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Apple trees with unusual properties have always attracted the attention of both professional breeders and amateur gardeners. Michurin received several varieties of apple trees, which began to be called red meat. Moreover, initially the great Russian breeder did not have such a goal.
The pink pearl apple variety was obtained in the USA much later than the Michurin varieties. It can only be assumed that American breeders took advantage of Michurin's achievements and got a variety with red pulp based on his varieties. After all, Ivan Vladimirovich at one time brought out a sufficient number of varietal apple trees, the pulp of which was painted in purple tones.
- Apple-tree pink pearls, the history of the variety and its description
- How to plant and grow a pink pearl apple tree
- The use of red meat apple trees in folk medicine
Apple-tree pink pearls, the history of the variety and its description
The history of red-meat apple trees begins with the experiments of I.V. for pollination of various varieties of Nedzvetsky apple trees. These apple trees were found in the wild nature of the Caucasus and had a lot of red pigments in their tissues. Shoots, leaves at the beginning of the season and even the pulp of medium-sized fruits in this apple tree were purple in color. The original goal of the Russian breeder was to obtain frost-resistant varieties, but in the end he received a series of red meat varieties:
- Bellefleur record
- Bellefleur red
- Red standard
It should be said that Michurin red bellefleur is still considered the best variety with colored pulp. In addition to excellent taste, apples of this variety have an excellent presentation, and the tree itself can be safely attributed to decorative apple trees.
Whether the American breeder Albert Ethier was an innovator in the creation of the variety or a simple plagiarist from selection, who appropriated Michurin's achievements in breeding apple varieties with pulp colored in red and pink, this is probably no longer known. It is important that this man became the author of the Pink Pearl variety. The variety was bred in the first half of the last century in the state of California, USA.
So is Michurin. A. Ethier used the Nedzwiecki apple tree to obtain fruits with colored pulp. The pink flesh of this variety is fine-grained. The skin is yellow or green with a red or dark pink blush almost over the entire surface of the fruit.
The taste of pink pearl apples is rather tart, reminiscent of the taste of grapefruit pulp. According to the ripening period, the variety can be classified as medium - late. The size of apples can be 5 - 6 cm in diameter with a bountiful harvest and up to 10 cm with a moderate harvest. The variety is medium-sized. Usually the height of trees does not exceed 8 m.
In California, ripening begins in the second half of August and continues until October. The apple tree is quite hardy and can grow in regions with fairly cold winters without additional shelter.
How to plant and grow a pink pearl apple tree
In the United States, it is customary to grow the Pink Pearl apple trees on an industrial scale. In the conditions of our country, the variety remains amateur and is cultivated mainly by amateurs or in medium-sized farms for the sale of crops or seedlings. The main point in growing is the choice of planting material.
Here you should trust only fruit nurseries with a good reputation, since the variety is still not widespread and you can get a seedling that does not correspond to varietal characteristics. It is more expedient to acquire a seedling at the age of one or two years. The best choice, of course, would be a container with a closed root system or an earthen ball.
But if the sale is carried out with open roots, then choose a plant with well-developed roots. The length of the roots should not be less than 30 cm, the thickness of the shoot in the lower part from 1.5 to 2.5 cm.
To plant an apple tree, you need to choose a well-lit place. An important condition is the absence of groundwater at a shallow depth. The best place will be where they lie no closer than 2.0 - 2.5 m. In terms of texture, a good soil for an apple tree pink pearls will be loamy and sandy loam lands with a neutral reaction.
Slightly acidic soil is also acceptable. If the soil is heavy clay or light sandy, then such a site must be prepared for planting an apple seedling in advance. The best time to plant pink pearls apple trees is spring. In the event that a seedling is bought in the fall, then it can be dug in and kept in a dug state until spring.
Video on the correct pruning of a young apple tree:
As soon as the ground thaws to the desired depth, you can dig a planting hole for the apple tree seedling. The depth of the pit should be at least 0.6 m, and the width should be up to 0.9 -1.2 m. About a bucket of compost or humus should be poured into the pit. Put a seedling in it and straighten all the roots. Care must be taken to ensure that the tips of the roots do not bend upward.
Fill in the roots carefully, while lightly tamping the ground. When the root system is completely closed, then the soil can be tamped more thoroughly. Water the seedling with 20.0 liters of water and mulch with peat. It is important to plant the seedling so that its root collar is 5 cm above the ground. After planting, the seedling must be cut off. If the shoot is without branches, then it is cut off by 1/3.
If there are 2 - 3 branches in addition to the main stem, then all of them need to be cut to three buds. In the first years after planting, the apple tree needs formative pruning, in the future there will be enough sanitary pruning. Due to the red pulp, the fruits of the apple tree pink pearls can be used in folk medicine.
The use of red meat apple trees in folk medicine
Perhaps, in Russian fairy tales it was not for nothing that the rejuvenating apples were mentioned. Pink pearl apples contain actocyanins. It is they who give the fruit pulp a red color. Thanks to these substances, apples with red flesh have antioxidant properties and are able to slow down the aging process in the body.
The juice from these apples is an excellent immune-boosting agent. In addition, it helps to keep the small vessels in good condition. This is especially true for a disease such as diabetes. Due to its high bactericidal properties, pink pearl gruel from apple pulp can be used in the treatment of minor wounds and burns.
Sometimes, to heal wounds, it is enough just to periodically apply an apple cut to the damaged skin. Regular consumption of fresh pink pearl apples or juice from them improves visual acuity and increases the tolerance of the eyes to visual stress. Also, fresh apples will help to cope with diarrhea, and baked apples - with constipation.
A decoction of apples with red pulp will help with kidney disease. In cooking, pink pearl apples are used as a side dish for meat or poultry dishes. Due to their astringency, they emphasize rather than interrupt the taste of meat. In conclusion, we can conclude that the pink pearl apple tree is not only a decoration of the garden, but also a very useful plant. Its fruits have original taste and medicinal properties.