Rosehip, or wild rose, is often found in the middle lane as a wild-growing shrub. The plant can have solid dimensions, its height can be one and a half meters.
In spring, large, light pink flowers appear on spreading branches, by autumn, bright fruits ripen with a number of medicinal properties. Let's see if it is possible to grow a rosehip from seeds, how to do it correctly.
- How to grow a rosehip at home, from seeds - sowing features
- Where to buy rosehip seeds, how to collect it yourself
- How to grow rose hips from cuttings
- How to grow rose hips for grafting roses
How to grow rose hips at home, from seeds - sowing features
The option of growing rose hips from seeds is considered the most simple and does not require large power inputs. But, it is worth noting that this option has its own nuances, which can be attributed to disadvantages.
The sprouts emerging from the planted rosehip seeds can be observed no earlier than twelve to eighteen months later.
Experienced gardeners advise harvesting fruits that have not fully ripened to obtain seed. Germinating seeds from just such fruits will give the best possible result.
Collecting fruits for seed should be done immediately after their color turns red.
Where to buy rosehip seeds, how to collect it yourself
Experienced gardeners advise those who want to grow rose hips from seeds in their personal plot on their own in specialized stores or nurseries.
But self-collection of seeds is also not difficult.
The process of planting rosehip seeds is quite simple:
- The planting material is laid in the ground approximately 2 cm deep.
- Planting is performed in furrows, which are designed taking into account the upcoming weeding and further processing of the planting.
- Sowing is necessary in the autumn.
- Immediately after the end of the work, the planted area is mulched with fallen leaves, humus or other materials of organic origin.
With the arrival of spring, seedlings will begin to break through on the planted bed. At the same time, above the seedlings, it is necessary to organize a frame made of metal or wood and stretch a plastic wrap over it.
This design will allow the soil to warm up faster to the desired temperature and accelerate the growth of seedlings. The greenhouse should remain above the seedlings until the daytime temperature, on average, reaches +17 C. After that, the film awning can be dismantled.
It is also necessary to remember about the correct and timely care of seedlings, which consists in thinning. This will enable the plants to receive sufficient sunlight and soil nutrition.
It is not worth thinning the planting until the third leaf appears on the seedlings.
In addition, the care of seedlings includes:
- weed cleaning
- timely soil loosening, which in turn improves the supply of oxygen to the root of the plant and, as a result, contributes to more active growth
- do not forget about top dressing and regular watering
It is better to feed seedlings with compounds of organic origin, adding not a lot of fertilizers of a mineral composition to them.
How to grow rose hips from cuttings
When planning to grow hybrid varieties of rose hips, you need to remember that splitting of the characteristics of the variety can occur, therefore, in this case, it will be ideal to use the vegetative propagation method for breeding, that is, by cuttings.
Reproduction is best done with green cuttings, which were harvested in the middle of summer, namely at a time when the intensive growth of shoots began to decline.
The separated shoots are divided into cuttings. The division must be performed in such a way that each of the cuttings consists of three nodes. In the node located at the very bottom, the foliage is removed with petioles, half is left on all the rest.
Both cutting off shoots and cuts on cuttings should be done with a well-sharpened garden knife. Only this option will allow the fabrics to avoid creasing.
Cuttings are best treated with stimulants that will accelerate growth and root formation. Stimulants are best purchased at a specialized store. Consultation about their breeding and the correct performance of work can be clarified there with a sales assistant.
The processing time should be approximately 20 hours. At the same time, the immersion of the cuttings with the lower part in the solution should occur by a maximum of 3 cm.
For planting cuttings, a substrate is prepared: 1 part of peat and 3 parts of sand. The cuttings that have been processed are planted in the substrate at an angle.
During the first month, active formation of the root system will occur. Therefore, during this period, it is necessary to take care of a sufficient amount of moisture and make sure that the substrate does not dry out.
It is worth noting that when rooting takes place in protected ground, it is easier to monitor the normal humidity of the air. When rooting outdoors, you will need to spray it daily with water.
You can also use the "artificial fog" installation or a fine spray.
This option for growing rose hips does not require the organization of a greenhouse-type covering. The only thing that may be needed is the organization of the shadow, when the sun is too scorching.
Saplings grown by cuttings are more hardened, which in turn has a very positive effect on their condition in winter.
In winter, the surface of the land in the area with cuttings is mulched with foliage and humus.
How to grow rose hips for grafting roses
All gardeners know that growing roses is a long and costly process. Rose is a very whimsical plant in terms of soil, temperature, and care. It is much easier to grow a rose on a rootstock, that is, in this case, on a rose hip.
As a rootstock, a rosehip bush that has reached the age of three and was grown from seeds is suitable. The rose is grafted exclusively to healthy and strong shoots.
The vaccination activity will take a certain amount of time and will require precision, understanding and knowledge of the process. Therefore, in advance you need to choose a free day with suitable weather conditions, prepare all the necessary tools and be patient.
It is imperative to have at hand:
- grafting knife
- garden sharp pruner
- a sufficient amount of plastic wrap
- shovel and tape
Correctly performing a rose grafting event is half the job. To obtain the desired result, it is necessary to take proper and timely care of the plant.
You will learn more about collecting and harvesting rosehip seeds by watching the video: