We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Katran is a plant that is still little known in our country. Katran belongs to the cruciferous family and is a distant relative of cabbage. It is a perennial plant, the upper part of which grows back every year in the coldest regions.
- Description and application of the plant
- Reproduction of katran
- Growing conditions
- Katran care and preparation
Description and application of the plant
The aboveground part of the plant is a rosette of leaves - a dark green color, above which flower stalks up to 80 cm in height appear in summer, bearing many small white flowers. Flowering lasts up to three weeks. The roots of the katran are similar to the roots of horseradish, but less branchy, which allows him not to weed on the site.
Mature roots are dark brown. The pulp is white. In its natural form in Russia, it is found in the Crimea and the Caucasus. It began to be cultivated in these areas from about the middle of the last century. This plant has many species, but only four species are suitable for cultural use:
- steppe (Tatar)
When grown in order to obtain the greatest yield, the rod-shaped species is practically not used, giving way to three other species.
Application of katran
Another name for this plant - oriental or Tatar horseradish speaks for itself. In regions where it is widespread in its natural form, it has long been used as a seasoning for various dishes. He came to Central Russia relatively recently, thanks to enthusiastic gardeners who do not get tired of looking for new unexplored plants for their plots.
And judging by the reviews, the katran has every chance of pushing its main competitor - horseradish. Since, unlike aggressive horseradish, it does not litter the site, but grows itself in a compact bush. It also produces higher yields with the same care. Plus, katran leaves can be used in various salads as a substitute for asparagus.
In addition to being used for food, this plant also interested landscape designers, since, starting from the second year of life, it releases a whole cloud of small white flowers annually, which, in combination with a compact bush of green leaves, look very attractive. And they meet the fashionable tendency to use garden beds in the flower beds of indigenous inhabitants or to arrange decorative vegetable gardens.
Reproduction of katran
Katran is propagated in two ways: by seeds and vegetatively. The seed method of reproduction is more laborious, but at present it is used more often due to the rarity of the plant in our strip. The seeds can be found commercially or harvested from an adult plant. Stratification is a prerequisite for their germination.
Therefore, they are planted in the ground before winter around October. In order not to lose the planting of katran in the garden in the spring, you can plant seeds in a box and dig it level with the ground. Seeds can also be planted in the spring, but then they must be stratified artificially.
To do this, the soaked seeds are sown in wet sand and placed in the refrigerator for about three months, keeping the temperature around zero.
After this time, the seeds begin to germinate. Germination of katran is uneven, so germination can take quite a long time and therefore you should not rush. Plant one growth at a time as they germinate. It is recommended to plant a plant in the ground after it has 4-5 true leaves.
The next year, the plant can be harvested. Vegetative propagation involves planting root cuttings, just like horseradish propagation. These cuttings are best taken in the spring.
Sliced rhizomes are planted immediately to a permanent place. Caring for them consists in timely loosening and watering. This method of reproduction also allows you to get a harvest the next year, and the bush grows even more powerful than with seed reproduction.
Katran is a rather unpretentious plant. Its winter hardiness is high, which allows it to be grown without shelter in almost all regions, excluding the most northern ones. Soils for katran are suitable for any, with the exception of very swampy. But the best result can be achieved by growing this plant on light soils.
The best predecessors for planting katran are plants of the nightshade family, such as potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant. In one place, this plant can be grown for 5 years, then the bush is transferred to another place. Or, which is preferable to grow a new one.
When planting several katran plants, it is necessary to maintain a distance between the bushes of 60-70 cm so that adult plants do not compete for food. It is necessary to grow this plant in a sunny place, since it cannot stand shading.
Katran care and preparation
Caring for a katran consists in carrying out the following activities:
- pest control
Weeding and loosening. Especially young plantings and seedlings need this. Adult plants with weeds also successfully fight on their own, but it is better not to neglect the loosening of the soil, especially if the plantings are located on heavy and clay soils.
Watering. Regular watering is carried out only for young plants. An adult plant easily tolerates drought, which does not in any way affect its commercial qualities. Pest control. The main pest of the katran is the cruciferous flea. Control measures are similar to those used to combat this pest on cabbage.
As a rule, the roots are harvested from two- and three-year-old bushes, but annual ones can also be used. It should only be borne in mind that young roots are very poorly stored and wither quickly. The roots from an adult shrub can be stored until spring in sand boxes in the basement. Can also be stored in the refrigerator in the vegetable compartment.
Katran has every chance to take a firm place on the rows in our region due to its unpretentiousness. Its higher commercial qualities, in comparison with horseradish, will allow it to do this with ease.
Video about growing katran: