The resinous smell of fir is familiar to many since childhood, because inhalations with fir oil are often used in the treatment of colds in the respiratory tract. Not everyone knows that the fir looks very much like a spruce - both trees have a pyramidal crown with a pointed top.
For high decorative qualities: ideally dense cone, rich green color, thornless needles, pronounced aromatic and phytoncidal properties - it is fir that landscape designers like to use in garden architecture when they want to embody the idea of a "New Year tree" on the site.
But what is most valuable is that the beautiful fir has long been famous for its powerful healing properties due to the complex chemical composition of all parts of the tree used - bark, needles, seeds and roots.
- The chemical composition of the plant parts of fir
- Fir treatment - official and folk
- Contraindications for use
- Features of harvesting fir raw materials
The chemical composition of the plant parts of fir
All parts of fir are truly a storehouse of various chemical elements: essential oils, resins, vitamins, microelements. Therefore, fir is the basis of many herbal medicines. For pharmaceutical purposes, Siberian fir is most often used, the natural range of which is the northeast of the European part of Russia, as well as Eastern and Western Siberia.
Fir needles contain up to 3.5% of essential oil, on the basis of which the medicinal substance camphor is synthesized. In addition, the needles contain:
- ascorbic acid and vitamin E
- trace elements - iron, manganese, cobalt, zinc, copper
Fir seeds obtained from ripe cones are rich in vitamin E and fatty oils (up to 30%), consisting of oleic, lauric, carminic acids. The bark contains up to 13% tannins. And, what is especially valuable: resinous secretions are extracted from it - resin, which is called "fir balsam".
The gum consists of 70% resin and 30% essential oil. It serves as the basis for the production of turpentine, resins and alcohol.
In the woody parts of the fir, more than 4% of essential oil was found, containing up to 85% of camphor. The roots contain up to 8% essential oil. Fir oil of all parts of this tree contains chemicals such as:
- bornyl acetate
- santen and other components significant for human health
Fir treatment - official and folk
The action of all elements of the chemical composition of fir plant tissues determines the following beneficial properties of this plant:
- wound healing
Official medicine has an impressive list of serious diseases, in the treatment of which drugs from fir components are used as concomitant therapy:
- pneumonia, tuberculosis
- colds of the upper respiratory tract
- tonsillitis - acute and chronic
- acute respiratory viral infections
- stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontal disease
- eczema, psoriasis, furunculosis, diathesis
- rheumatism, sciatica, arthrosis, osteochondrosis
- prostatitis, cystitis
- depression, neurosis
In addition, they are used for hypovitaminosis, increased fatigue, decreased immunity, in anticancer therapy and herbal medicine. In folk medicine since ancient times, with the help of home remedies from fir needles, crushed bark and cones, colds, pulmonary, skin and rheumatic diseases were treated. And today, folk recipes are very popular due to their effectiveness.
With an inflammation of the throat and oral cavity, a coniferous broth is prepared: 250 grams of raw materials are poured with a liter of boiling water and boiled for 7-10 minutes. Then it is filtered and used for rinsing 2-3 times a day. The same decoction can be used to apply pain relieving compresses for arthritis and osteochondrosis. Siberian fir cones have always been used to relieve joint pain.
Several cones are poured with boiling water in a basin and the legs are warmed up over the healing steam, covering them with a dense cloth. Wet eczema at home is treated with a specially prepared ointment: 30% of fir oil is thoroughly mixed with 70% of goose or badger fat (you can use baby cream). The ointment is applied 2-3 times a day to the affected area for two to three weeks, and compress paper is applied on top.
Contraindications for use
Before using fir preparations, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
Attention. It is important to remember that camphor excites the nervous system and stimulates the heart. In addition, fir oil has a cumulative effect. The use of fir medicines is absolutely contraindicated in the following cases:
- with individual intolerance
- with a tendency to seizures
- with epilepsy
- peptic ulcer of the gastrointestinal tract
- during pregnancy
- when treating small children
It is impossible to combine the treatment with fir oil with the simultaneous use of alcohol and for another 2 days after the end of the course.
Features of harvesting fir raw materials
Fir buds, needles, spruce branches (young branches) and bark are harvested as raw materials. The buds are harvested in early spring, spruce branches - in late spring - early summer, bark - at any time. Interesting. The concentration and qualitative composition of fir oil in the needles of a tree vary throughout the year.
Most of the essential oil in the needles accumulates in late spring and during the end of the growing season. And the maximum content of bornyl acetate (the most important medicinal element) in it occurs at the end of autumn - the beginning of winter. Therefore, young needles are harvested 2 times a year. The beautiful healer fir is a real gift to people from nature.
Video about the benefits of fir for the body: