We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Levkoy is a semi-bushy plant, the height of which is 30-80 cm. Seed formation occurs only in simple flowers.
- How to sow levkoy?
- Open ground transplant
- Features of growing Levkoy
- Levkoy pests and diseases
How to sow levkoy?
To ensure long flowering of levkoy, sowing should be started in February and continued to be sown every twenty days. To prevent the plant from being damaged by the black leg, it is better to sow it in calm, not too sunny weather. A weak solution of potassium permanganate, which is poured into boxes with soil before sowing, will also help prevent damage.
When the first shoots appear, the boxes with plants must be transferred to a ventilated room, the temperature in which should not exceed ten degrees. In the process of growth, moderate watering of the seedlings should be carried out. Watering should be done only in the morning, so that the soil surface can dry out and ventilate well throughout the day.
The next stage after sowing levkoy is diving. These works should be carried out only after two seven-lobed leaves have appeared on the seedling. The containers for diving should be with a removable bottom so that the transplant can be carried out with a lump of earth. This is due to the fact that it is difficult to tolerate the transplant with levkoy and for better survival of the flower, it is better to plant it with the ground.
Open ground transplant
For transplanting, it is better to choose a windless and sunny place. The soil for transplanting can be any, but if possible, it is better that it be loamy. Before planting, the soil must be fertilized with organic fertilizing. Next, you should make holes and pour them with water. Sprouts are planted in the finished wells along with a lump of earth. The planted plant needs to be sprinkled around with earth and squeezed.
Video about the flower levkoy (mattiola):
When transplanting, a distance of thirty centimeters should be left between the plants. Levkoy seeds can be planted immediately in open ground. This should be done at the end of April. After about four leaves appear on the seedlings, thinning is carried out. At the same time, the distance between shoots should be about five centimeters.
Features of growing Levkoy
In the process of growing levkoy in pots, it must be gradually hardened. This is necessary so that in the open ground he could easily endure frost. Therefore, in the rooms where the seedlings are located, you must first open the vents, and then completely the entire window. It is advisable to transplant into open ground on a cloudy day, so that the plant can better tolerate planting.
It is very important that cruciferous plants do not grow earlier in the place where Levkoy will be planted. After all, the levka will very quickly become infected with a black leg, or a keel.
In the winter season, it is better not to feed the flower, since in winter the flower should be at rest. When growing levkoy, it is very important to maintain sterility. Flower seeds can remain viable for about six years. After the levkoy has faded, it is undesirable to plant this flower in the same place in the second year. Levkoy can be planted in this place only after three years.
Levkoy pests and diseases
Cruciferous fleas. These are multi-colored little bugs that eat holes in the pulp of leaves, or completely skeletonize them. Damaged plants die very quickly. To fight these pests, it is necessary to treat the leaves of the levkoy and the soil with ash.
Spring cabbage fly. In appearance, it resembles an ordinary housefly. Cabbage fly larvae mainly damage the root of the plant, but sometimes they can and can eat away the inner passage of the root and root collar. If the flower is severely affected by pests, then it dries up. To prevent pests from attacking the plant, you should regularly weed the cruciferous weeds.
Also during the budding period, levka should be pollinated with tobacco mixture and ash. If there are too many insects on the plant, then special chemicals will have to be used. Rape flower beetle. This is a bug whose larvae eat the pistils and stamens of the plant. As a result, damaged buds fall off and dry out.
As for the diseases of the Levkoes, they include:
- Levkoy mosaic. It is a disease that manifests itself as mosaic spots on the petals and leaves of the plant. Therefore, in order to prevent infection of all plants, the affected flowers must be completely removed.
- Blackleg. With the development of this disease, seedlings and seedlings of a flower are affected. The diseased plant thins, turns brown and can rot. For the prevention of this disease, watering should be carried out with the addition of potassium permanganate. Also, seed dressing should be carried out periodically.
- Keela cruciferous. This disease appears when a fungal infection penetrates the roots of a plant. When damaged, plant cells enlarge and growths form as a result. Even after the plants die off, the infection can remain in the soil for up to five years.