The homeland of the plant is Korea, China and the Far East.
The approximate height of the tree is about 15 meters, some varieties reach 18 meters. The crown is spreading, wide. The bark is gray in an adult plant, and yellow in a young one. The buds are slightly flattened, black or brown.
The foliage is dense, the leaf can have up to 7 lobes, the surface is smooth, the color is dark green. In the autumn, the foliage changes its color to a red and yellow tint. Small-leaved maple leaves differ from other species in their size, they are several times smaller.
Inflorescences are small, from 15 to 30 yellow flowers are collected in one basket. They have a pleasant, subtle scent. Flowering lasts a little over a week.
The variety is frost-resistant, not afraid of windy weather, sun, shade-tolerant.
The downside is slow growth, especially in the first few years. The first flowers can appear 11 years after planting.
It is used as a single plant in forest parks, and for group, alley plantings. These trees help to reduce the noise of the city, and are great for creating an interesting landscape park.
Let's watch a beautiful video about small-leaved maple:
Planting and leaving
Planting should be carried out in the autumn or spring. There should be a distance of 2 to 3 meters between each tree. If you need to make a hedge out of maple, then the maximum distance is 2 meters between each seedling.
- It is important to pre-soak maple roots in water for a couple of hours before planting in the ground.
- Prepare the pit. The depth of the hole is half a meter. It is necessary to add a nutritious supplement to the planting pit, for example, nitroammofosk (no more than 150 grams).
- Plant the seedling in the hole so that the root collar matches the soil level. It should be borne in mind that after a while the earth will settle, so you can raise the seedling by 10-20 cm.
- Cover the roots with soil and mulch with peat, about three to five centimeters. As a soil, you can use ordinary garden soil or purchase a special soil for this variety.
Water each tree, each plant will need up to 30 liters.
If during the planting period the land was not fertilized with mineral or other means, then fertilizing must be introduced the next year, in the spring.
The tree often does not require much maintenance and grows on its own.
However, in order to achieve a decorative look and a rich color of foliage, it is worth carrying out the following manipulations:
- Pruning. A haircut is carried out every year in winter. If you skip one year, then the crown will thicken too much and grow, because of which the branches will begin to break from their own weight. Initially, dry branches are cut, diseased, damaged by frost or insects. You can also trim weak or misplaced branches. At the very end, the top of the tree is sheared, the necessary shape is created. It is worth considering that the more the crown is cut, the thicker it will become next year.
- Lighting. Maple loves the sun, so you need to take care that a lot of shade does not fall on a shrub or tree. Due to the lack of lighting and ultraviolet radiation, the foliage will begin to fade and lose its rich color. Lack of light also leads to poor flowering.
- Watering. The tree needs abundant and regular watering. In the cool season, the plant needs a one-time monthly watering, one maple will take up to twenty liters of water. During dry periods, watering is carried out weekly.
Top dressing can be carried out periodically. One square meter uses 100 grams of fertilizer.
Weeding and loosening the soil. This procedure allows you to get rid of the overgrowth and will not allow the soil to clog near the roots.
This approach will extend the life of the plant and keep it attractive.
Let's watch a video about growing maple from seeds:
Diseases and pests, how to deal with them
From the entire list of diseases, maple is dangerous:
- coral spotting;
- powdery mildew;
- brown rot.
To avoid diseases, trees are periodically treated with special means. For example, the affected and dead branches must be cut off, and garden varnish and medicinal putty should be applied to the removal sites.
Maple pests are:
- Mealybug. The insect does not attack the tree if the trunk and leaves are treated with nitrafen at the beginning of March.
- Whitefly. When insect larvae appear, they can be removed with ammophos. Infected leaves and branches must be burned.
- Leaf weevil. You can get rid of it by processing chlorophos.
- Aphid. Leads to leaf curling and death. Aphid attacks can be avoided thanks to dimethoate. The treatment is carried out by spraying.
Timely prevention will protect the tree from diseases and insect attacks.
Where to buy maple acer mono
You can buy good seedlings in a gardening nursery or order through online stores.
You need to make sure that the site is official, and then use the catalog to find out about the quality and properties of the goods.
Thanks to the consultants, you can get all the information of interest.
The use of small-leaved maple in traditional medicine
In alternative medicine, medicinal honey, infusion, juice, decoction and syrup are made from maple.
The juice is used for cardiac pathologies, during viral diseases, with vitamin deficiency. It has a good diuretic and choleretic effect.
Infusions and decoctions have a positive effect on the performance of the gastrointestinal tract, improve blood circulation, restore the work of joints and muscles. They act as sedatives, lower blood pressure.
Before use, a specialist consultation is required.
So, small-leaved maple can decorate any landscape, if you follow all the recommendations for care. Timely prevention will protect the plant from possible damage and disease.