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Houseplants are rightfully considered not only an adornment of human housing, but also provide owners with positive emotions, perfectly purify and humidify the air. And most of them can be used for medicinal or prophylactic purposes, and can also be eaten either as seasonings or as supplements containing a maximum of useful elements.
- Benefits of Miniature Plants
- Small potted plants
- Unpretentious indoor trees
- Small indoor cacti and succulents
Benefits of Miniature Plants
Passionate gardening collectors quite often collect a huge number of flora representatives in their homes. The only thing that can serve as a limitation for the constant increase in personal collections is the size of the housing.
Unfortunately, not everyone can boast of even medium-sized apartments. Basically, the square is small. It is not very reasonable and convenient to acquire flowers with large sizes in such living conditions.
But, on the other hand, this is not a reason to deprive yourself and your loved ones of positive emotions from home gardening. Agree: the variety and richness of forms created by nature truly has no boundaries.
It makes sense to turn your attention to miniature indoor plants. They practically do not differ in anything other than size from large indoor plants. But, at the same time, the space for their placement will be required several times less.
There are quite enough miniature species and most of them are designed for growing in apartment conditions. Some of the types of such flowers are the work of nature itself, the rest is the result of good work carried out by a large number of experienced breeders.
In any case, among many different varieties and species, absolutely everyone can choose a flower to taste: beautiful and brightly blooming, pleasing with its decorativeness and abundant developed deciduous system, succulent, and so on.
Small potted plants
Small plants with beautiful flowers are generally successful artificial crosses. Although, this fact absolutely does not deprive them of their aesthetic value.
As, for example, miniature violets, or in an arc - dwarf Saintpaulias. The dimensions of an ordinary violet are not impressive in their dimensions, but a miniature copy of Saintpaulias is a phenomenon that causes surprise and admiration.
On the shelves of specialized stores, you can find several varieties of mini-violets: midi - their rosette diameter is about 20 cm, micro - with a rosette diameter of about 6 cm, mini - which barely reach 15 cm in diameter.
Despite the small size of the bush, the flowers of such varieties are interesting for their rather large dimensions and have a wide variety of colors.
Flower shapes are also rich in their variety: star-shaped, double to the touch, ordinary, bell-shaped, and so on. With regards to care, the maintenance of miniature plants at home is practically no different from other varieties of violets.
But, much less space is needed for their placement. When there is a desire to start new varieties of plants at home, and the apartment conditions do not allow this to be done in full, there is a reason to study the offer of the market for small indoor flowers.
Miniature Kalanchoe, despite their attractiveness, can be found on sale quite rarely. If an ordinary Kalanchoe has a height of about 25 cm, then for dwarf representatives of this species it is a standard height - within 15 cm.Dwarf varieties, with beautiful multi-colored flowers (from red to cream) are nothing more than the result of painstaking work of breeders on crossing varieties.
Just like other varieties of Kalanchoe, their mini versions are quite flexible and do not require special attention and care. Timely and high-quality watering, correct fertilization, professionally made pruning and transplantation will be enough for them.
Dwarf roses are small indoor plants, available in almost all flower shops, and are also in great demand and interest among buyers.
And this is very justified: their floral sophistication fascinates the eye, and the miniature size of the plant itself as a whole makes it possible to grow it even in rooms with a very small area. But, before starting a mini-rose in an apartment, you should think it over carefully. She belongs to the most capricious and whimsical plants.
Home flowers, amazing with the beauty of their patterned leaves, are no less charming than gathering them with beautiful and multi-colored inflorescences. Bright and luscious greenery will be a chic addition to any interior style.
In this case, the dimensions of the apartment do not really matter. In flower shops, the selection of miniature deciduous plants is quite large. For example, helksina or solyrolia is interesting for its very miniature leaves, the length of which is about 7 mm and shoots that resemble thin threads. This variety with such "model sizes" is the perfect creation of nature itself.
Throughout Italy and in the southern part of Spain, you can observe the huge glades of Helxin. They can grow both in wooded areas and on mountain slopes. In the northern parts of the regions, residents grow this amazing plant at home, using ordinary flower pots for planting them.
In them, gelksina forms surprisingly spectacular spherical bushes of a silvery or golden color. The maintenance of this type of plant at home does not require special physical, time and financial costs. They are quite flexible and unpretentious. The only condition that they need to provide is the freshness and purity of the air.
Florists who do not have rich experience often confuse nertera with gelksina.
Outwardly, they really have some similarities: the shape and color of the foliage, thin shoots. Their main difference lies in the fruits that appear in the summer and have a bright scarlet color.
The berries are valuable for their decorative unusual appearance and are the main decoration of the nertera shrub. Growing nertera does not require special skills of a grower and a lot of time.
It will be enough for her to organize a certain period of rest and carry out correct and timely pruning. The plant is ideal for growing in small premises.
It has several varieties that differ from each other in wonderful patterns on the leaves. Patterns can be indicated by both gray and pink streaks or specks of various shapes, sizes and colors from gray-purple to bright green.
The shape of the foliage is also different: wavy, pointed, rounded, elongated, and so on. The splendor of these varieties is nothing more than the result of the work done by the breeders.
Fittonia stems spread along the ground, but do not grow too much. Fittonia is rightfully considered an excellent choice for those who want to plant flowers at home. It is very original and interesting, at the same time it is compact and does not require a lot of space.
Unpretentious indoor trees
Or as it is popularly called, the dwarf ficus is perhaps the brightest representative of miniature indoor trees. Comparing it with standard representatives of the family, it is worth noting that the height of the pumila in rare cases is higher than 20 cm.
It is rightfully recognized as the ideal creation of nature. Growth under normal conditions is as follows: small tenacious shoots tend up the trunks of nearby trees.
Thus, the ficus slowly but surely moves higher and higher, subjugating an ever larger territory. The name of this plant in translation means "invader", which completely coincides with its method of life, that is, it is a parasite for its larger fellows growing nearby.
Dwarf ficus varieties, developing in apartment conditions, do not behave as brazenly as ordinary ones. Therefore, they enjoy great recognition and popularity among experienced florists.
Mainly grown for beautiful foliage decorated with various patterns and covered with light downy. But, besides this, the plant is interesting for its unusual flowers.
Their shape is similar to the shape of bells and has a variety of colors: red, pink, white or yellow.
The color of the foliage is more gorgeous and varied: options are possible from pink to rich raspberry, from white to deep green, from red to deep chocolate. Quite often, the leaf blade has a vein finish in a contrasting color in relation to the basic tone of the leaf.
In height, an adult plant reaches a maximum of 20 cm.Cultivation at home, in principle, is not particularly difficult, but it has special subtleties of care that must be performed: maintaining a constant relatively high air humidity, producing moderate but timely watering, regular and correct pruning bush.
In addition, the root system is fibrous and prone to overgrowth. This means that the container for it must be suitable, that is, wide. But, lovers of miniature forms confidently claim that the spent energy is compensated by the attractive appearance of the grown miniature episode.
Rarely grown indoors. It can be attributed to mini-varieties only partially. Its foliage is rounded and small in size. Each of the leaves is approximately 2 cm long.
With shoots, the situation is different: they are striking in their height. The stems are flexible enough and it is quite possible to form different shapes from them. Wrap them around, for example, a support, or leave them in the form of chaotically hanging vines, or cut them and thereby achieve the desired shape.
Muhlenbeckia is full of venom, this small houseplant visually resembles green lace fabric.
Small indoor cacti and succulents
There are a lot of succulents growing in natural conditions. These species grow, in most, in very arid regions and deserts and have an amazing ability not to waste water resources.
Some plant species store liquid reserves inside the leaves, cacti - in their voluminous trunks, and some need so little moisture that they do not produce any reserves at all. A sufficient number of species of these plants, today, amateurs successfully grow in apartment conditions.
Living stones, or as they are also called lithops
They rightfully belong to very amazing plants. That part of them, which is located above the surface of the earth, consists of very thick and rather fleshy leaves, each of which is divided in half lengthwise.
At a certain time, a gorgeous flower appears from the central part. The color palette of a flower, depending on the variety, can be very diverse.
Lithops are quite exotic and original, so few other species can compete with them. Like many other representatives of the desert flora, lithops are unpretentious.
They do not need to be fed often and watered abundantly. They will survive even under the open scorching sun and soil, poor in useful microelements. The dimensions of living stones are truly miniature: their height, as well as their diameter, are no more than 5 cm.
When creating pot compositions, lithops are indispensable. Against the background of shell rock, decorative rubble and other succulents, they will look unusually beautiful.
Visually very similar to lithops. This is not unusual, since both plants belong to the Aiz family. The fleshy and thick leaves of gibbeum are also divided into two halves; on the surface of the soil, such plants form dense growth.
The flower mass of this exotic flower resembles a chrysanthemum bloom and can be painted in different colors. Flower care is quite simple: minimal, but timely watering, a sufficient amount of sunlight.
It is worth noting that gibbeum does not need feeding. The only thing he needs to organize is a fairly deep pot. Its root system does not grow in width, but in length. Such a structure helps in natural conditions to produce sufficient reserves of water.
Has a very close relationship with live stones. Refers to plants with small dimensions. The leaves are spherical or heart-shaped. Their length is about 1 cm. The flowers are not large, their color shades are rich and varied.
Annual growth in height is almost invisible to the naked eye. Basically, the overgrowth occurs in width. In natural conditions, the flower can be observed only in the southern part of the African state. And as an indoor culture, it is very popular in absolutely all countries and regions.
Refers to representatives of the Aizov family. Its leaves are fleshy and have pointed tips on which hairy spines are located. Despite the rather frightening appearance, the thorns serve only to scare away pests and herbivorous representatives of the fauna, without causing any particular damage to health.
The foliage is collected by a rosette, tightly attached to the root system. Its height is about 15 cm. In the center of the rosette, from time to time, you can observe the blooming of a flower, the color of which can be either white or yellowish.
Flower care is the same as for other desert flora: not frequent watering, dry and warm enough air, no feeding.
Useful tips for caring for minivials - on video: