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What and how to grow mushrooms in the country on your own


Working on a land plot in summer and autumn takes a lot of time from the owners. They cannot always choose a day and go to the forest for mushrooms.

However, those who like to tinker in the beds can grow mushrooms on their own. We will try to figure out what and how to grow mushrooms in the country in the summer.

Content:

  • How to grow champignons in the summer in the country
  • Growing oyster mushrooms, shiitake in the country
  • Growing forest mushrooms on the site

How to grow champignons in the summer in the country

Champignons are one of the few types of mushrooms that are grown on an industrial scale. Almost 50% of all cultivated mushrooms in the world are mushrooms. In the wild, mushrooms are found both in the forest and in meadows and fields. These mushrooms develop well in places where livestock were previously grazed and the land contains a large amount of rotted manure.

Champignons prefer moist places with a high organic content. Taking into account the fact that they practically do not need sunlight, then it is not difficult to choose a place in the country for them. Having created a special soil, you can breed champignons under all fruit trees, tall berry bushes and even household sheds.

Soil for champignons

For the successful cultivation of champignons, you need to take care of creating a garden with a high organic content. For these purposes, it is a good idea to purchase some horse manure. If it is difficult to find it, then cow dung will do. For champignons, you first need to create a special pile into which they are placed:

  • 50 kg horse or cow dung
  • 12 kg of lime
  • 12 kg of plaster
  • 15 - 20 kg straw

If food and other organic waste has accumulated, they can also be added to the pile. All ingredients are well compacted, poured over them with water, covered with foil. The resulting pile is left for a couple of weeks. The disappearance of a sharp ammonia smell will tell you about the readiness of the soil. This usually happens after 15 to 20 days.

Preparing a bed for champignons in the country

After the soil in the heap is ready, a trench of the required width and depth of 30 cm is dug in the selected place. The trench is filled with the resulting composition. All are well watered. It remains only to populate the mycelium on the garden bed.

The mushroom or mushroom mycelium can either be purchased in the store, or found in the wild and transferred to the country. Since the cultivation of champignons has been going on for more than 100 years, it is very easy to find their mycelium on sale, which is grown in special conditions and takes root well.

The amount of mycelium required for 1 sq. m. is usually indicated on the packaging. Breeding mushrooms with such a mycelium is completely safe, which cannot be said about the use of wild-growing mycelium.

Indeed, although there are no deadly poisonous mushrooms in the wild, there are still inedible and even toxic species, for example, such as yellow-skinned mushrooms. You can prepare mycelium on your own if you manage to find a place where edible mushrooms of the following types grow:

  • white
  • field
  • two-ring
  • garden

It is necessary to carefully cut off part of the soil penetrated with mycelium filaments and transfer it to the site. The brought material is laid out on the prepared soil and covered with straw. It is advisable that the temperature outside at this time does not drop below + 20.

There is also a simple way to propagate champignons not by mycelium, but by spores. It is enough to bring the caps from the ripe fruit bodies of the mushrooms. Arrange them in a selected and prepared place. It is important that it is humid and warm enough. A few days later, they are removed.

Harvesting

If, after a couple of weeks, mycelium threads became visible on the surface, then the settlement of the site was successful. White threads should be lightly sprinkled with fertile soil and moistened. As the soil dries up, it needs to be lightly sprayed, while making sure that it does not condense from water.

If everything is done correctly, then after a month, fruiting bodies of mushrooms will appear on the surface. They are suitable for collection and consumption. Thus, it takes about 60 days to grow the first mushroom crop in the country.

Growing oyster mushrooms, shiitake in the country

Oyster mushrooms and shiitake are also among the most popular mushrooms cultivated around the world. Shiitake is not only eaten, it is used to treat and prevent a number of diseases, including cancer. Unlike champignons, these mushrooms in the wild live on trees, including dead ones.

Therefore, to grow them, you need to bring to the site several trunks of aspen, poplar, alder. The diameter of the trunks should not be less than 15 - 20 cm. The trunks should be from healthy living trees. This does not mean at all that you need to chop down a tree. Those that are broken or knocked down by bad weather will also do.

The harvested trunk is sawn into chocks, up to 0.4 m long. Over the entire surface, you need to make 10 - 20 holes, up to 4-5 cm deep and 2-3 in diameter. The holes are positioned evenly on one side. In the future, the mycelium of the mushrooms will be laid in them. Oyster mushrooms and shiitake mushrooms can be purchased at the store.

After filling with mycelium, the hole is covered with moss. If the pieces of mycelium are small, then the holes for them are needed small, and after filling them, they are simply covered with beeswax. The chocks themselves need to be dug in the shade of trees or shrubs, deepening 10-15 cm into the soil.

The place for placing the chocks should be shady and damp. Given that the mycelium on the chocks will develop for a long time, everything must be prepared in April, when the air temperature will be + 15 degrees. Even if the temperature drops sometimes, it is not scary for oyster mushrooms and shiitake mushrooms.

It is important to moisturize the chocks throughout the entire period. The mushroom grows for about two months, and in 90 days the first harvest can be expected. Lumps inhabited by oyster mushrooms or shiitake mushrooms can bear fruit from 3 to 6 years. A similar technology can be used to grow forest mushrooms.

Growing forest mushrooms on the site

To grow forest mushrooms in the country, you need to take into account such a phenomenon as mycorrhiza. It means that for a successful harvest, the presence of one or two forest trees on the site is important. Porcini mushrooms successfully cohabit with oaks, pines, birches. For boletus and boletus, trees of the corresponding species are needed.

From the trunk circle of a tree with a diameter of 1.0-1.5 m, carefully remove the top layer of soil at a depth of 10-15 cm. Sprinkle everything with a layer of compost of 2 cm. Purchase mycelium in the store and lay out its pieces on top of the compost. This is done so that the packaging is enough for one tree. The mycelium is closed with removed soil.

After that, 50 g of sugar is dissolved in a bucket of water and 2-3 buckets should be poured under one tree of such a mixture. Pour the mixture carefully so as not to wash out the soil. In the year of planting, the mycelium of forest mushrooms does not require special care. A layer of straw, moss, laid under the tree will help to preserve moisture and protect it from drying out.

The harvest of forest mushrooms can be expected only next year. With the onset of summer, the planting site should be regularly moistened. This is especially important when there is no natural rainfall. If everything is done correctly, then soon the fruiting bodies of white or other forest mushrooms will appear on the surface of the earth.

For another three to four years, they will grow in this place every summer. Then you need to repeat the process of populating the site with mycelium. In addition to the above methods, you can try to grow mushrooms in a simple way through spores. To do this, the caps of edible mushrooms must be laid out on a moist fertile plot of land.

Large caps can be broken into pieces. After a few days, the remnants of the caps are removed. And the place where they lay is carefully and regularly moistened. The next year, watering is continued, and in the middle of summer, those mushrooms, whose caps have been laid out, should appear in this place.

Video about growing mushrooms at their summer cottage:


Watch the video: Outdoor Mushroom Beds- The Easiest Way to Grow Edible Mushrooms in Your Garden or Back Yard! (December 2021).