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Today, many owners are engaged in the cultivation of unusual vegetables that can surprise guests. In addition, asparagus is a fairly healthy vegetable that is appreciated by experts. But how does asparagus grow? Growing such a plant will not leave indifferent any gardener.
- When to plant, how to properly prepare the soil?
- Lighting and watering
- What should be the care immediately after planting?
- Growing and care rules
When to plant, how to properly prepare the soil?
Asparagus is also called asparagus. This plant is able to withstand extreme cold, it does not require special care for it. Asparagus is often compared in appearance to a fern. It can grow up to 1.5 meters in height. Before you start growing this crop, you should start preparing the soil. Asparagus needs fertile soil, it can also develop on sandy stones.
Soil preparation and planting differs depending on which season the crop is planted. This can be done in early spring. But planting should take place when the buds are not yet growing. Initially, fertilizer is applied to the ground. For this, ordinary humus is suitable. The roots of the plant must be laid carefully in a trench that is 30 centimeters deep.
Once the asparagus has been planted, it is worth watering. It is worth remembering that over time the bushes grow, so they need to be planted at a distance of at least 0.3 m. Between the rows there should be about 0.6 m. In a word, there should be 3-4 bushes on one square meter.
If the owner decided on an autumn planting, then you need to familiarize yourself with other rules. Initially, the area where the asparagus will be planted is well dug up, then fertilizers are applied to it. The following components must be added to the soil:
- Potassium sulphate
- Ammonium sulfate
If the asparagus is planted in the fall, then you do not need to deepen it too much. There should be hills above the landing. In this way, the root system is protected from frost. There must be a certain distance between each plant, which was mentioned above.
Lighting and watering
Before planting asparagus, you need to decide on a planting site. This should be an area that is well lit by the sun, but there should be no drafts on it. The back garden is ideal for this. Asparagus needs proper watering.
Video on how to care for asparagus seedlings:
Water it regularly in small portions. But do not flood the plants, as it does not tolerate stagnant water. But drying out will not lead to anything good. In short, watering should be moderate. After that, you must not forget to loosen the soil. This procedure should be carried out at least 7 times per season.
What should be the care immediately after planting?
The most important thing after planting is not to forget about watering, loosening and fertilizing. It is necessary to loosen the soil systematically. This should be done in the usual way. This procedure is carried out immediately after watering, as it accelerates the absorption of water into the soil. The soil must be clean and free of weeds. Therefore, as soon as they appear, they are removed.
Also, do not forget about feeding. Experienced gardeners advise one of the best techniques for asparagus. To do this, a mullein is added to the soil, which is bred in water. For 5 liters of water, 1 liter of this fertilizer is needed. The amount of solution depends on the size of the bed. Fertilize the beds in this way when 3 weeks have passed after planting.
After another 3 weeks, you need to do the next feeding. But this requires another fertilizer - bird droppings. It is also diluted with water, which should be 10 times more than the droppings. Before the first frosts are predicted, it is worth carrying out the last top dressing. This requires complex fertilizers.
Growing and care rules
In order for asparagus to enjoy its harvest, it is necessary to systematically remove weeds. If the shoots are too tall, then a support is installed for them. If the weather is dry, then it is worth increasing the watering. The fruits must be picked in a timely manner, they must not break off by themselves. In the autumn, you need to prune the stems that have turned yellow.
This should be done at a height of 3-5 cm above the ground. Asparagus is classified as a plant that is not afraid of many diseases. But, nevertheless, there are a number of diseases from which this culture suffers. Often it is affected by a dangerous fungus. It can kill the plant in just a few days. If branches begin to crumble, this may signal the presence of fungi.
This is due to the fact that the rhizome dies off. To protect the plant from such a disease, you must use the drug "Fundazol". Asparagus leaf beetles are very dangerous. They are small black beetles.
Their larvae eat the leaves, which leads to the death of the plant. They fight such pests with the help of "Fufanon", "Fitoverm" and other drugs.
Also, beware of asparagus flies. So, asparagus is an interesting plant that can delight you with tasty and healthy fruits. But it is worth knowing some of the rules for growing a crop.