The princess or arctic raspberry is a perennial plant from the Pink family. The main value of this culture lies in the aromatic fruits that taste like pineapple, and the external structure of raspberries.
- Botanical description of the common princess
- Growing conditions in the garden and care measures
- The main methods of breeding
Botanical description of the common princess
The common princess is a herbaceous perennial plant with a long creeping rhizome. The depth of its occurrence can leave from 15 to 25 cm. The total height of the plant is no more than 20 cm. The leaves of the princess are trifoliate, slightly wrinkled, in appearance they resemble raspberry leaves. The flowering period is late June - early July. Flowers are pink, single, up to 2 cm in diameter.
The flowering period for the princess is quite extended, and can last for a month. The fruits begin to ripen at the end of August.
The princess berry is a drupe, consisting of 25-50 small fruit fruits. In appearance, it is very much like a raspberry berry. Fruit color varies from deep raspberry to dark purple with a slight bluish bloom. The berries are characterized by a sweet and sour taste with a characteristic aroma.
The aboveground part of the prince is renewed annually, and new shoots grow from the buds located on the roots. Currently, there are varietal forms of this plant. As a result of crossing, a hybrid of a princess and a raspberry was obtained, which was named nectar raspberry.
Growing conditions in the garden
Loose soils of peat or sandy origin with an acidic or slightly acidic reaction are suitable for growing this berry. The princess prefers slightly shaded, constantly humid places with fertile soils. She feels best under the shade of trees or in the shade of buildings.
It is desirable that direct sunlight falls on it only in the evening or morning hours. When preparing the soil for planting the princess, well-rotted manure or compost, peat, or, in its absence, land taken from under the spruce is introduced for digging. Also, on poor soils, superphosphate and potassium salt are additionally introduced.
A bed for planting is laid about 1 meter wide. Shortly before planting, for the purpose of disinfection, it is spilled with a pink solution of potassium permanganate. Plants are planted in an ordinary way at a distance of 25 cm from each other. The row spacing must be at least 80 cm.
Caring for the princess consists in the systematic removal of weeds, loosening the soil and watering. Also, annually it is necessary to mulch the surface of the beds with peat or well-rotted manure.
The main methods of breeding
The princess can be propagated both by seed and vegetative way. To obtain plants that have inherited varietal maternal traits, the division of the bush or the deposition of root suckers is most often used.
The seeds of the meadow very quickly lose their germination, so they are sown immediately after collection. They are also rather tightly similar and therefore require preliminary stratification. Because of these difficulties, the seed breeding method of the princess is practically not used.
It is much faster and easier to divide overgrown bushes. Bushes growing in one place for many years can have up to 200 shoots growing from one common root system. During division, it is necessary to ensure that each unit of the future planting material has a piece of the root system sufficient for further development and several full-fledged shoots.
The best time for reproduction of the princess by dividing the bush is early spring or early autumn. You can propagate the princess by root cuttings. For this, the roots of the plant are dug up in the fall, and future vegetative material is cut from them. The length of these segments should be no more than 10 cm.
Also, each of them must have a sufficient number of viable kidneys. They are planted in the ground immediately after dividing. The planting depth of the segments leaves no more than 4-5 cm. With a successful wintering next year, young shoots will develop from them.
In garden culture, wild plants of the princess can also be used. For this, in the spring or autumn period, planting material is harvested in the natural places of growth of this species, which is then planted in the garden.
The value of the princess lies not only in tasty and fragrant fruits, but also in its decorative appearance. It can be very successfully used for landscaping shady places and when creating various curbs and paths.
The prince is a rather unpretentious and undemanding culture, if necessary, it is quite simple to grow it in your garden. Its berries have high taste characteristics and can be successfully used in the preparation of many dishes. For long-term storage, they can be successfully frozen.
Video about the cultivation and proper planting of the princess: