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Being engaged in landscaping the local area or arranging a flower garden, sometimes gardeners have a desire to give the site simplicity and naturalness. Here, various plants from the Cereals family will come to the rescue, which have long and firmly taken their place in landscape design. Of these, a sod pike or sod meadow is well suited for landscaping.
- Meadow or turfy pike description of the plant
- How to plant a turfy pike in the garden, care, the best varieties
- The use of turf pike in the garden and in medicine
Meadow or turfy pike description of the plant
Plants from the Meadows genus, the Cereals family have not only a large number of natural species, but also various varieties derived from them. This also applies to turfy pike. The plant gained popularity primarily because:
- it is unpretentious
- forms a dense hummock - sod
- growing in one place for many years
- has attractive leaves and inflorescences
- can be decorative until spring
- has many decorative varieties
- goes well with other plants
Soddy pike is a perennial plant. The average height of the bushes, depending on the variety, is from 0.2 m to 1.7 m. The leaves are narrow, rarely more than 0.5 cm in width, long, hard, folded in half along the entire length. The upper side of the leaf plate is covered with numerous rows of miniature spines directed towards the top of the leaf, increasing its rigidity.
Inflorescence - panicles, collected from almost horizontal spikelets. The length of the panicles, depending on the variety, ranges from 7 cm to 25 cm. During the flowering period, the varieties may differ in the color of the inflorescences, but when ripe, many acquire a golden wheat or bronze brown color.
Leaves, stems and roots form a sod hummock, for which the plant is called sod meadow or sod pike. In the first two years, the shoots of the soddy pike exist in a shortened state, after which a pair of internodes is formed on them, and after that a rosette of leaves of the second tier is formed. This process takes another two years.
After the plant has formed in two tiers, the flowering period begins. In most cases, it is not necessary to wait for the blooming of a pike before the age of five, sometimes flowers can be seen only in the seventh year of life. It should be said that the wild-growing species is prone to rather aggressive growth. Instead of an ornamental plant, you can get a harmful and ubiquitous weed, so it is better to choose varietal meadows for growing in the garden.
How to plant a turfy pike in the garden, care, the best varieties
Planting material for the garden can be both seeds and parts of the plant, separated from the mother bush. Given that many cultivated species are hybrid, a plant that does not look like the parent can grow from seeds, so it is best to use the method of dividing the bush for planting. The separated pieces should be about 15 cm in diameter. The best time to divide pike bushes is spring and autumn.
Lighting and soil
In order for the pike to bloom regularly and abundantly, it is better for it to choose a place well-lit by the sun, if the area is in the shade, then the pike may not bloom. The plant is adapted to grow on any soil in terms of texture, acid-base reaction and fertility. Although, if you apply a minimum amount of organic and mineral fertilizers, then on such a soil the sod meadow grows better and has a more decorative and neat appearance.
For planting, you need to dig a planting hole, a little deeper than the size of the bush requires. Place part of the bump in the hole and cover it with earth; when planting, the bump needs to be slightly deepened. Then it is good to water. Watering should be done in the first two weeks after planting. You should not transplant a sod meadow if hot weather has already set in the street with an average daily temperature above +20.
In the future, the plant requires regular watering only in very dry summers. To prevent self-seeding, you can remove the peduncles and periodically trim the hummock. If the hummock with age began to look "bald" and unkempt, then it's time to dig it up and divide it.
The best varieties for the garden would be:
- Bronzeschleier - stems taller than 1.5 m, retains a decorative appearance throughout the year
- Goldtau is a tall variety with attractive golden colored panicles
- Tardiflora - medium height up to 0.9 m, later variety
There are many more hybrid forms and varieties that harmonize perfectly with the plants in the garden.
The use of turf pike in the garden and in medicine
In the garden, the meadow man creates beautiful compositions primarily with:
Tall varieties can be grown near various vertical walls. In addition to decorative use, meadow or soddy pike are used in medicine, both in official and in folk medicine. Currently, the official medicine has recognized the antiviral activity of preparations made from soddy pike.
They effectively help to cope with viral diseases such as influenza, hepatitis. Currently, the release of a drug for the whole family called Proteflazid has been launched.
At home, you can use decoctions and infusions from a dried plant, they help well at the first signs of colds and flu, and sod pike baths will help to cope with skin problems.
Video review of the sod pike plant: