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Blooming orchids are so beautiful and amazing that it is difficult to find a person who remains indifferent to their beauty. Each species or variety is beautiful in its own way.
This also applies to plants from the genus Vanda, which includes more than fifty species, not counting a variety of hybrids. We will try to find out what the Wanda orchid is, caring for it at home.
- Orchid Wanda
- Planting Wanda orchids at home
- Conditions for growing Wanda orchids
- Features of caring for Wanda
Under the name Wanda, several plants popular in home floriculture are combined. Wild-growing orchids from this species grow in green warm forests of Australia, Indonesia, southern China, and India. They all have similar features. First of all, orchids from this species are characterized by long hanging aerial roots.
In appearance, they look like a light green or gray-green beard. In the wild, these roots hang fancifully from the trunks and branches of trees. The stem is rounded, with narrow, belt-like leaves on it in two rows. Sometimes leaf plates in shape can resemble narrow rollers.
These orchids are referred to as the teret type. They are closer to plants - succulents. In home breeding, plants of the first type are preferable since the second type of orchid is more capricious.
The flowers of the Wanda orchid species are very different in size and color. They can be collected in inflorescences of three to five flowers or be multi-flowered. Their color is varied. The best known is Vanda corulea. This species, having blue flowers, became the main one for obtaining numerous hybrid forms.
When Wanda hybridizes with other orchids, forms are obtained that are quite adapted to home conditions. Many of the orchid lovers consider Wanda one of the finest in home gardening. However, having desires and some knowledge about this type of orchid, it is still possible to grow them.
Planting Wanda orchids at home
Choosing a Wanda orchid seedling
Success in growing any plant begins with the right choice of planting material. To plant a flower at home, you will have to go to a specialized store. When choosing a plant, you need to know that each orchid must have a tag with the name and basic information about the plant and its producers.
For home growing, it is best to choose an orchid that has been grown for at least two years in the local climate. Flowers freshly imported from tropical countries such as Thailand do not tolerate acclimatization very well. It is difficult even for an experienced florist to cope with such an orchid.
The absence of leaves in the lower part of the stem is permissible for this species, but if the stem is more than half naked, it is better not to buy the plant. The adaptation of such an instance is fraught with various difficulties. The roots can be very modest in size, more important is their even color and the absence of rot.
If the leaves are wrinkled and folded in half, then it is also better not to take such a flower. The sheet plates should be smooth and resilient. For the safe cultivation of Wanda, she needs to choose the right place and create a certain microclimate.
Conditions for growing Wanda orchids
Temperature, watering and lighting
For Wanda, the usual room temperature + 20 + 22 is quite suitable. In the summer, provided that the temperature does not drop below + 16 + 18 degrees neither at night nor in the daytime, it is best to rearrange the orchid on a balcony or loggia. In order to cause the Wanda orchid to bloom, it is desirable that the difference between day and night temperatures be about 8 degrees.
Wanda is demanding on light, but reacts poorly to direct sunlight. Optimal lighting is diffused light. From late September to mid-March, in temperate climates, the flower needs additional light.
Wanda will not grow in a dry room. It is advisable to have a special humidifier or systematically spray water in the room with the orchid. Wanda's roots are responsive to a warm long lasting soul.
Orchid substrate Wanda
The best way to grow this type of orchid is to be completely free of any substrate. Best of all, Wanda develops with bare, free roots. To do this, it is placed in special baskets or pots made of natural branches. Some growers practice growing Wanda in pieces of tree bark.
Video on the proper care of this type of orchid:
Features of caring for Wanda
For Wanda, abundant watering of the roots is of great importance. To do this, they need to be immersed in warm water for 10 to 20 minutes. The plant roots are very good for a long shower with good water pressure. Perhaps this is due to the fact that tropical showers very often occur in the natural habitats of the plant.
You need to water the shower from 15 minutes to half an hour. It is important to avoid getting water on leaves, flowers and stems when moisturizing the roots. It is advisable to arrange such a shower once every three to four days in sunny weather and once every 6-7 days in cloudy weather.
From autumn to spring, watering may be less frequent, but taking into account the work of heating, the air must be humidified. If the roots of Wanda are sprinkled with bark, then the bark should be moistened once every 5-6 days in the summer and once every 12-14 days in the winter. In addition to watering, this type of orchid needs regular feeding.
Young plants are fed by immersing the roots in a solution of complex mineral fertilizer once every 15 days, an adult orchid is fed once every 30 days. For feeding, dissolve 15 g of fertilizer in 10 liters of water. The lack of minerals will be evidenced by the meager flowering of Wanda.
It is important to avoid overheating the plant; with prolonged heat above 30 degrees, the plant may die. A dangerous pest for the Wanda orchid is a spider mite. It is important to observe the quarantine for new plants and at the first signs of a mite infestation on the orchid, wash the leaves with soap and water.
The whole care of the Wanda orchid is as follows:
- arrangement of good diffused lighting
- sufficient watering
- systematic mineral feeding
- prevention of pest infestation
- keeping the roots healthy
If everything is done correctly, then Wanda will delight you with her beautiful flowers up to three times a year.