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Climbing varieties of roses are the best option for creating landscaping. Many people decorate their garden with such plants.
Each species has its own characteristics. In this article, we will look at the climber rose variety - what it is, and learn how to care for them.
- Claymber rose variety, what is it, description
- Flowering climbing rose
- Claymber rose varieties: polka, coral sunset, picnic, golden and others
- Where to buy climber roses
- Where and how to plant correctly
- Care rules
- Top dressing
- How and when to prune
- Bush propagation
- Pests and diseases
- What to choose for a garden: a climber rose or a rambler, what are their differences
Claymber rose variety, what is it, description
Rosa climber is a branchy plant, the English word climb is translated "to climb". This species was created by crossing a tea rose with a curly rose and floribundas.
They took only the advantages of these plants, and a very beautiful rose was obtained.
Characteristics and features of plants:
- The flowers are large and vary in color.
- Tall stem, can grow up to four to six meters. The stem is straight, does not bend due to rigidity.
- Leaves are glossy, green.
- Bushes grow slowly, but the result is a powerful, branched shrub.
- The variety is considered frost-resistant.
- Mainly used for vertical gardening or landscaping.
- It is susceptible to attacks by pests and various plant diseases.
- The main feature of this rose is that it blooms several times during the year.
Flowering climbing rose
This bush, unlike other climbing roses, blooms profusely from the first years of life. Buds are formed on all shoots.
Flowers are very fragrant, large, collected in inflorescences from 4 to 10 pieces. The buds bloom several times per season.
Inflorescences are formed, both on old and young shoots. The first flowers appear in July, the second bloom begins in early September.
However, not all climbers have the same flowering period, so before buying a seedling, you need to clarify this issue.
Flowering directly depends on the care and pruning of the bush.
Claymber roses polka, coral sunset, picnic, golden and others
There are a lot of varieties of climber roses, here are some of them.
|Polka variety||The bush is low, not very remarkable in appearance. However, during the flowering period, the plant is literally covered with apricot-colored double flowers. The size of the bud is twelve centimeters. A feature is that the bush blooms three times per season. The flowers are fragrant. The disadvantage is the fear of frost, if the plant is not wrapped in late autumn, it will die.|
|Golden variety||This rose was bred in 1933. The stem height reaches three meters. The flowers are yellow, six to seven centimeters in diameter. The plant is resistant to disease and severe frost.|
|Coral sunset variety||The variety is considered to be slightly spreading. Needs landing on an area where there is a lot of sun. The flowers are in the form of a ball, very dense (at least 40 petals on one bud), the diameter is 9 cm. The inflorescences are pink and coral in color. Leaves are glossy, dark green. There are thorns. The species is winter-hardy.|
|Dukat variety||It blooms several times per season, but has few inflorescences. Flowers have a very pleasant, but weak scent. It is important to land in the month of April. This species is quite whimsical, does not like rain, frost and is often sick.|
|Don Juan variety||Up to five scarlet buds grow on one stem. The diameter of one flower reaches ten centimeters. This species is not afraid of precipitation. In summer and autumn, inflorescences develop continuously and have a strong aroma.|
As you can see, each variety has its own individual characteristics, so before planting, you need to familiarize yourself with their characteristics.
Where to buy climber roses
You can buy quality seedlings in specialized flower shops or an online store. It is better not to buy flowers in the markets, as they take root worse and are improperly processed.
It is important to test the stem and root for vitality before purchasing.
It is important to pay attention to the following nuances:
- The shoot should be uniform, green, young. There should be no spots.
- The root must be well developed.
- The leaves are large, green.
Before buying in an online store, you can ask a consultant about all the intricacies. For safe transportation, the plant must be placed in a special hydrogel.
Where and how to plant correctly
It is important to follow some rules:
- Climbers need lighting, so planting should be done in an area where there is a lot of sunlight.
- It is important that the groundwater is at least two meters deep.
The height and width of the hole is half a meter. If the soil is not suitable for growing this crop, dig a hole up to a meter and change the soil.
If there is clay soil on the site, a 20-centimeter drainage layer should be poured onto the bottom of the hole. With sandy soil, clay soil is used as drainage, a layer of ten centimeters is poured.
During planting, the root system must be carefully covered with earth and then with humus. Now it is watered abundantly, when the soil sits down, the soil is filled up.
The land near the bush is mulched, for this you can use: leaf humus, wood chips, peat, seeds, buckwheat husks. This helps to retain moisture and interferes with weed growth.
If there is a gazebo or a fence nearby, then the flower should be planted at a distance of half a meter from the structures.
Following these guidelines will help the plant grow properly and remain presentable.
To provide qualified care for a plant, you must follow these rules:
- Watering. It is important that the ground is neither dry nor excessively wet.
- Lighting. If there is a lack of light, a fungus will begin to form on the bush, this will negatively affect flowering. The area should be warm, but protected from drafts.
- Carry out therapeutic and prophylactic treatment against insects and diseases.
- Perform feeding.
- Periodically loosen the soil and remove weeds.
- Pruning and shaping the bush.
We offer you to watch an interesting video about what climber roses are and what kind of care they require:
Compliance with these recommendations will allow the plant to bloom for a long time and beautifully. Let's take a closer look at each step.
Young seedlings in the first year after planting need regular and frequent watering, in the summer and autumn. In other cases, the rose requires rare watering, but it needs to be poured for a long time until the soil is wet to the depth.
Drip irrigation is considered ideal, it does not clog the soil and helps to maintain moisture for a long time. After watering, it is imperative to loosen the ground.
Since the soil is fertilized when planting a seedling, fertilizing is not carried out in the first year.
In the second or third year, fertilizer should be applied up to five times during the growing season. Separately, foliar and root dressings can be carried out using ash and organic substances.
You can also use as fertilizer:
Do not overdo it, as an excessive amount of fertilizer lowers frost resistance.
How and when to prune
Pruning is done in order to keep only young and strong branches on the bush. Too long lashes need to be pruned, especially if the flower grows near the fence.
The main pruning should be done in the spring. It is necessary to cut off all areas that have frozen during cold weather or dried out. Further, the tips of the branched branches are trimmed until a few buds remain.
In the summer, some pruning is also done. All faded flowers must be removed. Thanks to this, the bush will not waste its energy on seed formation, but will bloom again, releasing new inflorescences.
You should also shorten the side shoots, and keep the long ones. To carry out the manipulation, you will need a sharp knife.
It is impossible to cut the climber excessively, in which case it will not be able to overwinter or will not give inflorescences. Full pruning is recommended, only in case of frostbite bush.
For more information about the rules for pruning roses, see the video:
Reproduction is carried out in several ways:
Cutting is the most effective way. Reproduction by this method is carried out in autumn or spring. A small stalk is cut off, which is placed in boiled water and transplanted into the ground. Subsequently, the shoot will release its own roots and begin to grow.
For reproduction by layering, you need to take an shoot located near the root system. It should not be cut off, but at the beginning of spring, press it to the soil and bury it with earth.
If the cuttings take root of their own, then at the end of summer it can be cut off from the main bush, and if there are no roots, then it will be possible to separate it next year.
It is recommended to use only one cut per year, as the mother root becomes weaker and the plant may suffer.
Pests and diseases
Unfortunately, the flower is susceptible to insect attack, and without preventive procedures it often gets sick.
The most common diseases for a climber are:
- gray rot;
- black spot;
- powdery mildew;
- bacterial cancer.
For treatment, only the removal of infected areas is used. Chemicals are used only when urgently needed.
Such insects are considered partial to the plant:
- spider mite;
To get rid of pests, a special solution is used, which can be purchased at flower shops. Among folk remedies, decoctions based on yarrow and wormwood, or soap and tobacco, are effective.
What to choose for a garden: a climber rose or a rambler, what are their differences
Young gardeners believe that branchy roses differ only in shape and color, but this is not so.
Consider the differences between a rambler rose and a climber, for clarity, we will use the table.
|Have a soft, elastic stem that grows very quickly||Have a tough, thick stem that grows slowly|
|Depending on the variety, the shoot can reach a height of more than ten meters.||Maximum height - 6 meters|
|Roses are used to decorate large fences, arches or gazebos, they need supports||Bushes do not need supports. Such a plant should not be used to decorate arches, since the branches are very difficult to tie up in order to give the desired shape.|
|Flowers are small, no more than 4 cm in diameter.Buds are semi-double, simple||Flowers are large, up to 10 cm, mostly double|
|Flowering once, the bush blooms in June, flowering lasts 14 days||Bloom all summer, re-bloom|
|Are afraid of frost||Many varieties are frost-resistant|
|Prefer to grow in the shade||Only grow on the sunny side|
So, the climber is a very beautiful variety of the climbing rose.
The plant has its own characteristics, because of its attractive appearance, it is very popular among flower growers.
If you follow the care recommendations and carry out prophylaxis in a timely manner, then there will be no problems.