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Houseplants shade-tolerant: popular types and their description

Houseplants shade-tolerant: popular types and their description



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Many indoor plants need lighting for good growth and development. Novice growers should know this.

Content:

  • The main types of shade-tolerant plants
  • Tradescantia: description and characteristics of the plant
  • Clivia: description of a flowering plant
  • Spathiphyllum: plant characteristics
  • Calathea: description and varieties
  • Fittonia: a description of a houseplant

The main types of shade-tolerant plants

Shade-tolerant plants, even with a lack of lighting, do not lose their decorative effect. In order for them to fully develop, from time to time they need to be in a bright place, avoiding direct sunlight. There are the following types of indoor plants that can grow in the shade:

  • Curly
  • Blooming
  • Deciduous

With the help of vines or curly flowers, you can decorate a wardrobe, a bookcase, a wall. Popular types of climbing plants are:

  • Ivy
  • Scindapsus
  • Tradescantia
  • Creeping Calisia
  • Epipremnum
  • Philodendron climbing
  • Peperomia

A large number of indoor flowering plants can grow in the corner of the room or on the north windows. Shade-tolerant plants bloom in partial shade. Plants do not bloom in full shade or very little bloom. Of the flowering plants that grow well in the shade, the following types can be distinguished:

  • Anthurium
  • Clivia
  • Vriezia
  • Begonia
  • Spathiphyllum
  • Gardenia
  • Saintpaulia

Such plants should be placed on the east or west side of the window. To decorate a window sill or balcony with beautiful and luxurious flowers, it is necessary to create favorable conditions for them. Decorative deciduous plants will help smooth out sharp corners or close them altogether. There are a large number of deciduous houseplants that differ in leaf size, shape and shade.

Common deciduous houseplants:

  • Aucuba
  • Calathea
  • Arrowroot
  • Nephrolepis
  • Aglaonema
  • Fittonia
  • Maidenhair

When choosing such plants for shaded areas, it should be borne in mind that flowers with white-green leaves require more lighting than plants with bright green leaves.

Tradescantia: description and characteristics of the plant

This is a perennial vine that belongs to the Kommelinov family. A short plant with creeping and sometimes straight shoots. The decorativeness of the plant is given by bright green shoots that hang down in a dense cascade. The leaves have parallel streaks. Depending on the species, the leaves can have different colors: green, painted with purple, white, yellow stripes.

Common varieties of room tradescantia: striped, riverine, white-flowered, virgin, hairy, etc. Tradescantia looks good in pots, pots or hanging baskets. To maintain the decorative appearance of the plant, it is necessary to spray, water and feed. Tradescantia is often used as an ampel and ground cover plant.

Clivia: description of a flowering plant

Clivia is an indoor flowering plant that belongs to the Amaryllis family. The plant has no bulb. Instead, the flower has a thick rhizome. The plant has no stem. The leaves are paired, dark green in color and resemble a sword in shape. In length, they can reach 70 cm, but they grow very slowly.

The following types of indoor clivia are found:

  1. Clivia lovely (light red flowers)
  2. Clivia noble (red flowers)
  3. Clivia variegated (yellow, white, dark red flowers)
  4. Clivia cinnabar (red flowers with a yellowish tinge)

In spring, a peduncle is formed in the form of an arrow, which is 20-40 cm long. There are about 30 buds on this arrow, which form a lush umbrella. Flowers in the form of a bell and their diameter is 15-20 cm.Buds bloom sequentially. This is a poisonous plant, so it is not recommended to place it on windowsills in a children's room, as well as in places where pets can climb.

Spathiphyllum: plant characteristics

Spathiphyllum is a perennial ornamental plant of the Aroid family. This plant has no stem, but a short rhizome from which leaves grow. A flower in the form of an ear, which is surrounded by a white veil.

Occasionally, green blotches can be seen on them. Flowering occurs in spring and lasts about 3-4 weeks.

The leaves grow from a rhizome, oval or lanceolate with a vein in the middle. In length, they are 30-40 cm. These plants are quite popular with flower growers, not only because of the beauty of the leaves, but also the flower. In addition, spathiphyllum is not picky about care.

Calathea: description and varieties

Calathea is a perennial plant of the Marantovaya family. The plant can reach 85 cm in length. The shoots are underground, the leaves are oblong, about 30 cm long. The color of the leaves is emerald, they have stripes, spots and other patterns. The shade of the leaves can be different: amber, bloody, brown, purple. Varieties of calathea:

  • Crocata
  • Makoya
  • Medallion
  • Zebrina
  • Lancifolia
  • Saffron

Unlike other plants, calathea leaves rise slightly in the evening and go down in the morning. If you observe the plant, you will notice this amazing feature.

Fittonia: a description of a houseplant

Fittonia is a houseplant of the Acanthus family that attracts with patterned leaves. It is an ornamental perennial plant that can be used to decorate any room. The stems of the plant are brown and thin, but dense. The oval leaves have white, pink and red streaks. The flowers of the plant are small and inconspicuous, with a yellowish tint.

Depending on the type of Fittonia, the leaves can have a variety of shades: green, pink, purple, white, red, etc. When growing Fittonia, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for the plant. The room temperature should be around 22-25 degrees. If the indicator is below 18 degrees, then the plants will begin to shed their leaves.This plant is quite difficult to grow at home, as it needs high humidity.

Video about a beautiful indoor flower - Fittonia:


Watch the video: What to Plant in Full Shade - Hostas, Ferns u0026 More! (August 2022).