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Anthurium flowers: how to care for and propagate a plant

Anthurium flowers: how to care for and propagate a plant


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Anthurium flowers are very valuable and decorative. It is a great pride for a florist to grow anthurium and achieve its long flowering.

The anthurium flower came to us from America, from the southern and central parts of it. The flower is grown as a houseplant.

Growing anthurium is not easy, it is quite whimsical and demanding. You cannot find it in all flower shops, the plant is rare and expensive.

Content:

  • Description of the plant, varieties for home cultivation
  • Anthurium care
  • Reproduction of the anthurium flower
  • Problems when growing anthurium

Description of the plant, varieties for home cultivation

Anthurium is hard to confuse with other colors. Its leaves are large, wide, smooth, at the top there are large bright red flowers, the bracts are slightly wrinkled.

Only some varieties can be grown at home, these are:

  • Crystal
  • Scherzer
  • André

The most decorative is the crystal anthurium variety. It is valued more for its leaves than flowers. The leaves have a velvety surface, they are smaller than those of other varieties, the shade of the leaves becomes darker every year. Silvery streaks are clearly visible on the leaves.

Most often it is Scherzer's anthurium that is grown. The maximum plant height is 30 cm, its leaves are more elongated than that of other varieties, reaching a length of 20 cm, fleshy, dark green hue. The ear of the flower stands out, has a spiral shape, the length of the bract is 5 cm.

Andre is the larger variety, under favorable conditions it can grow up to one meter in height. The leaf is not oblong, but heart-shaped. The ear is also prominent, it is straight or slightly bent, the length of the bracts is no more than 10 cm.

Growing a flower at home and achieving flowering is extremely difficult, but possible. The plant blooms for almost a whole year, flower stalks can be red, pink and even white.

After the colored bedspread fades, it turns green and turns into a leaf.

Hybrid varieties are suitable for home cultivation. They are specially removed based on climatic and other external conditions.

Anthurium care

Anthurium is a thermophilic plant, while it is not so important that the room is warm, but that the temperature is constant. The flower can be kept at a temperature of 20-22 degrees. It is strictly forbidden to put the pot in drafts or in places where cold air enters.

Leaves do not respond well to direct sunlight. If you put the pot on the windowsill, then the plant is shaded with glass or a transparent curtain. You can also choose a semi-shaded place.

Watering should be timely, moderate. The soil should not be waterlogged, and the earthen coma should not be allowed to dry out.

For irrigation, water is used at room temperature or slightly warm. In summer, the plant will react well to spraying; dust should be regularly removed from the leaves with a damp sponge. When spraying, care must be taken that water does not fall on the flowers.

Fertilizers are applied twice a week. You can use universal fertilizers for flowering indoor plants, which include mineral and organic components.

If anthurium flowers appear in the house, you need to know how to care for them in the winter. In winter, a dormant period begins, so feeding should be stopped or reduced, but do not forget about watering. The soil should always be slightly damp.

In the spring, you can start transplanting the plant. The pot is chosen low and wide, a good drainage system is organized.

The root system of anthurium is very fragile, so when transplanting, you need to try not to damage the roots. When new roots appear above the soil surface, they will need to be covered with moss and make sure that it is constantly moist.

It is recommended to use a mixture of the following components as a growing substrate:

  • turf land
  • swamp moss
  • rough deciduous ground

When planting plants, the soil does not need to be tamped, it must be loose in order to provide oxygen access to the roots. Under no circumstances should the primer be alkaline.

If all conditions are met, then anthurium will bloom all summer, and some varieties almost all year round. The flowering period can start in February and end in November.

Reproduction of the anthurium flower

There are several methods for obtaining new anthurium plants, namely by seeds, stem cuttings, apical cuttings, side shoots and bush division.

In order for anthurium to form seeds, it is necessary to carry out artificial pollination, with the help of a brush, the pollen is transferred from the inflorescence to the inflorescence. The procedure is repeated over several days.

You can get fruits no earlier than in a year. Each fruit will contain up to 4 seeds. They are washed and placed in a solution of potassium permanganate for a couple of hours. Sow seeds immediately after harvest.

Sowing is carried out in a Petri dish or other shallow container on a foam sponge or filter paper. A greenhouse effect is ensured: the seeds are covered with foil or glass.

After 2 weeks, the seeds are transferred to soil, which is made from 0.5 parts of sand, 1 part of peat and 2 parts of leaf soil, you can also add charcoal or broken brick. After 2 months, the land is replaced with fresh one.

With each pick, the distance between the seedlings increases. Anthurium is planted in separate pots when the height of the seedling reaches 7 cm. For the first time, anthurium will bloom no earlier than after 4 years.

It is faster and more efficient to propagate anthurium in a vegetative way. The procedure is carried out in late spring and early summer.

Stem suckers, the upper or lower part of the stem with roots are divided into cuttings and planted in a container, providing a greenhouse effect. Rooting takes place after 2 weeks. The sprout is transplanted into a pot when two full leaves appear.

Problems when growing anthurium

Anthurium is a delicate plant, so many problems can arise during cultivation. In winter, you may notice that the leaves began to turn yellow and fall off, which means that the room is low temperature or high humidity.

The plant must be rearranged to suitable conditions and the soil must be allowed to dry out. In the same way, the plant reacts to sudden changes in temperature.

If the leaves turn yellow and become thinner, then most likely the plant does not have enough moisture. The soil should be well watered and kept constant at a constant moisture level. If the leaves have begun to fade, it means that the anthurium is cold or drafts fall on it.

If the roots have emerged through the soil, then the plant needs to be transplanted, and the roots should be covered with moist moss. If new leaves appear on the stem, but flowering does not occur for a long time, then the plant does not have enough fertilizer.

If the leaves are covered with brown spots, it means that the anthurium has infected the fungus. The leaves are treated with a systemic fungicide; care conditions must be provided.

If woolly spots appear on the underside of the leaf, then we are talking about a mealybug. This is a common and not dangerous problem if it is addressed in time. The plant is treated with a systemic insecticide or malathion.

The plant is picky, so the appearance of pests can quickly lead to the death of the flower. A flower grower may face the following diseases and parasites:

  • round avocado scale
  • rootworm nematode
  • aphid
  • mealybug
  • citrus bug
  • scabbard
  • gray rot
  • septoria

With each disease, the affected parts are removed, insects are eliminated mechanically, the healthy part is treated with special preparations.

At first glance, it seems that it is not so difficult to create suitable conditions for the anthurium. This is true, the main thing is to impeccably observe each point.

Correct care of Anthurium on video:


Watch the video: Saving Anthurium Plant. Dos Donts. Care For Anthurium. Indoor Flowering Plant. Spice Kitchen (June 2022).