Plum fruits are tasty and healthy. What are the advantages of the fruit, and how to care for the plant?
- The history of the appearance of the Bogatyrskaya plum
- Distinctive features of the plant, description
- Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Planting rules for seedlings
- How to care for a fruit tree
- Collection, storage and processing of crops
- Pests and diseases that can affect plums
The history of the appearance of the Bogatyrskaya plum
Plum varieties Bogatyr - not so long ago bred variety. The plant was obtained thanks to the selection of the local plum Gigantic and Vengerka. The founders were breeders with namesakes Korneevs, employees of the Nizhnevolzhsky Research Institute of Agriculture.
Tests for breeding the variety began in 1962. The plant was entered into the State Register only in 1987. The plum was named Bogatyr or Bogatyrskaya.
Perfect for intensive gardening. Mechanized harvesting became possible.
The tree got its name for a reason. A medium-sized plant is covered with large juicy fruits. Of more than fifty late varieties, it is rightfully considered the best. It is possible to collect 70-80 kg of fruits from one tree per season. The Bogatyr variety grows well and bears fruit in cold climates and tolerates frosty winters.
Distinctive features of the plant, description
Home Plum Bogatyrskaya is a tree with a spreading, rounded crown. Dark green corrugated foliage densely covers branches, is located on long cuttings with pubescence. Leaf shape is ovoid, with a pointed base. The peeling type bark is gray in color.
White flowers are collected in 2-3 flower inflorescences. The fruits are tied mainly on the branches of the bouquet type, formed in the last season.
Fruits are the main advantage of the tree. In the Bogatyr variety, they are large, elongated, each weighing 35-50 g. The peel is dark purple, with a waxy bloom. The pulp is yellow-green in color, unusually juicy and soft, with fibers. The taste of the berries is pleasant, soft, sweet and sour.
The size of the stone is standard and does not exceed 10% of the total weight of the plum. They contain about 13% sugars. Plums are rich in vitamin C - 10 mg per 100 g of pulp.
The tree begins to bear fruit 4-5 years after planting. The fruiting period of different specimens ranges from 15 to 30 years. Plum Bogatyrskaya has a high yield, which grows rapidly.
Ripening time is in mid-August. Even from a young tree, it is possible to collect 50-60 kg of fruits. Productivity is growing rapidly. Mature plants yield up to 80 kg. Plum Bogatyr belongs to self-fertile trees, it feels good even in regions with an unfavorable climate.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Plum variety Bogatyr has a lot of advantages, but at the same time, some disadvantages. The advantages of the variety are significant.
The trees are famous for their regular, abundant fruiting. Gardeners rely on a stable amount of fruit. A large harvest is harvested from each tree.
High quality fruit
Plums have impressive size and excellent taste. It is very important that they are not prone to cracking even in rainy summers. The heroic plum is characterized by excellent transportability, despite the tenderness of the pulp.
Tolerance to adverse weather conditions
The plant belongs to frost-resistant varieties. Gardens can be kept in temperate climates with cold winters without fear of death.
The tree rarely gets sick and is resistant to most ailments and pests.
Pollination occurs even in rainy weather, in the absence of bumblebees and bees.
The disadvantages of the Bogatyr plum stem from its advantages:
- The tree tends to be overloaded with berries, which increases the likelihood of branch breakage.
- Plums become smaller over the years.
Some agree to put up with the minuses, others do not. However, harvesting a large harvest and enjoying juicy fruits is a real pleasure.
Planting rules for seedlings
Plum heroic, which is easy to buy, requires competent planting. Pay attention to the following parameters.
The right place is the key to success. The tree does not like drought, but does not grow well in wetlands. Groundwater should pass at a depth of at least 1.5 m. Small hills and slopes are well suited for planting.
Note that a plum planted in the shade produces a lower yield. Better to give preference to well-lit areas, protected from strong winds.
The plant is capricious in relation to the acidity of the soil. The indicator should be neutral, in the range of 6-7 pH. If the whole garden has soil with high acidity, ash or dolomite flour is added before planting.
The best time to plant is early spring before bud break. Over the summer, the plant will adapt and develop roots. In regions with a warm climate, plums are planted in mid-October.
Purchase of seedlings
High-quality planting material must have certificates that indicate the name and age of the plant. For planting in the country or in the garden, it is best to purchase plants at the age of 1-2 years, 1-1.5 m in height. Pay attention to the presence of inoculation and the thickness of the trunk (normally about 1.3 cm). The tree should have 4-5 intact roots without abnormal growths. A healthy seedling has a fresh look, green buds. After purchase, wrap the rhizome with a damp cotton cloth.
For each seedling, a recess is prepared in the ground with a depth of slightly more than 0.5 m and a diameter of 0.8 m. A peg up to 1 m long is inserted on the side of the pit, which will serve as a support for the tree in the first years.
Gently spread the roots to the sides and place in the recess. The seedling is added dropwise with earth mixed with manure (1 bucket), superphosphate (300 g) and a small amount of potassium salt (60 g). The neck of the rhizome should protrude 5 cm above the ground.
A hole is formed around the landing site and two buckets of water are poured. The tree is neatly tied to a support peg. The ground near the seedling is covered with peat or humus.
How to care for a fruit tree
Despite the fact that the Bogatyrskaya plum is resistant and strong, the plant also needs care. Proper care will help the owner get a big harvest.
Each plant needs an additional source of moisture. For watering, a circular groove is dug. Seedlings and saplings need more frequent watering. Once a week, add 2-3 buckets of water.
The frequency of watering adult specimens is reduced, 5-6 times a season is enough. But the amount of liquid is increased to 4 buckets. During the period of fruit formation, the plum needs maximum moisture - 8 buckets. Also, increased watering is carried out at the end of the season.
An equally important stage is loosening the earth. The procedure is performed after each watering or occasionally after natural precipitation.
The first year of growth, the young tree is not fed. Some gardeners prefer to spray the plant with a growth stimulant several times a month.
An adult plant that bears fruit is fertilized three times a year:
- before flowering (urea)
- during ripening of plums (nitrophosk)
- after the end of fruiting (superphosphate)
At the end of the season, it is useful to feed the tree with natural fertilizer - rotted manure. One bucket is enough. Also, before and after the formation of flowers, it is advisable to fertilize the soil with chicken droppings. Lime or chalk is added to overly acidic soils.
If, with sufficient watering, the crown begins to turn yellow, most likely the tree lacks trace elements. To eliminate the problem, the leaves are sprayed with a solution of urea and ammonium nitrate.
Pruning is an important part of grooming. The best time for the procedure is late March or early April. The colder the spring, the later the plant is pruned. Since the tree is often overloaded with heavy fruits, branches are left that branch off at a large angle. A longline haircut is best suited to the variety.
In a young one-year-old seedling in the spring, some time after planting, the upper part of the shoots is pruned to stimulate the growth of lateral branches. If the planting was carried out in the fall, the pruning is transferred to the spring.
The crown of a two-year-old tree is shortened by a third of its length. Leave the branches at an angle of 45 degrees, at a distance of about 20 cm from each other.
In a three-year-old tree, a 2nd tier is formed at a distance of 80 cm from the previous one. A fourth tier of branches is created for a four-year-old plant, consisting of two shoots at a distance of 0.5 m from the previous one.
Further pruning of Bogatyrskaya plum consists mainly of removing damaged, dried and growing inward branches. Occasionally thinned crown is thinned out.
Gardeners have different opinions about autumn pruning. Some believe that it helps to get rid of sick and unnecessary branches. Others are sure that this procedure only contributes to the drying out of the trunk during cold weather.
Collection, storage and processing of crops
Ripening of Bogatyr plum is gradual, begins in mid-August and lasts until mid-September. First, the crop is harvested from the lower and outer parts of the crown. To keep the fruits longer, they are plucked with the stalks and the wax coating is not washed off.
For storage, the berries are laid in layers in boxes and placed in refrigerators. At a temperature of 4-5 C, the product is stored for 20-30 days.
Since the collected plums are short-lived, they are harvested for the winter in different ways.
A popular and easy way to preserve vitamins and health benefits. This can be done even at home. The only obstacle is the size of the freezer.
There are many options for procurement. Plums are used to make jam, berry puree, jam, juices, homemade liqueurs and wine.
Dried plums make excellent compotes and decoctions in winter.
Plum is useful for pathologies of the kidneys and liver, strengthens blood vessels, activates the intestines and removes toxins. Therefore, take care of harvesting berries in advance.
Pests and diseases that can affect plums
Plum Bogatyrskaya is quite resistant to various diseases and parasites. However, even a strong plant can attack adversity.
With a disease, the trunk darkens, and the leaves acquire a silvery hue. The disease is rare; without treatment, the tree dies. To eliminate the problem, the affected shoots are cut out and the plant is treated with 3% copper sulfate.
Fruits suffer from the disease. In diseased specimens, a bone does not form and plaque appears. For treatment in the bud formation phase, 1% Bordeaux liquid is used.
The appearance of black bloom on the foliage indicates a sooty fungus infection. The tree is treated with a bucket of soap solution (150 g) and vitriol (5 g).
Swollen brown spots form on the leaves. After harvesting, they are treated with Bordeaux liquid.
Plum Bogatyrskaya is an excellent fruit tree for home growing. In order for the plant to grow and bear fruit, it is necessary to pay maximum attention to planting, pruning and watering. It is especially important to properly care for a young seedling. Under the right conditions, the tree will delight you with an abundant harvest of delicious fruits.
Let's watch an interesting video about the Bogatyrsky variety plum: