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Proper rose care: how to grow a garden queen?

Proper rose care: how to grow a garden queen?



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A rose is not just a flower, but an object of admiration and worship, a recognized symbol of love. But in order for a fragile seedling to turn into a luxurious bush, you will have to work hard.

Content:

  • Competent planting of flowers
  • Watering and feeding the rose
  • Loosening and mulching
  • Pest control

Competent planting of flowers

Buying quality seedlings significantly increases the chances of success. Plants with a closed rhizome are considered the best: they take root faster and are more resistant to pathogens. When planting, the soil around the root system is left intact.

In spring, in mid-latitudes, roses are planted when the soil warms up to + 100C. This is the end of April and the beginning of May. This time is suitable for standard roses.

For most species, autumn planting is preferable. They begin to work from mid-September to the second half of October.

Early planting is dangerous: shoots will grow in the warmth, which will not have time to gain strength before the arrival of winter. If you are late with garden work, then a weakly rooted seedling will die from the first frost.

Rose loves sunny areas. In the shade, it will stop blooming, its leaves will cover dark spots. The flower becomes vulnerable to powdery mildew. A ventilated, but draft-proof flowerbed is suitable.

How to properly plant a rose and take care of it, look at the video:

The plant does not have any special requirements for the soil. Any soil is suitable for him, with the exception of heavy clay and light sandy loam. Groundwater at the site should not come close to the surface of the earth.

Landing steps:

  1. Dig a hole of such a size that the rhizome is spacious (approximately 50x50 cm).
  2. Prepare a nutrient mixture (humus or compost, rotted manure and soil). Sprinkle the roots with soil immediately so that the fertilizers do not come into contact with them.
  3. Pour water, let it soak.
  4. Cut the free root to 1/3 of the length, soak in water. Leave the closed rhizome intact. Shorten shoots.
  5. Cover the seedling with soil. The vaccination site is 5 cm underground.
  6. Tamp the soil. Water again.
  7. Spud the plant by 10-15 cm. After 14 days, remove the slide.

A strong, properly planted plant will take root faster and will delight you with colorful buds.

Watering and feeding the rose

A young rose planted in spring is watered once every two days. Then it is watered as the soil dries up (no more than 1 time in 7 days).

Roses need water during the period of active growth, bud formation and flowering. When there is not enough moisture, the shoots stop developing and wither, the buds become smaller, lose their decorative effect.

It is not recommended to water the plant with cool water in hot weather: the roots do not absorb it well. The flower likes melt or rainwater: the concentration of mineral salts in it is minimal. The ideal option is infrequent but abundant watering.

Correctly make a hole around the stem, surrounded by a roller of soil. It should look like a bowl. It will hold a lot of water and will not let it scatter. The needs of an adult bush are 10 liters of water. It is poured in a weak stream, protecting the roots. In the fall, watering is practically not needed. The ingress of drops of moisture on the leaves and buds leads to fungal attack.

If the soil is sufficiently fertilized during planting, then in the first year of life, young bushes do not need additional minerals. Having pinched the buds, the rose is fed with organic substances. An infusion of mullein, chicken droppings, ready-made store-bought product will do.

The first feeding of adult bushes is carried out in the spring, when the buds begin to bloom. With their appearance, roses will "tell" about what elements they lack:

  1. The bush stops growing when there is a nitrogen deficiency. An overabundance of matter in the soil leads to a violent growth of green mass, shoots do not ripen, they do not tolerate cold well.
  2. Young leaves become smaller, fall off early with a lack of phosphorus. The rose weakens, blooms poorly.
  3. The lack of magnesium manifests itself by a change in the color of the middle of the leaf and the death of tissue near the central vein.
  4. Due to a lack of potassium, young leaves turn red, and in adults, the edges dry.
  5. A signal of iron deficiency is the yellowing of young foliage.

For roses, both a lack of moisture and excessive watering are dangerous.

Loosening and mulching

It is important for the health of the bush that the soil is free of weeds and loosened. Such soil allows air and moisture to pass well, contributing to the active growth of the rhizome. Work is carried out at least 1 time per month.

Loosening is done by:

  • After rain and watering
  • Immediately after feeding
  • In the spring, when the ground has completely thawed
  • Before sheltering a flower for the winter

The maximum thickness of the fluffed layer is 6 cm. The roots are deeper, which can be damaged.

Mulching is given time in spring (late April-early May) and in autumn after pruning. Use straw, compost, shredded tree bark, sawdust, leaf humus, cut grass. They start work after processing the soil (removing weeds, watering, loosening, top dressing).

The thickness of the protective layer is 4-8 cm. It should not come into contact with ground shoots.

  • Over time, the mulch will turn into humus. Then the soil is loosened and a new layer is poured.
  • Role of mulching:
  • Preventing the development of fungal diseases and weeds
  • Soil fertilization
  • Warming the soil
  • Prevent stagnant water in rainy weather
  • Prevention of excessive evaporation of moisture and drying out of the earth

Loosening provides air flow to the rhizome, and mulch protects it from cold and waterlogging.

Pest control

Powdery mildew is the most unpleasant disease for a garden rose. Prevention will help prevent trouble. It consists in spraying the leaves with a solution of baking soda (40 g per 1 liter of water). Processing begins in the spring (2-3 times a week). They do it until mid-June.

Aphids are no less dangerous enemy for culture. They fight it by preparing a special solution for spraying. A piece of crushed laundry soap, 1-2 branches of wormwood are added to 1 bucket of water. The liquid is boiled for 10-15 minutes. The cooled and strained mixture is ready for use.

After 7 days, re-treatment is carried out. If the parasite does not respond, you need to purchase a systemic poison. Rose neighbors such as lavender or nasturtium repel aphids.

Timely prevention will help prevent powdery mildew and aphids from affecting the rose.

Rose bushes are able to survive and bloom without much care. Only with the right support will the flowers fully reveal their potential and become a real decoration of the garden.


Watch the video: How To Grow Roses - This Is What Professionals Do! (August 2022).