Also

Basic principles of growing potatoes according to traditional and Dutch technologies

Basic principles of growing potatoes according to traditional and Dutch technologies


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

It is hard to imagine that there was a time when potatoes were not grown neither in Russia, nor in Holland, nor throughout Europe. Even when this vegetable was brought by seafarers from the American continent, it was happily planted in flower pots and used as a houseplant. Despite the fact that the potato appeared in Europe in the 16th century, its tubers began to be massively used in food by the end of the 18th and early 19th century.

The Netherlands has now become the European legislator in potato farming. Let's try to figure out how the cultivation of potatoes using Dutch technology differs from the usual methods.

Content:

  • Traditional planting of potatoes
  • How to grow potatoes using Dutch technology
  • Dutch landing requirements

Traditional planting of potatoes

On the territory of Russia, gardeners most often use the standard technology of planting and growing potatoes on their plots. Before the start of the spring season, seed potatoes are picked up from the cellar. This is done so that the eyes on the tubers start to grow. This technique will reduce the germination rate of the tubers when they enter the ground.

If traditionally the term for planting potatoes in open ground begins in the last decade of April and lasts until the end of the first decade of June, then germination of tubers should be started from the beginning of April. Immediately before planting, the potato bed is dug up. The depth of digging is carried out on a bayonet - one and a half standard shovels.

Further, to place the tubers in the ground, either holes about 20 cm deep are filled or continuous furrows of the same depth are made. Just before planting, a small amount of ammonium nitrate is added to each well and mixed with earth. After that, the seed tubers are laid out in holes and covered with earth.

After the shoots appear above the ground, the potatoes are first weeded, and then they proceed to hilling. This technique leads to the formation of new roots and an increase in yield. In addition, hilling leads to improved gas exchange and air access to the roots. Harvesting begins after the potatoes have faded and their tops begin to dry out, you can start harvesting, digging in the bushes, and collecting tubers.

Before laying them for storage, they are dried, sorted out and laid in a cool underground or cellar for storage. These are the basic principles of growing potatoes in amateur gardens.
We will try to reveal the principles of Dutch potato growing technology.

How to grow potatoes using Dutch technology

Holland occupies more than a quarter of all planting area for potato planting and sells fresh potatoes to more than 70 countries. It is important to note that the Dutch technology is designed more for industrial volumes and mechanical tillage. However, some techniques can be implemented in garden plots as well.

Video about growing potatoes according to the Dutch scheme:

The soil for planting is plowed with a mechanical plow to a depth of about 30 cm in the autumn. Plowing is carried out with a reversible plow with the obligatory overturning of the earth layers. Here you need to pay attention to the depth of the fertile layer and adjust the depth depending on its average thickness. Otherwise, there may be a large amount of barren land on top.

After digging, the soil is loosened with a disc cultivator. In the spring, such a bed warms up and dries up faster. After that, the earth is loosened either with a mechanical milling cutter, or, in extreme cases, digging with a pitchfork, with a distance between the teeth of 2 - 3 cm.

The seed tubers must be of good quality, free from rot, and the same size. Taking into account the fact that in Holland potatoes are planted by machines, the size of the tuber is 5 - 6 cm in diameter. Regardless of the planting method, it is advisable to germinate the tubers, but the sprouts should not be longer than 5 mm. They reach this size in about two weeks after being removed from storage.

Dutch landing requirements

Dutch technology provides for a row spacing on a potato bed of at least 75 cm, this is also associated with a mechanized planting method. The number of tubers per hundred square meters depends on the variety. Early potatoes need about 500 - 600 pieces per one hundred square meters of land. The maximum number of small or cut tubers should not exceed 1000 pieces.

It is most convenient to use mechanical planters with the formation of ridges when seeding the soil. The base of the ridge is about 35 cm, the height is about 10 cm. The first weeding is carried out even before the potatoes germinate on the surface, 15 days after planting. Simultaneously with the removal of weeds, a ridge with a height of 15 -25 cm is raked up. It is most convenient to carry out this treatment with a cultivator, but it can also be done manually.

In principle, this is where the processing of potato plantings ends, with the exception of pest control. Before harvesting, all the remaining tops are mowed and removed from the site.

In order for the Dutch technology to justify itself, you need to choose the right varieties, now about 30 varieties are recommended for this growing method, for example, p are:

  • ramono
  • Auzonka
  • marfena
  • rezi
  • prior

Do not forget about the correct predecessor crops, for example, it is good to place potatoes after cereals, you also need to remember about fertilizing the soil. Perhaps not all of the technology, but only some of its principles will come in handy on amateur potato beds.


Watch the video: Dutch scientists close to breakthrough method of growing crops in deserts (June 2022).