The cultivation of any plant, from the moment it enters the house, should begin with a transplant. Therefore, before proceeding with the transplant, it is recommended to study the rules.
- How to transplant indoor flowers at home when a transplant is required
- Correct transplant of indoor flowers: which pot to choose
- Transplanting indoor plants, which substrate is better to use
- How indoor flowers are handled
- How to transplant a store flower
- How to transplant flowers with drainage
How to transplant indoor flowers at home when a transplant is required
As any plant grows, its volume and root system increase. The latter is important to take into account and from time to time transplant the flower into a new container, otherwise there is a danger that growth will slow down.
A direct signal for transplanting is the germination of roots through the drainage holes. In this case, a transplant is simply necessary.
In addition, it is recommended to make a transplant when:
- Damage to a green pet by pests or diseases;
- Lack of micronutrients and macronutrients.
When transplanting, it is important to take into account not only the state of the green pet, but also the season, the individual properties of the variety. So the transplant is best done in the spring, during the period of increased growth, but before the formation of buds.
In addition, it is worth considering such features as:
- Refers to annuals or perennials. The latter are recommended to be transplanted no more than once a year or even several. Succulents can easily grow in one container for up to six years;
- Before transplanting, it is important to familiarize yourself with the lunar calendar: it is not recommended to make it on the full moon, but the growing moon has a beneficial effect on growth. A landing made on days when the moon is in the signs of Cancer, Taurus or Pisces gives a particularly good result.
Before proceeding with the transplant, it is necessary to prepare a new container, which should exceed the previous one in diameter by no more than a few centimeters.
Before direct planting, the pot must be scalded with boiling water, after which:
- Place a drainage layer of expanded clay or fine gravel at its bottom;
- Cover the drainage with a substrate, which must necessarily correspond to the plant's needs for nutrients, the level of acidity. The soil must be permeable to air and moisture.
It is possible to determine whether it is necessary to transplant it into a new container as its root grows. When moving to a new habitat, it is important to follow some rules, otherwise the flower may suffer.
You can learn more about transplanting indoor plants by watching the video:
Correct transplant of indoor flowers: which pot to choose
The first thing to consider when choosing a container is size. You should not radically change a tiny pot for a huge analog of a bucket, the difference between the previous and the next pot should not exceed four centimeters.
When choosing, it is recommended not to forget that drainage is important for any specimen, so pots without holes in the bottom will not work. When the water stagnates, the roots rot, which leads to the death of the entire plant.
The most optimal material for a pot is clay - it is an environmentally friendly material with a porous structure, which is most suitable for your beloved green pet. However, nowadays, most people prefer plastic.
It is convenient, durable and inexpensive; if necessary, such containers are easy to deform and even cut.
When choosing a new home for your green pet, it is recommended to pay special attention to several details: the size and the presence of drainage holes.
These two factors must necessarily meet the requirements.
Transplanting indoor plants, which substrate is better to use
Some believe that garden soil is quite suitable for transplanting, others are firmly convinced that the best option would be to purchase a ready-made substrate, both sides are floundering.
The garden soil is not always enriched with all the necessary nutrients and in the pot it often hardens after the first watering. Ready-made substrates, on the other hand, do not consist of soil, but of peat mixtures, which are unstable, dry quickly, and after drying out poorly absorb water, which is not good for all colors.
In addition, fertilizers in such mixtures penetrate the root faster, but are also washed out faster, putting the green pet at risk of an excess or, on the contrary, a lack of nutrients.
The only ready-made mixture that does not have such unpleasant properties is the one that contains vermicompost. But such mixtures differ more in price and are not found in all stores.
However, you shouldn't get upset ahead of time, you don't have to spend money and time looking for the right composition.
You can make the substrate yourself, for this you need to prepare:
- Sod soil - has a porous structure. It is recommended to remove a layer of soil up to 20 cm deep, grind thoroughly and sift through a sieve. Throw away the roots and foxes, the resulting sod soil can be used;
- Deciduous soil - characterized by looseness and a large amount of nutrients. For harvesting in a place where the leaves have not been removed for several years, remove the top layer of foliage and dig up the soil to a depth of 15 cm, you need it;
- Humus soil - has a light and loose structure, is also rich in useful elements, is a product of rotting manure;
- Sand - lacustrine or coarse-grained river sand is best.
To create an optimal potting mix, it is recommended to prepare the substrate according to some rules.
So, depending on the needs of the species, the substrates also differ:
- For trees, dracaena and large flowers, a heavy mixture of a third of turf soil, one leafy soil and one sand is suitable;
- For small shrubs, spathiphyllums and other representatives of the average root system, an average mixture of sand, twice its volume, turfy and twice as large as humus or deciduous, is suitable;
- For herbaceous species and flowers with a delicate root system, a light mixture of turf soil and sand, taken in one part and three parts of humus, is suitable.
Self-prepared substrate is not only much more suitable for green pets, but is guaranteed to be of different quality. In addition, self-harvesting will require the gardener to waste time, not money.
How indoor flowers are handled
First of all, it is recommended to prepare in advance a new container and a ready-made substrate.
After that, you need to take into account a number of simple rules:
- A few days before moving, the soil must be moistened so that the earthen lump does not disintegrate during transportation;
- To remove a lump from an old pot, you need to gently knock on its walls to begin with and draw a knife over them, separating the substrate from the walls;
- Carefully pull out, tilting the pot slightly, do not pull on the stem or leaves itself, so as not to damage them;
- Examine the roots carefully for pests, signs of rot, or disease. It is recommended to remove damaged roots; if pests are found, a complete replacement of the substrate is necessary;
- At the bottom of the new container, lay out a drainage layer, sprinkle it with a layer of new substrate and place an earthen lump on top of it, filling the distance between the walls and the lump with a new substrate;
- After handling, place the pot in a shaded area for a few days;
- You can water young specimens the next day after transshipment, adults on the third.
It is important to understand that some representatives of the flora can be moved to a new place of residence solely by transshipment. Cypresses, dracaena, palms, cicasas and fatsias do not tolerate normal transplantation very well.
In especially severe cases, they may even die due to minor mechanical damage to the root.
The transshipment method compares favorably with the usual transplant in a number of features, but the main thing is the fact that when transferred with an earthy ball, the root is not damaged. At the same time, a green pet can calmly receive useful substances from a new substrate, the old one will not become a hindrance.
In addition, the transshipment does not stress the green pet, however, only if it is done correctly without damaging the roots, which can significantly harm any plant.
It is important to take into account that transshipment is recommended a little more often than transplanting, since there is no complete renewal of the substrate. However, this does not mean that the flower, for some reason, does not receive useful elements.
The safety of transshipment is also demonstrated by the fact that it can be carried out even during the budding period, without harm to the green pet.
How to transplant a store flower
Beautiful and neat plants that enter the homes of amateurs from the shelves of flower shops may soon begin to wilt. This is due to the fact that plants come to stores with "transport" soil - peat, enriched with nutrients.
Such a substrate is not suitable for long-term cultivation, therefore it is recommended to change it immediately after purchase.
When transplanting, it is important to carefully study the root, since often from stores or nurseries, unpleasant guests such as thrips, woodlice or even simple ants can get on the windowsill to amateurs. If this is not done, there is a danger of the spread of harmful insects throughout the apartment greenhouse.
But don't panic if you find a problem. You can solve it with immediate quarantine, soapy water or special preparations.
In this case, the transshipment method should be postponed. In order to transplant the plant correctly, it is necessary to prepare in advance the soil mixture, expanded clay for drainage, scissors and a container.
When making a transplant, it is recommended to adhere to a number of rules:
- Carefully remove the flower from the store container and just as carefully clean the roots from the soil;
- At the end of cleaning, gently dip it into a container of warm water and rinse off the remaining soil. In this case, it is important not to hurt healthy roots, but you can remove those damaged by rot or dry ones;
- For prevention purposes, it is worth placing the roots in a fungicide solution for half an hour. This will help to protect the new pet and decontaminate if it has already been damaged;
- Before transferring the plant to a new container, place a layer of expanded clay on the bottom and cover it with a small layer of potting soil;
- Holding the flower gently, place it in the center of the pot and spread out the roots. Sprinkle soil over them slowly, trampling down gently. At the same time, it is important not to overdo it, so as not to harm;
- Do not cover the soil above the level of the root collar, but keep in mind that bare roots outside the soil should not remain;
- Watering the transplanted specimen, if its root is absolutely healthy and does not bear traces of damage by rot, can be done immediately. However, if in the process of transferring to a new place of residence it was necessary to cut out part of the damaged roots, watering can be done only after a few days, during which you can only spray the foliage with water.
When transferring purchased plants to a new pot, it is important to take into account some features, but there are not so many of them that even an inexperienced gardener is confused.
It is also important to consider that feeding can be done in the second month after transplantation, and if you have purchased a new pet with flowers, wait until the flowering comes to an end, or manually remove the buds.
How to transplant flowers with drainage
Drainage is an important point in planting any plant. Placed on the bottom of the pot to increase water permeability. It is recommended to use expanded clay or gravel for drainage, if fine gravel or other small stones are not quite suitable at hand.
The thickness of the drainage layer for small containers should not exceed a centimeter, and for large - five.
On top of the bottom layer is a potting mix suitable for your particular crop. It is important to take into account that heavy mixtures can be fatal for lung lovers, therefore it is not recommended to forget about this when making a mixture.
Ultimately, the ground level should not be higher than or even with the edge of the pot. In this case, water will flow over the edges and drain into the sump, without having time to penetrate into the depth and moisten the root.
The structure of the soil affects the process of plant development. So the loose structure promotes the activation of growth, and the dense structure promotes the formation of buds.
The drainage layer at the bottom of the tank increases the water and air permeability of the soil, prevents root decay and subsequent death of the plant. Therefore, a layer of fine gravel or expanded clay is an important element in the transplant.
It is quite simple to transplant a plant into a new container at home, but it is important to take into account a number of nuances, which include the selection of a container, a soil mixture, and even caution when transferring from one pot to another.
However, with the correct transplantation, the flower will receive minimal stress and you will not have to wait long for the first flowering or abundant branching.
We offer you to watch an interesting video about when and how to transplant indoor flowers: