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Everyone knows what ginger root is, it is available in every supermarket. It is used as a seasoning, used to treat colds.
But true lovers of exotic plants often try to grow this plant on their own. To admire the original bright colors, it is important to know how to plant ginger at home and how to properly care for it.
- How to plant ginger at home if the root has sprouted
- How to grow ginger on a windowsill: care rules
- How ginger blooms at home
- Growing ginger in the open field from a tuber
How to plant ginger at home if the root has sprouted
Before you start planting a sprouted root, it is recommended to carefully cut it. At the same time, at least one germinated bud should leave for each half of the rhizome, otherwise it will not germinate.
In order to awaken them, you can place the acquired root in a moist, warm place for several days. This will significantly speed up germination.
For direct planting, it is recommended to pick up a low, wide pot. A mixture of deciduous humus, sand and humus, mixed in equal proportions, is ideal as a substrate.
When planting, it is important to place the root with the sprout up, while not deeper than a few centimeters, since the plant tends to grow in width. There must be a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.
After the ginger is planted, it remains only to wait for the first shoots to appear. To speed up the growth process, it is recommended to keep the soil constantly moist, but not flood. If you overdo it with water, there is a danger of root rot and complete death of the plant.
How to grow ginger on a windowsill: care rules
Growing this root vegetable on a windowsill is a common practice that does not require special skills. First of all, you need to get planting material.
You can buy a root vegetable, which is further recommended to be divided into several parts for seating, in almost any store.
By dividing the root into parts with separate buds, it is recommended:
- Place the seedlings in wide pots with a phosphorus-rich substrate, which is especially important to boost the growth of any root crop. When choosing a container, it is imperative that there is good drainage;
- Once a fortnight, it is imperative to apply a complex fertilizer;
- Provide daily watering, but do not over-water the plant. In addition, it is recommended to reduce the amount of added water with decreasing temperature;
- Transfer containers with seedlings to a warm, draft-free place protected from direct sunlight. Ideal greenhouse conditions for ginger with high levels of humidity, diffused light and high temperatures;
- By autumn, transfer the container with seedlings to a warmed place with sufficient lighting. Watering at this time must be reduced (the substrate must dry out). This activates the processes of development of the underground part, its growth and mass gain;
- After the stems and leaves have withered, the root must be dug up, carefully peeled from the soil and dried.
You can store a home-grown root vegetable in the same way as any vegetable - in the appropriate compartment of the refrigerator, or freeze it.
Subject to all the rules of care, the root crop grown in this way will not only be inferior in quality to the acquired one, but also significantly surpass it.
We offer you to watch an interesting video:
How ginger blooms at home
Not every grower is lucky to see ginger bloom. In the climatic conditions of Central Europe, he feels uncomfortable and can bloom only if he is provided with all the appropriate conditions.
The plant blooms quite interestingly: at first it releases a bud on a long peduncle, which gradually opens into a magical flower of amazing red color with a delicate purple edging of leaves surrounded by bracts. Sometimes buds are yellow or blue, depending on the variety.
Before creating conditions suitable for flowering, it is important to consider that the root of such a plant can no longer be eaten. Since most of the nutrients and trace elements will go to the development of the flower, the root crop itself will lose nutritional value, becoming too bland and herbaceous in taste. Even the structure of the root crop changes, it becomes coarser, individual hard fibers appear in it.
If you are determined to let the plant bloom, it is recommended:
- Provide greenhouse conditions with high temperature and humidity;
- Water the plant daily with settled water;
- Apply phosphorus fertilizers twice a month.
Subject to these rules, the flower will not keep you waiting. Depending on the specific variety, the plant can bloom in different ways, both in single large flowers and in small flowers collected in inflorescences on a peduncle.
Growing ginger in the open field from a tuber
At its core, ginger is not a capricious plant and it is not so difficult to grow it on a garden plot, but it is important to take into account a couple of details.
The main points worth paying special attention to are:
- Properly selected area - it should be sufficiently lit, but protected from the hot midday sun. To be in a place protected from drafts, in the southern part of the site;
- Loosen the soil first, ensuring good drainage. To do this, a layer of gravel should be placed on the bottom of the holes, which should be covered with sand and only after that with a nutritious mixture of leaf humus, sand and humus;
- When choosing planting material, it is recommended to pay attention to young and healthy roots with smooth skin. If there are traces of drying or freezing on the root, it will not work. Pay special attention to the "eyes", if there are no buds, it is better not to buy this root.
It is recommended to place the acquired root in warm water for several hours in order to awaken the buds and start the growth processes.
When dividing for seating, the places of the cuts must be dried and sprinkled with activated carbon.
It is recommended to start planting roots for seedlings in February, indoors. In April, seedlings can be planted in open soil. However, you can wait if the temperature outside the window at this time is below 25 ° C. If this is not taken into account, there is a danger that ginger will slow down the growth process, which is quite difficult to activate.
For disembarkation, it is recommended to dig holes no deeper than ten centimeters. Place seedlings with buds up. Before planting the hole directly, be sure to moisten and loosen it.
Let's watch a video on how to plant ginger correctly:
After the seedlings have been transferred to open soil, do not give up. To grow a good harvest, it is important not to forget that any plant needs care.
It is so important to consider that ginger needs:
- Abundant watering until the first shoots germinate, which appear already in the second week. At this stage, it is recommended to reduce the amount and frequency of watering, but not to bring the soil to dryness;
- Spraying the leaves, which will help protect the plant from sunburn;
- Regular loosening to a depth of no more than a centimeter during the growing season;
- Systematic feeding. At the beginning of the growing season, it is recommended to apply organic fertilizers every few weeks. By August, dilute organic matter with potash dressings, which is especially important for tuber formation.
After ten months, you can harvest ginger, it is extremely simple to determine when it is time to dig up the roots - the leaves must dry by this time. A couple of days before harvesting, it is recommended to stop watering, then gently dig up and dry the roots.
If ginger was planted as an ornamental plant, you do not need to dig it up. It is enough to trim the dried leaves and leave the root in the ground.
Despite the fact that the homeland of ginger is India, it is quite easy to grow it in temperate climates. Observing the simple rules of planting and care, you can not only collect a good harvest, but also enjoy the exotic beauty of flowers.