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The best flowers for the garden: perennials, their types and planting

The best flowers for the garden: perennials, their types and planting



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All gardeners dream that their site at any time of the year looks aesthetically pleasing and attractive. Perennials are precisely those plants that will decorate the garden for several years in a row and do not require special care. Let's try to figure out which of the perennial flowers is best to plant in the garden.

Content:

  • How to choose perennials for the garden
  • Perennials blooming in spring
  • Growing summer and autumn perennials
  • Caring for perennials in the garden

How to choose perennials for the garden

Currently, all gardeners are faced with the choice of plants for landscaping their site. The modern assortment of perennial herbaceous plants is such that it is very difficult to dwell on certain species and varieties. As a rule, all site owners strive to ensure that the first flowers appear immediately from under the snow, and the last ones bloom right up to the snow.

In terms of flowering time, all garden perennials can be conditionally divided into groups:

  • blooming in spring, they bloom even when the snow just melts and bloom until the end of the first decade of May
  • spring-summer, these bloom from mid-May and bloom until mid-June
  • summer, flowering period from mid-June to mid-August
  • autumn, bloom at the end of summer and bloom until frost

All these plants, depending on the flowering time, have a lot in common both in preparation for planting, and in growing, and in care. For example, all plants that bloom first are best planted in autumn, but summer and autumn perennials can be planted both in autumn and spring. All perennials that begin to bloom as soon as the snow melts have a fairly modest size, dim and inconspicuous flowers.

But summer and autumn perennials are very diverse. Among them there are both miniature forms and tall plants. And the number of colors of flowers, the shape of inflorescences and leaves is not amenable to accurate accounting. We will try to highlight common features for plants in each group and understand how to grow them.

Perennials blooming in spring

The earliest perennials, as a rule, have low bushes and medium-sized flowers of white, light yellow or blue color. They have a very short life cycle. They manage to get out of the dormant state in 6 - 8 weeks, build up the ground part, bloom, give fruits and go into a dormant state until next spring. Snowdrop is a typical spring perennial. The following types of snowdrops can be planted in the garden:

  • Elvis
  • Caucasian
  • snow-white
  • icarian

Despite the fact that spring perennials have many species, varieties and forms, they all have similar agricultural techniques. For snowdrops and all perennials that bloom in March - April, you need to choose places well lit by the sun and avoid heavily shaded areas.

The soil for snowdrops and all perennial primroses needs very fertile, permeable. Too dry and too wet areas are not suitable for spring flowers. Humus must be added before planting. Sand is added to too heavy soils. The planting time for the earliest perennials is not clear-cut. Most of them can be planted in spring and autumn.

Many of them can be planted in summer as well. This is due to the fact that planting material, for example bulbs, is small and cannot withstand long storage. It is advisable to choose species that do not require annual excavation. They fall into a state of rest while in the ground, where they spend the winter. This is not only a snowdrop, but also:

  • lily of the valley
  • white flower
  • Pushkinia
  • windmill
  • scaffolds

Most of the perennials that bloom in spring reproduce vegetatively. These are either bulbs or parts of rhizomes. They are planted in pre-dug and fertilized soil. A hole is made in it, commensurate with the size of the planting bulbs, or other vegetative organs. Cover the top with a layer of earth.

Cultivation is also possible through sowing seeds, but in this case, early flowering perennials will bloom only after 4 - 5 years. Self-seeding is sometimes observed. The disadvantage of spring perennials is a very short decorative period and here you cannot do without plants that bloom in summer and autumn.

Growing summer and autumn perennials

Perennial flowers in the garden, which bloom in summer and autumn, are diverse. Among them are those that reproduce:

  • seeds
  • bulbs
  • rhizomes
  • tubers
  • corms

Despite such a variety, we will try to identify those techniques that will be similar when planting and growing perennial flowers that bloom in summer and autumn. Most of the perennials grow well in full sun. Some of them also tolerate partial shade. However, they are all quite light-requiring and almost always lose their decorative effect in strong shade.

Video about perennials in the garden:

Taking into account the fact that perennials grow without transplanting in one place for 5 - 10 years, you need not only to choose rich and fertile soils, but also to additionally fertilize them before planting.

How to plant perennials that bloom in summer and autumn

The best time to plant perennials that bloom in summer and autumn and grown through seedlings is spring. Seedlings of perennial flowers are planted in open ground at the end of May - June, when the threat of frost has passed.

If vegetative parts or a divided bush are taken for reproduction, then planting can be carried out in the fall, as a rule, this is done before the soil freezes. Planting is carried out in dug and fertilized soil.

Wells are made in it in accordance with the size of the planting material. If planting is carried out in the spring, then after it the seedlings need watering and dressing immediately after rooting. In the future, the plants are looked after in the same way as for all flowering and ornamental crops.

Caring for perennials in the garden

Removing weeds and loosening the soil

Regardless of the flowering period, planting perennials should be weeded regularly. If this is not done, then weeds will not only hide all the charm of perennial plants, but also become a source of their infection. To provide air access to the underground parts of perennials, you need to regularly loosen the ground under them.

Watering and feeding

In order for summer and autumn flowers to delight the eye with bright colors, they must be watered regularly. As a rule, abundant watering once every three to four days is sufficient. If perennials are drought-resistant plants, then additional watering should be organized only in a very dry summer. To obtain a lush and long-lasting flowering, perennial flowers need to be fed once every 10 to 14 days.

It is most convenient to use liquid mineral and organic fertilizers. If you grow zoned varieties, then all preparation for winter comes down to pruning the ground parts and, if necessary, mulching the roots with a layer of peat or humus 5-7 cm thick.Perennial flowers require much less care than annuals, for which they are loved by the owners of the plots ...


Watch the video: Top 12 Perennial Permanent Flowering Plants You Can Grow In Your Garden (August 2022).