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How to grow lumbago in the garden

How to grow lumbago in the garden


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Lumbago is a plant from the buttercup family that appears as soon as the snow melts. Lumbago is surrounded by legends and beliefs, according to which he has magical powers.

The plant has healing properties, it is used in folk medicine, as a sedative. The beauty and unpretentiousness of the flower attracts many gardeners who grow it on their backyards.

Content

  • Characteristics and types of plants
  • Growing from seeds
  • Landing in open ground
  • How to care for a plant
  • Backache in landscape design

Characteristics and types of plants

Lumbago is a herbaceous plant that blooms with large flowers, similar to bells. Up to 50 buds can form on one bush. Lumbago is a perennial. Having planted it once, you can admire its delicate flowers that appear in early spring for the next ten years. The lumbago is listed in the Red Book. There are several types of this flower:

  • Common lumbago
  • Spring
  • Alpine
  • Golden
  • Disclosed
  • Ayansky
  • Golden
  • Chinese
  • Lugovoi
  • Yellowing

There are about 40 species in total. The flowering period of the lumbago starts from the end of April and lasts until June. Straight stems stretch towards the sun, their length is from 3 to 45 cm, depending on the variety.

The stem, leaves and petals are covered with the most delicate down, which protects the plant from cold and frost. The flower shape is cupped and bell-shaped with six petals. The lumbago has a different color:

  • yellow
  • red
  • purple
  • white
  • lilac

In nature, only a gentle blue tint is found. In garden conditions, you can plant flowers of different ootenki. For breeding in garden conditions, Common, Red and Opened Lumbago are more suitable. They are unpretentious and do not require special conditions for successful growth. But Alpine, Golden and Spring require a special approach. It is much more difficult to grow them. The plant has many names:

  • snowdrop
  • sleep-grass
  • pulsatilla

The flower grows in Siberia, Europe, the Caucasus. The center of speciation is considered to be Altai.

Growing from seeds

The lumbago is grown from seeds. Planting material is purchased at the store. You can harvest the seeds yourself after they are fully ripe. This happens in July. Seeds are good for two to three years, but it is better to give preference to fresh, recently harvested. Sowing begins at the end of February or in March. Before planting, the seeds are soaked in Epin's solution for two hours.

The solution is intended for garden plants, its action is to stimulate growth. Seeds are planted in transparent containers. The soil for flowers is chosen from sandy loam. The planting material is laid out on the surface of the soil, slightly pressing into it. There will be enough depth of 1 cm. Sowing is necessary to ensure better germination.

For full development, it is required to create the proper temperature: good illumination, up to 27 degrees, and high humidity. The first shoots should appear within two weeks. As soon as three leaves sprout, the flower is planted in separate containers. The pick is made in a deep container, since the roots of the plant are long.

At the end of summer, flowers are planted in open ground. For the winter, they are covered with spruce branches in case of a snowless winter. Planting must be protected from winter moisture. The plant will release flowers in the second spring. And an adult lumbago is considered three years after landing in open ground. For ten years, it can delight gardeners with its lush flowering.

Landing in open ground

For lumbago it is better to choose sunny places. But it should be borne in mind that, despite the fact that this is a light-loving flower, it will be hard for him in the sun. It is necessary that the place for flowers is not completely open and shaded at times. On open soils, the aerial part of the bush will die off by mid-summer, and if the plant is in partial shade, it will remain until autumn.

The soil should be:

  • sandy
  • loose
  • moisturized
  • drained

The soil should first be well processed, loosened and fertilized. For fertilization use:

  • lime
  • nitrogen
  • potassium
  • phosphorus

The plant can do great without fertilization. Lumbago is able to grow on poor sandy soil. The distance between flowers is between 30 and 50 cm.

How to care for a plant

Lumbago is an unpretentious plant. Watering it is required only if the season is dry. The plant need not be fertilized. But it should be borne in mind that lumbago is often lacking in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium.

Blooming lumbago in the video with comments:

In order for the plant to bloom in lush color, the faded inflorescences should be removed from time to time, without waiting for the seeds to ripen in them. But if planting material is required, you need to leave the inflorescences until the seed ripens.

Protective procedures against pests and diseases can be omitted. Lumbago has a high resistance to ailments, as a rule, pests do not start on it. It will be enough to weed the plant when weeds appear, mulch the soil using peat and humus.

Backache in landscape design

With the help of a lumbago, you can decorate the garden area. The plant is widely used in landscape design. Both group and single plantings of flowers will be successful. The lumbago is planted on rocky hills, in gravel gardens, among alpine plants. It is better if the flowers are located in the southern part of the garden.

Flowers are planted against the background of tall bushes, conifers. They look good next to boulders and snags. Lumbago successfully coexists with:

  • crocuses
  • Pushkinia
  • gentian
  • geycher

Flowers are planted on lawns next to rhododendron bushes. The plant should be planted immediately in a permanent place. These flowers do not stand up to transplanting. If they are transferred from one place to another, they will not take root and die. Lumbago never ceases to delight gardeners with new varieties.

These plants are easily amenable to hybridization, with the result that new species appear regularly. If different varieties grow on the same site, then as a result of cross-pollination, completely unexpected options may appear. Thus, it is better not to dwell on one type of flowers, but to choose several varieties at once.


Watch the video: How to Grow a lot of Food in a Small Garden - 9 EZ tips (June 2022).