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How to plant a nut: everything on the shelves

How to plant a nut: everything on the shelves


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Walnut is a large, fast-growing thermophilic tree with a tent-shaped crown. In the country garden, walnuts are valued not so much for their exoticism, but for the excellent taste of healthy fruits.

Kernels contain proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, amino acids, and minerals. Breeders have bred zoned varieties with restrained growth, which come into fruiting in 5-6 years. Acclimatized crops of this plant are usually fast-growing, winter-hardy enough and have good fruit quality.

Content:

  • Walnut - from a nut or from a graft?
  • Best grafting for walnut
  • Sleeping eye budding: how it's done

Walnut - from a nut or from a graft?

Every gardener would like to feast on and treat with nuts from a tree grown on their own plot. It is very tempting to take and sow the nuts-seeds you like somewhere in the corner of the garden. But when multiplying by seeds in a walnut, a change in maternal properties occurs in the offspring, and, most often, for the worse.

Therefore, a tree with the same qualities is unlikely to grow from a sown nut. Walnut seedlings are only suitable as a base for grafting a varietal plant adapted to local climatic conditions.

Important: Only grafting allows you to preserve and transfer valuable varietal characteristics of walnuts by inheritance. It is not always possible to buy seedlings already grafted in nurseries and immediately plant them in a permanent place. But connoisseurs of delicious fruits have a way out - they themselves can grow a walnut of the desired variety by grafting on a grown seedling or on an adult low-value walnut tree.

Best grafting for walnut

The ABC of grafting wisdom helps a novice gardener understand the terms: what is grafted onto is a stock, what is grafted onto is a graft. First, seedlings are grown - stock. For this, nuts are sown in autumn or March after stratification to a depth of 7-8 cm.

Normal care - weeding, loosening, watering, mulching. You can already graft to annual seedlings. The root of the nut is deep, immediately in the first years it grows twice as long as the ground part. Therefore, a painless transplant of a seedling to a permanent place is possible only at the age of three years. Walnut, like any fruit tree, can be grafted in various ways:

  • budding (from Lat. "oculus" - eye) - inoculation with an "eye", that is, one kidney
  • copulation ("copulo" - connect) - grafting with one or more cuttings

The most common, easiest and most effective type of grafting for walnuts is summer budding. But he has a limitation: budding is possible only if the branches of the stock have a diameter of no more than 15 mm. In the case of thicker branches, you will have to do copulation - grafting with a cuttings for the bark or splitting. But then, to carry out these activities on an adult tree, preliminary preparation is needed - pruning its crown and (or) rootstock branches.

Summer budding is done from mid-July to late August - by this time the shoots and buds of the current season have time to mature, the sap flow is most intense, and the bark on the stock peels off easily. Cuttings for scion about 30 cm long are harvested immediately before the procedure from high-yielding pure-bred non-aged walnut trees.

Sleeping eye budding: how it's done

The meaning of this method is that a scutellum is cut off from the bark of the rootstock and a strip of bark with a bud of the same size is inserted in its place, just cut from the cuttings of the selected variety. Prepare for the procedure in much the same way as for a surgical operation:

  • the special eyepiece knife must be sharpened and clean to avoid infections
  • the operating field of the scion is cleaned of dust with a clean damp cloth
  • keep a special band at the ready for "dressing"

The budding technique consists of several sequential steps:

  1. At the rootstock on internodes, a section of bark 2.5-3 cm long is cut along the shoot, without touching the wood. Half of it is cut off and the remaining tongue is folded back.
  2. A healthy, well-ripened axillary bud is chosen on the prepared cuttings - a "sleeping" eye, which will be the scion. From the bark of the cutting, a shield with an eye and a petiole 5 mm long is cut off the same size, for which it is convenient to hold.

Important. The strongest mature buds are usually located in the middle of the shoot. On the rootstock under the tongue at the bottom of the cut, insert a scion shield. At the same time, at least one edge of the engrafted shield should closely adjoin the rootstock bark cut. The attached shield is pressed and tied tightly with tape or plastic wrap, leaving the kidney open.

Experienced gardeners often advise taking a black tape to attract infrared rays to the wound surface, given the thermophilicity of the nut. If after 3-4 weeks the shield grows together with the stock, the garden surgeon can be congratulated -
the vaccination was successful.

Important. To prevent the sun from drying out the graft, budding is best done on the north side of the seedling or branch. The bud takes root, and the next year, waking up after overwintering, gives rise to the shoot of the desired variety. In early spring, even before the buds awaken, an oblique cut of the branch of the mother plant is made above the grafting site.

All "wild" growth on the stock is constantly removed. It is a very fascinating and pleasant story to watch how from a small defenseless bud, grafted with our own hands, a fruit-bearing tree grows, bringing benefits and pleasure to people.

Video on the correct grafting of a nut with cuttings:


Watch the video: How To Grow Walnut Trees By Planting Walnuts (May 2022).


Comments:

  1. Garamar

    Are you, by any chance, not an expert?

  2. Rafik

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  4. Maladal

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  6. Brenn

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  7. Garson

    Are you, by any chance, an expert?



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