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Of the many deep-sea floating plants, floating pondweed is gaining particular popularity. The floating pond will become not only a real decoration of the cottage reservoir, but also an assistant in the fight against some diseases.
- Rdest floating: description
- How to grow properly
- Use in traditional medicine
- Collection and procurement of material
Rdest floating: description
Floating pondweed belongs to perennial aquatic plants of the Pdestovy family. Other names for this plant are also known: water cabbage, float, float. The rhizome is tuberous, thickened, and the stems are rounded, small-branched, about 60-150 cm high. The leaves are floating, oval in shape with pointed ends.
The structure is dense and leathery with arcuate veins. The color of the leaves is brownish green. When the shoots die off, they fall to the bottom and begin to decompose, turning into silt. Flowering begins in summer. The flowers of the pondweed are bisexual, pale green in color and are collected in ring-shaped or cylindrical inflorescences. The perianth is absent.
Pollination of flowers can occur in two ways, depending on the location of the inflorescence. If they rise above the water, then they are pollinated by the wind, and if they are located on the surface, then they are pollinated in the water.
Reproduction can occur vegetatively or by seeds. The fruit is shaped like a nut and can spread over long distances because it does not sink in water. Rdest grows in fresh or slightly salted water bodies. It can grow even in conditions of low temperature and insufficient light. For the winter, the plant dies off, only the rhizome remains.
In the spring, after the snow has begun to thaw, the green mass grows. This plant is very suitable for home reservoirs, as it can reproduce on its own. On a large summer cottage pond floating pond looks great at depth and gives it a natural look.
How to grow properly
In home aquariums, pdestine is practically not found, since it forms a "carpet" on top and it is impossible to assess the external attractiveness. In a home pond, water cabbage is a good refuge for fish. In addition, it enriches water with oxygen very well. When growing, special knowledge is not required.
For good plant growth, it is necessary to observe the temperature regime. The water should be within 23-30 degrees, acidity should be about 8.0, hardness - 15. For the plant to take root, clay must also be present in the reservoir. The soil for growing pondweed should be fertile and rich in organic matter.
In order to avoid overgrowth, it is recommended to lower the pond to the bottom together with the pot. This method of growing will allow you to control the overgrowth of the pond and, if necessary, remove excess leaves. The plant can be propagated by seeds and shoots. When using seeds, roll up the planting material in clay, and then immerse no more than 1 m on the bottom. When propagating by shoots, attach a small weight to them, which will hold the cuttings at the bottom.
Vegetative propagation should be done in spring or summer. If a rhizome is used for reproduction, then it must be cut into 2-3 parts and laid out in pots with peat. In the future, they are placed in a container, which is placed at a depth. The composition of the soil for the container is as follows: clay and coarse sand in 1 part, leaf earth - 2 parts, silt - 4 parts.
Use in traditional medicine
Kale contains various beneficial substances, which is why it is often used in folk medicine. The composition includes a carotenoid, tannins and aromatic substances, flavonoids, alkaloids. It should be noted that the composition of pdestine has not been fully studied, therefore, it is undesirable to use it during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
In this way, unpleasant consequences can be prevented. The plant has anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and hemostatic effects, thanks to its useful components.
Decoctions and infusions based on floating pondweed help with diseases of the digestive system, which are accompanied by colic, cramps, and diarrhea. To prepare the infusion, you need to grind 5 g of dry grass and pour a glass of hot water. Leave to infuse for 2 hours. Take orally a tablespoon three times a day. The infusion has worked well for diarrhea.
Infusions can be applied externally for abscesses, boils, lichen. Compresses can be applied to sprains, dislocations or fractures for 10-15 minutes every day. Infusions can be used to wash open wounds and treat burns. The plant can be used as a sedative, as well as with a lack of ascorbic acid. The rhizomes of floating pondweed can be eaten, since it contains starch.
Collection and procurement of material
The quality and severity of the healing properties of the plant depends on the correct collection of material. Pondweed leaves are harvested in the summer. After collection, they are well washed and cleaned of dirt. Then put in the shade and leave to dry.
After several days, transfer the collected material to a paper container, pack it and leave it to be stored in a dry and dark place. The room temperature should range from 20-24 degrees. You can store the grass in this form for no more than one year.
Rdest floating on video: