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A greenhouse is an analogue of a greenhouse, or not, the features of its structure, the history of its origin

A greenhouse is an analogue of a greenhouse, or not, the features of its structure, the history of its origin


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Many people believe that a greenhouse is an analogue of a greenhouse, or a synonym for a winter garden, yes or no, how true these statements are - we will consider in this article. Despite the similarity, these structures are fundamentally different and should not be confused.

Content:

  • Greenhouse - what is it
  • Where and when did the first greenhouses appear
  • How they work, types of greenhouses
  • Why are they used
  • Greenhouse and greenhouse: what is the difference

Greenhouse - what is it

Since this building is often confused with a winter garden, it is worth noting that their main difference is their location. So, if the garden is an extension that adjoins the house, then the greenhouse is represented by a separate building.

This building is equipped with heating, closed from external factors, has an artificial ecosystem - ideal for keeping exotic plants.

Another feature of this structure is the fact that mostly rather capricious plants are grown here, which require a special balance of temperature, light and humidity.

Due to the annually maintained microclimate with a temperature in the range of 18-28 ° C, stable humidity and lighting, this building is often called a tropical corner.

Where and when did the first greenhouses appear

For the first time, greenhouses appeared in the second half of the 16th century in France. The first such structure was built in 1599 in Leiden, then in Amsterdam and Paris. Initially, these buildings were intended to preserve heat-loving fruit trees in winter.

Later, this building was used for the cultivation of citrus fruits and other exotic plants. Thanks to this, even in winter, aristocrats could afford to enjoy the fragrance of rare flowers and the taste of exotic fruits.

How they work, types of greenhouses

Like any other structure, it has a number of differences in arrangement.

These differences include:

  • Roofing - glass or polycarbonate;
  • Sheathing - completely transparent, often glass, which ensures uniform light diffusion;
  • Lighting - when choosing lamps, it is important that when they emit light, they do not emit heat and serve only as an additional source of lighting to the natural source of lighting;
  • Basis - insulated foundation with drainage and heating with an aluminum or wooden supporting structure;
  • Layout - a rectangular one with a gable roof is considered classic;
  • Placement - it is recommended to give preference to well-lit, tree-free places;
  • Ventilation and irrigation system for microclimate stabilization;
  • The heating system depends on the financial or technical aspect - gas, solid fuel, electric.

In addition to the characteristic features of the structure, different types are distinguished by temperature. So at temperatures from 1 to 8 ° С - cold, from 8 to 22 ° С - semi-warm and from 22 to 28 ° С - warm.

Different types are used to grow different plants. So when selecting specimens, it is important to take into account the conditions of their growth in the wild, in order to determine the most comfortable temperature.

Let's watch a video about a greenhouse in Singapore, it's just a miracle:

Why are they used

Since this is a very special type of building, it must have its own special purpose.

This is how the building is often used for:

  • Breeding of exotic and thermophilic flowers and trees;
  • Growing plants that have a long growing season and in the open ground of the middle lane cannot mature;
  • Rest of the owners - however, it is important to consider that this is not a winter garden and rest here is reduced to contemplation and walks, but in no way a long-term pastime.

Since, in the main, this building is assigned an aesthetic rather than practical role, special attention is paid to the beauty of the arrangement of this structure. Thanks to the combination of bright and exotic plants, their interesting placement on shelves, shelves, bookcases and pots, the greenhouse becomes a real gem and a source of pride for the gardener.

Let's watch a beautiful video about a house with a winter garden, which the host is mistakenly called a greenhouse:

Greenhouse and greenhouse: what is the difference

Despite the fact that these buildings are somewhat similar, they differ in some nuances.

These include:

  • Purpose - the greenhouse is used for the constant cultivation of exotic plants without their subsequent transfer to open ground. The greenhouse is used for growing seedlings, greenery, forcing flowers with their subsequent transplantation;
  • Materials - conditionally, a greenhouse can be called a budget version of a greenhouse, since it is built from less noble materials. So the greenhouse may well be covered with polyethylene, which is completely unacceptable for the greenhouse and the plants that are grown in this building;
  • Temperature - Greenhouses are characterized by a constant high temperature, which is necessary to activate the growth of greenery or seedlings. At the same time, a greenhouse can be called a cold greenhouse, because in some cases, the temperature in it can drop to 8 ° C. The latter is possible for cold types and associated vegetation.

One of the main features of the greenhouse is the fact that in this structure, a special microcosm is created around each plant. In this case, the impact of each plant on others is taken into account and, depending on this impact, the arrangement of the specimens takes place. This is not necessary in a greenhouse.

The most striking example of the difference between these structures is the plants that are grown in them. So exotic and thermophilic plants are grown in the greenhouse, and greens and vegetables are grown in the greenhouse for subsequent planting in open ground.

Such a concept as "greenhouse" was heard by everyone, however, that this structure is not known by everyone. Despite the similarity with a greenhouse and a winter garden, these are different buildings and should not be confused.


Watch the video: How to start a Container Garden from Seed Easy! STEP by STEP grow vegetables plant organic (May 2022).


Comments:

  1. Jermane

    And like him to understand

  2. Teoxihuitl

    This information is accurate

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  5. Darg

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