Aloe, or agave, is a common plant that is famous not only for its beauty, but also for its great value in folk medicine. Differs in unpretentiousness and endurance, does not require special care conditions.
- What varieties of aloe can be grown as indoor plants
- The most beautiful varieties of aloe
- Medicinal varieties, how are they applied
- Poisonous representatives of the species, handling rules
- Rules for caring for succulents of the Asphodelic family
- How to trim
- Diseases and pests
What varieties of aloe can be grown as indoor plants
Aloe is a collective name for many species, among which there are both wild and indoor representatives.
The varieties described below are common in indoor gardening.
It reaches a height of several meters. The form is shrub or tree-like. Leaves are sessile, are located on the stem, like a fan, the length is 20 cm. A characteristic feature of this variety is frequent flowering.
An evergreen shrub that reaches a height of 4 m in the wild. The leaves are large, with reddish thorns at the edges. Blooms in yellow, sometimes orange, flowers.
It is considered the smallest species, since it does not grow above 30 cm. The leaves are scaphoid, dark green in color, located on the stem in a spiral. Blooms annually with proper care.
Multifoliate (hybrid of the Variegated variety)
Differs in a bluish shade of leaves, a triangular shape.
Despite the variety, not all are suitable for growing at home. When choosing, it should be borne in mind that each of the varieties has characteristic features that should not be overlooked.
The most beautiful varieties of aloe
In addition to the benefits and versatility, when choosing a flower, some are guided by the external parameters of the flower.
The most beautiful are:
- Aloe is cap-shaped, and its maintenance does not require much effort. It features curly stems that grow up to 2 m in length. Leaves are fleshy, ovoid, covered with whitish teeth on one side and small spines on the other. The flowers are bright red;
- Spinous is a shrub plant with narrow, small leaves of a grayish-green color. It resembles a sphere in shape;
- Spiral - a distinctive feature is the twisting of the rosette in a spiral. After the age of three, curling becomes more noticeable. During this period, the plant needs increased attention;
- Tiger - is small in size, rarely reaches more than 30 cm in height. The leaves are small, dark green, attached to the stem in a spiral.
Gardeners, when buying a flower, should ask themselves: how to care for an aloe agave is an unpretentious plant, but if the rules of care are not followed completely, it can die.
There are many different varieties that differ in properties and appearance. The most beautiful ones can surprise the owner not only with their appearance, but also with rich healing properties.
Medicinal varieties, how are they applied
In addition to aesthetic pleasure, this plant has many benefits in the treatment of immune and skin diseases. Most varieties have unique healing and anti-cold properties.
Common medicinal representatives of aloe include:
- Aloe Vera is an easily recognizable plant by its densely branching stem. Leaves are fleshy, light green in color. It is used both in professional medicine for the treatment of inflammation and in folk medicine;
- Arboreal - considered one of the most common. In addition, it differs in that for aloe tree care is not as important as for other varieties. It is a hardy woody plant that grows rapidly but rarely blooms. In folk medicine it is used as a laxative, wound healing and disinfectant;
- Soapy - differs from congeners in a large number of shoots with a missing trunk. It grows to a height of 50 cm. It is used in medicine, as a natural antiseptic, and in cosmetology, as a constituent of age creams.
Aloe is characterized not only by aesthetic beauty, but also by a wide range of medicinal properties. Thanks to the latter, it is often used as an antiseptic, wound healing agent.
Poisonous representatives of the species, handling rules
When choosing a plant variety, you should pay attention to the fact that in addition to useful and beautiful flowers, there are also dangerous ones among these flowers. To minimize the likelihood of developing unpleasant consequences, it is worth remembering how to properly care for aloe.
The most famous representative of poisonous varieties is the Fearful. It features long juicy lettuce-colored leaves covered with red thorns.
Despite the fact that it is often used in traditional medicine, in its pure form it can provoke a miscarriage. Therefore, it is not recommended to keep a plant of this variety in the same house as a pregnant woman.
Also, when ingested, causes intestinal or uterine bleeding. Equally dangerous for humans and animals.
If a florist decided to replenish the collection of indoor plants with this flower, it should be handled with caution. It is not worth the risk if there are pregnant women, small children or pets in the house.
Rules for caring for succulents of the Asphodelic family
Despite the plant's hardiness, it should be borne in mind that caring for it includes a number of features. The basic rules include the selection of the correct one:
- Lighting. Since this is a light-loving plant, it is recommended to place it on the windowsills of windows that face south;
- Glaze. In the warm season, watering is recommended, focusing on the level of soil drying. In winter, the frequency of watering is halved;
- Temperature regime. In summer, the flower feels great at room temperature. In winter, during the dormant period, the plant should be placed in a room with a temperature of 14 ° C. If the temperature is higher and the lighting quality remains poor, the flower will begin to stretch.
When growing a succulent, it is important to consider that it needs frequent feeding in the spring-autumn period.
An equally important aspect of care is transplantation.
So, it is recommended to replant a young flower annually, perennial - once every three years. When transplanting an adult, it is important to take into account that each new container should be 20-25% larger than the previous one.
It is recommended to transplant using the transshipment method so as not to damage the root system.
For this you need:
- Prepare the container by covering the bottom with a drainage layer and filling it with a small amount of new substrate;
- Remove the flower from the old flowerpot;
- Carefully place the roots of the flower, without knocking down lumps of earth, in a new container;
- Fill up with the remnants of the new substrate.
The substrate can be either purchased in a specialized store or prepared by yourself. To do this, you need to mix two parts of turf soil with one leaf and the same amount of fine sand. Add a little peat to the mixture.
Subject to the simple rules of care, the flower will delight the owners with a cheerful look for a long time. If you treat this carelessly, aloe, like any other living organism, can die.
How to trim
Another important question that a grower should be concerned about is: how to prune aloe? The process is not complicated, but it should be done regularly. This ensures fast renewal of the leaves.
During the procedure you need:
- Prepare sharp scissors in advance;
- Carefully remove first dead, discolored or damaged leaves;
- Cut off the side shoots that take away strength from the main trunk.
- When pruning, you can cut off not only diseased and excess leaves, but also the trunk if the flower has grown too large. In this case, it is worth pruning regularly.
Diseases and pests
Unfortunately, not always adherence to the basic rules of care can protect the grower from the development of such a problem as aloe disease. Rot is a common disease.
It can be caused by the ingress of water into the rosette of leaves or a lack of oxygen in the substrate. You can determine the problem by changing the color of the leaves, their thinning.
In addition to diseases, pests can also harm a succulent:
- Scabbard - predominantly affects succulent leaves. For elimination, it is recommended to use insecticides;
- Spider mite - infects leaves, causes them to turn yellow and fall off. For prevention, it is recommended to use tobacco tinctures, and for treatment - acaricides.
To protect the flower from damage, it is recommended not to place new, recently acquired flowers next to it.
If the disease or pest nevertheless attacked, it is necessary to process the flower and transplant it to new soil.
Aloe is a perennial plant. It is widespread in both horticulture and medicine. Unpretentious, but dies with improper care.
For additional information on the features of caring for home aloe, we suggest watching an interesting video: