Calathea striped represents the arrowroot family.
Growers love this plant because of its unique coloration, as its leaves are bright green with a variety of stripes. They are often compared to peacock feathers.
- Description of calathea
- Plant care rules
- Reproduction of the plant calathea striped
- Pests and diseases
Description of calathea
The name of the plant has ancient Greek roots. Calathea looks very attractive.
Its leaves are large, which constantly turn towards the sun. The plant blooms in natural conditions from April, pleases with its flowers until July, which come in different colors.
But the most important difference from other indoor plants in calathea is its large foliage.
Since it is quite difficult to care for such a flower, for this you need to take into account many nuances.
Plant care rules
In order for calathea to please its owner, it is required to properly care for it. This plant is of tropical origin, so it loves warmth. It can develop easily at high temperatures.
In winter, the plant is able to tolerate coolness, but the temperature should not drop 18 degrees.
Calathea is a light-loving plant, but she does not like bright light. To determine the place where the flower should be placed, you need to pay attention to its reaction.
Its leaves will fade if it lacks light. Gardeners advise placing calathea in the west or east.
It is better to select a slightly acidic soil, among the components of which there will be:
- leaf land
- insignificant part of humus
- there must be drainage
It is important to pay great attention to watering. Calathea has superficial roots. For this reason, she has special watering requirements.
After all, a slight overdrying hi to the fact that the plant will die. It will initially begin to dry, and the foliage will curl up. This is the main care mistake people make.
Therefore, gardeners strongly recommend carefully monitoring the soil moisture.
Water the plant with warm water. If cold water is used, foliage will rot.
You can also spray the flower, this procedure has a positive effect on its condition.
Calathea loves humid air. To do this, you can use a spray bottle. In order for the flower to develop better, you need to feed it regularly, once every 2 weeks.
To do this, you can use a common fertilizer intended for ornamental deciduous plants. You need to add it after watering.
Reproduction of the plant calathea striped
It is better to propagate calathea by dividing the root system. The procedure must be performed with extreme care.
To do this, break off part of the root, and then place it in new soil. It should have several leaves.
There is another way of reproduction. The same part of the root is placed in a polyethylene bag, placed in heat. In this form, the plant will take root.
Periodically, the calathea needs airing, the bag is eliminated when the flower begins to grow. A young plant also requires careful maintenance.
Pests and diseases
From improper care, the plant can infect pests and diseases. If the air is not humid enough, spider mites, scale insects, and thrips can attack the calathea.
In this case, the foliage of the plant begins to acquire a yellowish tint, and then completely falls off. The flower needs help, otherwise its death will come soon.
If a small cobweb, plaque was noticed, then you need to start taking certain measures.
To eliminate thrips and scale insects, the foliage is treated with a soap solution. Sometimes this procedure does not bring the desired result. In this case, you need to use an insecticide that treats the plant.
Calathea leaves may begin to dry. This does not happen by accident. If the ends of the foliage dry out, then the humidity of the air needs to be increased.
For this, the plant is sprayed. Dry spots may develop on the leaves, which indicate sunburn.
They appeared due to the fact that after spraying, large splashes remained on the leaves. Calathea can also dry out from a lack of watering, strong drafts.
The plant may start to turn yellow. If this change occurs exclusively on the lower leaves, do not worry, as this is normal. Old foliage begins to die so that new leaves appear.
If the calathea turns yellow in other places, then it is worth worrying. This may indicate improper watering or over-feeding of the plant. Yellowness also arises from strong watering.
After it, the earth should dry out by 2 centimeters, only after that it is worth watering the calathea again. If it is poured, the rhizome will rot, and the foliage will acquire a yellow tint.
But you need to feed the plant in moderation. The 0.5 dose offered by manufacturers will be enough for him. If the calathea develops in cold conditions, then the foliage may also begin to turn yellow.
In some cases, foliage curls at the plant. This comes from cold or dry air. Drafts can also affect this change.
You can see that any ailment of calathea is associated with improper care. Therefore, this flower is considered capricious.
If you give him little time, he will begin to die. To make it pleasing to the eye, you just need to adhere to all the rules for care. As soon as some changes appear, you need to help the plant.
Video about proper care for calathea: