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Fences made of ornamental plants in personal plots always look unusually picturesque. Evergreen fences made of coniferous trees, in particular, juniper, look especially impressive.
- The merits of juniper hedges
- Planting a hedge
- Juniper care
- Hedge trimming
The merits of juniper hedges
Junipers (a genus of the Cypress family) have more than 70 species - from creeping shrubs to large trees. Landscape designers willingly use these popular conifers in group compositions, in a solo version, and as decorative fences. To create a living border of garden plantings, various varieties of common, Virginian or Cossack junipers are most often taken.
The color of juniper hedges, depending on the color of the needles, can be juicy green, and light, and golden yellow, and gray. Junipers are not only beautiful - they are also unpretentious, durable, frost-resistant and not capricious to care for. A high-quality juniper fence is capable of performing many functions:
- hide the territory from nosy neighbors
- mark the boundaries of individual zones of the personal plot
- ennoble its landscape with a decorative background
- enrich the air with coniferous aroma and phytoncides
- to revive the monotonous colors of the winter garden
- improve soil composition and prevent slope shedding
A hedge can take many forms. It depends on the wishes of the owner, on the type and variety of juniper and planting density. Borders and medium-high fences are made of shrubby junipers, and tall living (as they say, "cypress") walls are made of tree-like ones.
Coniferous hedges can be cut or left free to grow. Uncropped lines look more relaxed, cropped ones are good due to strict forms.
Planting a hedge
It is better to buy conifer seedlings in a local nursery - there they are already acclimatized and adapted to the conditions of the area. Young plants of medium size are preferred as they take root better. Subsequently, the formation of the root system and the closure of the crowns are easier.
When transported in pots or containers, the roots of the seedlings are better preserved. When buying dug out seedlings, you need to make sure that their root system is intact and that there is a moist earthy coma. Important. A juniper hedge must receive a sufficient amount of sunlight, otherwise the bushes will be loose and lose their decorative effect.
Only some varieties of common juniper tolerate light shading. The best planting time is spring, before bud break. The planting season can be extended until July if the pets are delivered to the site in containers.
Autumn planting is also allowed - but only until mid-September, so that the plants have time to take root by the winter period. The process of creating a single-row hedge consists of several stages.
The area under the living fence is pre-dug up and freed from weeds. Marking is done with a cord and pegs. A trench is dug along it, up to 70 centimeters deep and 40 centimeters wide more than the diameter of the seedling earthen clod.
Planting should be close enough so that the crowns close in the third year, but the plants do not subsequently suffer from a lack of moisture. Therefore, they are planted at a distance of at least 50 cm from each other. It is recommended to make the distance between the tree-like forms of juniper no more than one meter, otherwise the "adult" hedge will look like an alley.
Drainage from gravel, broken brick or expanded clay is poured at the bottom of the trench. On top, add compost with a mound, mixed with the removed soil. They put the seedling in the center of the pit, evenly spreading the roots on a mound, and cover it with fertile soil. The base of the seedling and the root collar should be at or slightly higher than the soil level. Gently, so as not to cut off the roots, compact the soil with a toe to the plant.
They give abundant watering - up to two buckets of water for each instance. The trunk circle is mulched with peat or rotted sawdust to prevent the soil from drying out and maintain an optimal temperature regime in it. Compact and non-spreading varieties of junipers can be planted in a two-row way, in a checkerboard pattern for a greater hedge density.
Junipers are quite unpretentious, but they love light and moist, loose soil. In the first time after planting, pets especially need regular watering. In extreme heat, it is advisable to "wash" the plants by sprinkling once a week. Mature plants do not require regular feeding. Young ones can be fed in early spring by introducing nitroammofoska (30 g per 1 square meter).
Weeds should be constantly removed from the "foot" of the living fence. Weed grass enters with cultivated plants in competition for moisture and nutrition, so the hedge runs the risk of losing its decorative effect. The strong rays of the spring sun, reflected from the snow cover, can damage the tender young needles. Therefore, it is advisable to cover young animals with burlap from possible burns.
In order for the hedge to be dense, with a crown lowered to the ground, its constituent plants must receive sufficient light, moisture and nutrients. The most suitable time for a haircut is spring, before bud break, that is, the beginning of the phase of active growth of shoots.
Conifers with strong shoots are pruned even in August, no later, allowing the cuts to heal before winter. Junipers generally grow rather slowly, the initially spectacular crown does not require special refinement with a haircut. Therefore, the first pruning after the first year of planting is light, neat, on the sides.
The tops of the plants are cut off constantly when they reach the desired height. This procedure produces strong lateral shoot growth which helps to fill in gaps and gaps in the row. To do this, a rope is pulled on pegs at the desired height. Use regular garden shears to trim young hedges. More powerful special tools will be needed later.
A durable juniper fence is not only a picturesque marking of the boundaries of your own territory. An evergreen fragrant hedge really lives - it grows, blooms, is decorated with fruits, changes shades. Created once and does not require complex care, it will delight more than one generation with its decorative effect.
Juniper hedge video: