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How to grow phlox: tips and tricks

How to grow phlox: tips and tricks


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Phloxes have long been popular with amateur flower growers. Annual plants are attracted by their special attractiveness, variety of colors, aroma and beauty. It is not difficult to grow phlox in a summer cottage, the main thing is to adhere to the recommendations for growing and caring for a flower.

Content:

  • Phlox: plant description
  • Phlox growing methods
  • Phlox care tips

Phlox: plant description

One of the brightest representatives of the Blue family are phloxes. These are tall, erect shrubs that can reach a height of 1.5 meters. Different varieties of phlox bloom at different times. Phlox leaves are oval or ovoid and oppositely arranged. Flowers can be of different sizes depending on the variety. In diameter they range from 2.5 to 5 cm. The flower has five petals and stamens and one pistil. After flowering, the fruit is formed in the form of a box.

The most common variety of phlox is Drummond. This is an annual plant no more than 30 meters high. Differs in long flowering - from June to November. There are 2 varieties of annual phlox: Drummond stellate and Drummond large-flowered.

Phlox growing methods

Phlox can be grown in two ways:

  • from seed
  • through seedlings

Phlox seeds are harvested in the fall. Sowing in the ground is carried out in November or December. Before sowing seeds, you need to decide on a planting site. Clear the selected area of ​​snow and sprinkle the seeds with earth at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other. After that, be sure to cover with snow. Planting for the winter gives a high germination of plants. Seedlings will appear in the spring. When 2 pairs of leaves appear, a pick is made. When planting in the spring, the germination of the flower decreases, but still many growers sow in the spring. First you need to prepare the garden bed. You can use both garden and purchased land. Spread the seeds at a distance of 4-5 cm on the selected area, water using a sprayer and cover with foil. You do not need to sprinkle it with earth, but you should regularly lift the film for a short time so that the seeds can breathe. When the first shoots appear, the film can be removed.

Phlox video:

A more reliable way of growing phlox is the seedling method, since spring frosts can lead to the death of seeds. To get seedlings, flower seeds are planted in early spring. The first shoots can be expected to appear in a week. After sowing, they need to be regularly looked after: provide warmth, good lighting and watering. When several leaves appear, the seedlings can be planted separately from each other. Before moving phloxes to the garden plot, they need to be fed with mineral fertilizers.

Seedlings should be planted in open ground in early May. Flowers should be planted at a distance of at least 20 cm from each other. You should know that phlox grow well on sandy ground. The landing sites should be shaded, since the flowers fade in the sun. Annual phlox will look great along curbs, in flower beds, etc.

Phlox care tips

In order for the flower to be lush, it must be regularly watered, fed and loosened the soil. As a fertilizer, nitrophosphate is used (for a standard bucket of water about 20 g of fertilizer), potassium salt and superphosphate. This composition should be watered 3 times in one season. However, it must be remembered that phloxes do not tolerate waterlogging. In hot weather, watering with cold water is undesirable, as this can lead to cracking of the stems. So that old and wilted flowers and leaves do not interfere with the growth of new ones, they must be removed.

In the second phase of the growing season, hilling should be carried out for the rapid formation of the root system. When growing and caring for a flower, some problems may arise. Very often the flower is affected by pests and various diseases. The most common are phimosis and septoria.

Fomoz. It is a fungal disease in which the leaves become dry, the shoots are fragile. To get rid of phomosis, colloidal sulfur is used, which is sprayed onto the affected areas of the plant. The main thing is that the solution does not fall on the inflorescences. Powdery mildew. Fungal disease. A whitish bloom appears on the leaves of the flower.

It is very difficult to get rid of this disease, so if powdery mildew appears, then it is better to dig up and destroy the bush so as not to infect other plants.

Septoria. It appears as dark brown dots on the leaves. With the further development of a fungal disease, these points increase in size. If septoria is found, spray the bush with Bordeaux liquid and repeat the procedure after a week. The main pests of phlox are nematodes, filamentous worms, caterpillars and slugs. Special preparations for leaf-eating insects will help get rid of pests. Growing and caring for phlox is easy enough. If all the recommendations are correctly followed, the flower will delight with lush flowering for a long time.


Watch the video: Ground cover: planting creeping phlox and more. (June 2022).