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What trees to plant on the site, which is better to refuse from planting


In order for a personal plot or cottage to have a complete look, trees are needed. Such plants are the basis of landscape design and landscaping.

Summer residents also prefer to acquire fruit representatives in order to obtain a harvest. What trees to plant on the site and what should be considered when choosing?

Content:

  1. Principles for the selection of plantings for your own plot
  2. Selection of trees according to the climatic zone
  3. We are planning to create a fruitful garden
  4. What trees are suitable for lowlands and wetlands
  5. Tips for the selection and planting of ornamental crops
  6. What trees are undesirable to plant near the house and why

Principles for the selection of plantings for your own plot

Gardeners and summer residents want to see beautiful plants that are full of health on their site. For a seedling to take root and develop, aesthetic preferences alone are not enough.

An important element at the stage of selecting varieties is the existing climatic conditions and soil condition. A common cause of wilting and death of plantings is the wrong selection of plants.

Now breeders have developed new resistant species that are adapted to more severe weather conditions. Do not hope that the thermophilic tropical plant will take root in the northern latitudes.

We also contain some varieties of exotic flora representatives. Such copies are often more demanding in terms of content. Therefore, when choosing something unusual for your climatic zone, be prepared for the fact that you will have to devote more time and effort to caring.

Before planting a tree in your garden, inquire about its needs and features. First make sure that the climate suits it, and it will not die.

In addition to weather conditions, it is worth taking into account the quality and condition of the soil, the characteristics of the relief, the proximity of groundwater and the size of the site.

Choosing trees according to the climatic zone

Before you buy seedlings, be smart about their choice. Southern thermophilic specimens die quickly or do not take root at all in cold areas. Often gardeners unsuccessfully try to grow fruit crops in the country that are demanding on the air temperature.

Trees for northern latitudes

Among the ornamental representatives of the flora, the following common species tolerate the cold climate perfectly:

  • black or russian willow
  • raquita
  • Rowan
  • white acacia
  • birch (various varieties)
  • blue spruce
  • Norway maple
  • thuja
  • oak
  • amur velvet

The situation is more difficult with fruit. Most of them die in icy winters. Pay attention to walnut, resistant apple varieties, hawthorn, lingonberry, blueberry. Now on the market there are other fruit crops adapted to the harsh conditions.

Trees for mid-latitudes

In a temperate climatic zone, the choice for planting green spaces is huge. Broad-leaved (beech, ash, linden), conifers (spruce, pine), small-leaved (aspen, birch) species, as well as most of the fruit representatives, take root well.

If there are severe frosts in middle latitudes, they last for a short time. In the temperate zone, the temperature may drop to -25-30 C. Therefore, choose plants that can withstand such cold weather.

Trees for the southern lane

Warm weather conditions with low temperature fluctuations are ideal for creating a fertile garden.

In the south, thermophilic ones develop well and bear fruit:

  • peaches
  • apricots
  • cherries
  • pears
  • quince
  • cherries
  • dogwood
  • sea ​​buckthorn
  • barberry
  • mulberry
  • honeysuckle
  • plum

When choosing seedlings, objectively assess the climate in which the plant will have to live. Get the most adapted varieties. Do not give in to the urge to do the impossible and grow something completely exotic.

We are planning to create a fruitful garden

What fruit trees to plant on the site? Focus on your preferences and compliance with the climatic zone. After you decide on the list of varieties that can be grown in your region, proceed directly to the choice. At the stage of organizing a garden, different aspects and parameters are taken into account.

Create a landing pattern

Before proceeding with the action, create a planting diagram on paper. Draw a plan for the location of the seedlings.

Decide on the quantity

Think about what you need fruit crops for. Do you want to delight yourself with fresh berries and fruits in season, are you planning to roll or want to get a harvest for a commercial purpose? How many family members will you divide the harvested fruits and berries into?

If you do not count on the further sale of fruits, you should not plant 25 seedlings of the same type.

Create a preference list

Write a list of those representatives of the flora who would like to see near the house in the first place. Think about which fruits and berries you need the most? What cultures are not sympathetic to? Are there any plant allergies?

List them in descending order of importance. Start buying seedlings from the first positions. At the end of the list should be the least adapted and desired specimens.

Consider the size of the plot

If you want to try as many fruits as possible, and the size of the plot is modest, use the following tricks:

Plant dwarf breeds. The advantage of such is compactness and ease of maintenance. The owner will have the opportunity to feast on the fruits, despite the small area. However, many gardeners note that columnar specimens deplete the soil more.

In order to get different fruits, use grafting. This technique will allow you to get branches hung with fruits of different varieties (plums, apples).

Leave enough space between plants

When planted, the seedlings are miniature and slender, and over time they grow significantly. Leave enough space between them. Consider the variety and size as an adult.

Choose the right neighbors

An important detail is the correct combination of neighboring trees. Sweet cherries and cherries are better pollinated and grow in the company of their own kind. There is no point in planting one cherry tree in the garden.

Place the walnut away from other green spaces. He will try to destroy nearby plants. But mulberries will not interfere with any neighbor.

You can plant several fruits near the house, or start creating a whole garden. It is worthwhile to correctly calculate your strength. If the area is large, it may be better to invite a professional team.

What trees are suitable for lowlands and wetlands

The best option for a garden is a perfectly flat terrain. However, not every land plot can boast of such characteristics. Most often, there are lowlands near the estate, which must be filled correctly.

A garden should not be built in the low-lying part. Fruit trees and shrubs are demanding on the soil, and in conditions of dampness and high humidity, their roots will begin to rot. Groundwater should run at least 2 m deep from the surface of the earth.

If the whole garden is in the lowland, and you want to plant fruit crops, use the following technique. Make earthen hills 35-45 cm high and place the seedlings on artificially created hills.

If there is a lowland on the site, and it is not possible to create a good drainage system, certain plants are specially planted. Aspen or willow will help remove excess water.

There are other representatives of the flora that tolerate low-lying areas and nearby rivers well:

  • Spirea Douglas. A beautiful deciduous plant, famous for its long flowering period from July to September. Perfectly complements the green design.
  • White willow. A tree traditionally found in swampy soils along rivers and streams. Thanks to its impressive size, it creates a tangible shadow.
  • Hawthorn. A shrub covered with fruits that resemble small apples. It is often used medicinally.
  • Gray alder. A tree that grows up to 20 m. Does not tolerate drought, so moist soils are what you need.
  • Honeysuckle. Interesting as an ornamental plant. There are varieties with edible fruits of an unusual shape.
  • Derain. Common species are white, red and scion grass. Differs in unpretentiousness and high adaptability.
  • Kalina. Each owner will be pleased with the presence of viburnum on their territory. An unusually beautiful shrub will delight you with useful fruits.

Planting plants in wetlands will help reduce moisture levels and create green areas. Trees will help you gain completeness and integrity.

Tips for the selection and planting of ornamental crops

To create a certain style in a country house or a personal plot, decorative varieties are needed. If you want to get a single composition, choose plants that are similar in style. To make the garden look neat, you will have to remember from time to time about pruning and forming the crown.

Choose small trees and shrubs for hedges. Remember that tall plants will change significantly in size over time, shading the territory of neighbors in the country and putting down roots in adjacent areas.

Can linden be planted near the house? Such plants are planted in resting places, near gazebos on the south side. They will serve as an excellent shelter in the summer heat.

When creating a hedge, give preference to dwarf varieties that tolerate a haircut well.

The following plants are great:

  • juniper
  • berry yew
  • dwarf spruce
  • western thuja
  • barberry
  • spireas
  • hawthorn

Many are interested in whether it is possible to plant lilacs near the house. The plant is perfect for planting around the perimeter of the site. It can also be used to make hedges. Lilac has lush foliage, and in spring it will delight you with a beautiful fragrant flowering.

If the house faces a busy road, it is better to plant taller plants along the edge. For these purposes, take western thuja, small-leaved elm, yellow acacia, or riverine maple. The lush crown protects against dust and exhaust gases coming from the road.

For decorative purposes, use any species - coniferous, deciduous. They can be planted alone, create compositions or careless look.

Single trees

Medium and large trees are planted as single specimens. If the area is not too large, it is impractical to place very tall plants. Large crops are located at a great distance from each other. Rosehip or Potentilla is great as a soloist.

Planting groups of plants

Group plantings look great and create a romantic landscape. Interesting compositions are obtained by planting a number of contrasting representatives of the flora. Variegated trees and bushes look original.

A wide variety of plants are taken as a decor:

  • Conifers: thuja, spruce, pine, yew, juniper. Due to their unusual appearance, coniferous crops have gained popularity among summer residents. Specimens of a rounded shape look attractive.
  • Deciduous: birch, maple, linden, chestnut, alder, clear, mountain ash. Plants perfectly tolerate temperature instability and frosty winters.
  • Fruit: dwarf fruit varieties, apple trees, sakura. The flowering of such crops is colorful, and in the fall the foliage acquires a bright multi-colored color.

Landscape designers recommend adhering to the following rule: the smaller the plant, the more is required for the composition.

Trees chaotically scattered around the site rarely look neat. Planting in groups looks more aesthetically pleasing.

What trees are undesirable to plant near the house and why

Some representatives of the flora are not advised to plant near the house. Some - due to natural reasons, others - due to superstition.

Do not place giants with powerful roots close to buildings. Over time, the root system can develop so much and go deep into the depths that it breaks the foundation of the structure. These include poplar or walnut.

It is better not to plant pine trees in the area, or to move them as far as possible. Their features are such that they can destroy all the vegetation around.

It is believed that plants have a certain energy. Everyone's aura is special, it can give or take away powers. According to superstition, it is undesirable to plant the following representatives of the flora near the house.

Birch tree

In fact, birch is a real protector. However, it is better to take it outside the gate and build a bench next to it. There she will not interfere with the owner and will not let the negative on the threshold.

Aspen

Our ancestors also considered aspen an energy vampire. According to popular beliefs, she brings illness and loss. The cross of Jesus Christ was made from aspen.

Pussy willow

Some say that the one who imprisoned her will soon suffer death. Even if you are not superstitious, you should not tempt fate.

Willow

It often grows near water bodies, but is not suitable for planting near the house. Willow is traditionally considered a symbol of crying and suffering; in the old days women came to her to grieve about a difficult fate.

Spruce

It also raises many questions. There are controversies: is it possible to plant a spruce near the house? Some believe that she is an energy vampire and is able to absorb energy during the summer and give it back in winter. Others say that spruce protects from quarrels and bad moods.

However, in regions where spruce is common, they do not believe in omens.

Now there is a huge selection of seedlings on the market. Many varieties are artificially bred by breeders and are more resistant to adverse conditions.

When choosing seedlings and preparing a planting plan, the owner should take into account the climate, relief, nature of the soil and crop compatibility.

You will learn about which conifers are best to plant in your summer cottage when watching an interesting video:


Watch the video: Colorful Evergreen Garden, Walsall, UK (December 2021).