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Beetroot Swiss chard, cultivation and purpose

Beetroot Swiss chard, cultivation and purpose


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The word chard gives rise to the idea of ​​an old aristocratic estate, where representatives of a noble family lived for centuries. In fact, chard is a beet, but not simple, but leafy. For some gardeners, this culture is still a novelty and you need to figure out what kind of vegetable it is, chard, growing it on the site, and its purpose in cooking.

Content:

  • How and where to plant Swiss chard
  • Chard leaf care after germination
  • Growing, caring for and using chard

How and where to plant Swiss chard

Chard or common beet is a plant from the genus Beet. The main difference between this garden plant is that the root of the chard is similar to the root of the wild beet, which is native to the Far East. The plant does not have any usual fleshy root crop. Taproot, hard. Like other types of beets, chard blooms in the second year.

This can happen if the root has survived the winter. Leaves or leaves are used for food together with petioles. Gardeners most often plant Swiss chard directly into the ground. Although you can sow it on seedlings and even grow in a pot on a windowsill. Sowing time for seedlings is the first days of April. The plant sprouts in about 21-25 days.

When the plant has a pair of true leaves, it can be transplanted into the garden bed. The positive side of the seedling method is that the plant tolerates transplanting well. Even the most inconspicuous sprouts quickly start to grow. In addition, a powerful bush grows from a tiny seedling, so you need to plant chard at a distance of 0.3 m to 0.6 m.

Sowing seeds in the ground is carried out in the spring, from early to mid-May. If the soil at a depth of 10 cm warms up to + 8, then you can sow Swiss chard. It is important to know that this crop can be sown several times per season. The second sowing is carried out at the end of June, and the third at the end of July. Seeds are planted to a depth of 2.0 - 2.5 cm.

Mangold is responsive to sunlight and heat. There are no special requirements for the quality and fertility of the soil. A well-dug land is suitable, where legumes or pumpkin crops previously grew. It is advisable to exclude sowing crops on highly acidic clay soil. Digging for 1 sq. m. make:

  • 5 kg of humus
  • 20 g ammonium nitrate
  • 10 g potassium chloride
  • 30 g superphosphate

If the soil is acidic, then the situation will be saved by 1 kg of lime per square meter. Before planting, Swiss chard seeds can be soaked in clean water for a day. Change water 3-4 times. After draining the water for the last time, the seeds should be put in a solution of potassium permanganate for 15 -20 minutes. Spill the furrow with water, then sow wet seeds into it. After three weeks, seedlings will begin to appear.

Chard leaf care after germination

Crop care after emergence consists of:

  • weeding
  • pest protection
  • loosening the soil
  • thinning seedlings

It is important to protect the shoots of chard from pests; for this, you can sprinkle the planting site with wood ash. Also, given the slow growth in the first weeks, it is important to remove the weeds and not let them clog the seedlings. You need to weed the beds in the first month every 5-7 days.

Simultaneously with weeding, the soil crust will break down and air access to the root will improve. If there is no need for weeding, then every five days you need to loosen the soil, capturing the aisles. Thinning of seedlings will be required when sowing in the ground.

This is due to the fact that 2-3 seedlings can appear from one seed. It is carried out at the stage of 2 to 5 true leaves. Immediately after thinning, the chard must be fed with a solution of nitrogen fertilizers. The measures taken will help the seedlings gain strength and lead to increased growth.

Growing, caring for and using chard

Growing chard on a plot can have two goals:

  • eating
  • decorative garden decoration

Growing beetroot for food is due to the high content of vitamins in the leaves. Chard leaves and petioles contain:

  • potassium
  • iron
  • magnesium
  • sodium

They contain a large amount of vitamins A, E, K, C. Two types are grown for food:

  • veined, also known as stem chard
  • leaf or chives - chard

Deciduous chard is more frost-resistant, its root can overwinter in the ground.
When growing chard for food, it is important to provide proper care, namely watering and feeding. Sufficient watering for this culture is necessary throughout the growing season. 2-3 waterings are enough for leafy chard, since its harvest is harvested immediately, pulling the bush out of the ground.

Petiole chard can grow all summer long. After cutting, its leaves grow back. Water it until the end of the season. With a lack of moisture, the petioles and leaves become coarse. After watering, the soil is loosened, if a crust forms on it, then it can slow down the growth of chard. In winter, the root can be preserved if the planting site is covered with a layer of peat.

Or you can carefully remove the plant from the ground and continue growing it in the room. In cooking, young leaves are used in salads and in first courses. It is very tasty to fry the leaves and petioles in a skillet.

First, onions, bell peppers and garlic are fried in oil, and then Swiss chard is added. Stew under the lid for several minutes. Stalked chard is suitable for decorative purposes. This is due to the fact that many varieties have been bred with multi-colored petioles and veins. Bright large bushes will decorate the site. To learn not only about the taste, but also about the beauty of chard, it is worth planting several plants in the spring.

Video about the beneficial properties of Swiss chard beets:


Watch the video: The benefits of multi-sowing modules showing a full stand of beetroot at harvesting stage (June 2022).