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Strawberries and strawberries are delicate, healthy and aromatic berries. How to understand botanical features? What is the difference between strawberries and strawberries?
- What plants are in the strawberry family
- Description of representatives, especially fruiting
- The history of the garden berry
- How to tell true strawberries from garden strawberries
- Composition and useful properties
What plants are in the strawberry family
Strawberries and strawberries, the family of which actually has the name Pink, belong to the genus Strawberries. Translated from Latin, the name of the genus is translated as fragrant, aromatic. The group has over thirty representatives. This family includes the following plants.
These include berries growing in forest belts and meadows.
There are wild and cultivated species. In fact, real strawberries are quite rare.
It is this plant that we most often eat, calling it strawberries. Gardening includes remontant, pineapple and other many varieties.
From a botanical point of view, scientists call strawberries a false berry or achene, since the fruits are covered with seeds on the outside, which is not typical for berries.
In fact, this is an overgrown receptacle. Among consumers, the concept of “berry” has taken root behind the plant.
Description of representatives, especially fruiting
Each type of family has certain characteristics. Consider the most common representatives.
In old Europe, these plants were used to decorate gardens or grow them for medicinal purposes. Culturing took place only in the 16th century.
Strawberry meadow - this is exactly the fragrant berry that is found on the edges, meadows, forest glades and slopes. It is widespread in our latitudes, Europe and America, it is also known as forest.
The plant is a small perennial herb no more than 15 cm high with an erect stem. The dark green leaves are pubescent, trifoliate. The lower leaves are gray and collected in a basal rosette.
The flowers are white, collected in inflorescences of several pieces. Flowering time falls in May-June, and fruit ripening in June-July. The berries have a delicate sweet taste, unforgettable aroma and a host of useful properties.
Despite the sweetness and aroma, the fruits of the plant are not very popular due to their small size. To get the desired amount, you have to spend too much time collecting.
When we talk about strawberries, we often do not suspect that we are actually talking about garden strawberries. It is this kind of berry that is widely cultivated in our area. The berry is also often called Victoria because one of the most common varieties with large fruits has that name.
The bush of the garden plant is much more massive than that of the forest representative. The leaves are large, dark. The flowers are self-fertile, which allows you to get large yields.
The breeding varieties are not afraid of frosty winters and spring frosts. The berries are juicy, with tender pulp and, due to this, low transportability.
The plant is in fact very rarely cultivated. Rather found in the wild. Grows in the south of Russia and Ukraine, in European and Central Asian countries, Kazakhstan.
The name comes from the word "ball", because the shape resembles small balls. Strawberries contain fructose, organic acids, vitamins and trace elements. In addition, its taste is superior to that of related species, however, it is not popular among gardeners. Why is this happening?
The flowers of true strawberries of the same sex are female or male, while in their fellows they are self-fertile. Only female specimens give ovaries.
As a result, the yield is halved. In addition, the plant is demanding on growing conditions. Real strawberries are cultivated on farms in the UK, Germany and France.
The history of the garden berry
The homeland of the plant is France. The garden berry appeared thanks to the work of breeders. Were crossed strawberries Chile and Virginia - South American varieties. The history of crossing is quite curious.
Captain Frezier followed from Chile home to his native France, acquiring with him several bushes of plants with large fruits. Despite the long swimming, six months long, the plant survived and continued to develop. Upon arrival, Frezier presented the bushes to various individuals, after which the strawberries were settled in the Paris Botanical Garden.
Since all the bushes were female, they never produced fruit. However, they continued to breed with antennae. The botanists continued to observe the plant. One of the specimens settled in the Versailles Park. A male Virginian strawberry bush lived in the neighborhood. This is how pollination took place and the creation of a large-fruited berry.
The brainchild took the best qualities from its predecessors - the large size of the fruit and the sweet, rich taste. The plant has gained unprecedented popularity. Until now, scientists are developing more and more varieties.
How to tell true strawberries from garden strawberries
True strawberries and garden strawberries have tangible differences. Let's understand them in more detail:
The flowers of garden strawberries, unlike strawberries, are bisexual - self-fertile. This means that the berries are formed from each flower, and the yield is twice as large.
The strawberry bush is taller and more powerful, and the leaves are corrugated, light green. In strawberries, berries are hidden under the leaves, and in strawberries they rise above them. The fruits of real strawberries are smaller than those of garden strawberries, they are poorly separated from the receptacle and can be of different colors - red, burgundy, purple.
According to most, strawberries have a sweeter taste and an interesting aroma. Due to this, some gardeners cultivate it despite the difficulties of growing.
Strawberries and strawberries, the difference between which is undeniable, are at the same time similar and different plants. Each of them has its own advantages.
Composition and useful properties
Both types of berries are rich in vital elements. The fruits are recommended for consumption by children and adults. Forest strawberries are considered especially valuable, the beneficial properties of which are innumerable. It contains the maximum amount of ascorbic acid. However, this berry is not easy to get. Varieties of garden plants are famous for their rich composition.
Fragrant fruits contain B vitamins, folic acid, pectins, fiber, organic acids, trace elements. The fruits contain a large amount of vitamin C.
Eating the product in food has a beneficial effect on the body:
- Improves the condition of the skin, fights eczema.
- Strawberry juice is effective for cholelithiasis.
- Increases the level of hemoglobin, prevents anemia.
- It activates metabolism, is used for dietary and antihyperglycemic purposes.
- Helps with heart diseases, cleanses and strengthens the walls of blood vessels.
- Has antimicrobial effect on intestinal, viral infections, influenza.
- It has a positive effect on the functioning of the thyroid gland.
- It has a diuretic effect, cleanses the kidneys.
Ripe fruit face masks tighten pores, whiten and moisturize the skin. In the absence of an allergic reaction, strawberry fasting days can be carried out. To activate metabolic processes, eat a handful of fruits before eating.
Eating berries is refreshing and uplifting.
Strawberries and strawberries are delicious and healthy fruits, no matter what name we call them, they will not become less loved. Doctors recommend eating as much fresh fruit as possible during the season. The product is harvested for the winter in different ways.
Let's watch a video about strawberries, strawberries, the best varieties of tasty and healthy berries: