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The fig plant has many names:
- fig tree
- fig tree
It belongs to the Ficus genus of the Mulberry family. In the wild, it is common in warm mild climates.
Since ancient times, many types of fig trees have been cultivated as a garden plant, prized for their sweet, tasty fruits.
In addition, it is possible to grow figs at home, for this special varieties have been bred.
- Indoor fig varieties
- Planting fruiting figs for growing in a pot
- Caring for figs in the room
Indoor fig varieties
Growing figs in the open air is permissible only in the southern regions: in the Caucasus, in the southern regions of European countries.
In central Russia and its northern regions, figs are grown indoors, as a houseplant. There are special varieties for this.
Sochi 7 and Sochi 8
Fig varieties, similar in their characteristics, are recommended for indoor cultivation. Bred by a specialist in the selection of subtropical crops Yu.S. Chernenko at an experimental station in Sochi.
The varieties produce juicy fruits weighing 60 grams once a year. Sochi 7 and Sochi 8 do not need special pollination with wild figs, called caprification.
Produces two crops a year, usually in July and October. The fruits are large, weighing up to 130 grams, with a red flesh. Figs are larger in the first harvest than in the second. Dalmatika bears fruit without caprification.
The fruits of the variety are very sweet, light, yellow-green in color, weighing 60 grams. Gives two harvests: at the beginning and at the end of summer. The variety is self-fertile, does not need additional pollination.
Working on the variety, Ogloblin N.A. used fig seeds grown only in indoor conditions.
An interesting feature of the resulting variety is that the fruits that set in the fall winter in the form of small green berries, in the spring the berries start to grow and reach their normal size by summer.
Gives two harvests, fruits weighing 40 grams, are tied in large quantities, especially at the second harvest. The color of the fruit is creamy, the flesh is pink, the taste is very sweet. The variety does not need caprification.
- Uzbek yellow
- October gift
- Black Pearl
All indoor fig trees are short, self-pollinated and do not need special pollination to increase the yield. Considering that Russian flower growers have been successfully cultivating figs indoors since the 17th century, even today planting and growing figs at home is no more difficult than growing a ficus.
Planting fruiting figs for growing in a pot
You can prepare the soil for planting an indoor fig tree yourself by mixing leafy soil with coarse sand, a little ash and peat.
Pour a drainage layer on the bottom of the peas, fill it with the prepared soil mixture. Sprinkle the soil on top with a layer of clean sand.
Planting material for growing figs can be seedlings obtained from seeds, rooted cuttings and root cuttings.
Considering that fig seedlings obtained from seeds do not begin to bear fruit earlier than when they reach the age of five, the method is convenient to use where it is impossible to get a cutting or root offspring.
For sowing, small containers or cups for seedlings with a volume of up to half a liter are suitable. You can sow up to three seeds in each glass, which will later allow you to choose the strongest one.
Sprinkle the seeds lightly with damp soil, cover with glass and place in a warm place. In about two to three weeks, seedlings will appear, after another five weeks the seedling is ready for transplanting.
A fig stalk can be cut from a semi-lignified shoot. Cut the lower part with an oblique cut under the kidney, leave three kidneys and cut off the top with a straight cut. Shorten the leaf plates by 1/3, this will speed up the emergence of roots.
Rooting takes place in a container with clean, wet sand. The process will be more successful if you put on a transparent bag on top. After 20 days, the roots on the handle will reach a size sufficient for transplanting into a pot.
The optimal season for rooting fig cuttings is April. If there are shoots from the root, then it can also be used to obtain a separate plant.
Bend the shoot to the ground, secure and cover with earth. After three to four weeks, the seedling will have its own roots and can be planted.
It should be noted that figs planted with the latter two methods can begin to bear fruit after two years.
A fig tree at any age needs some care, like every houseplant.
Caring for figs in the room
Good sunlight is important for fruiting figs; fruits do not ripen in the shade.
The optimum temperature during flowering and fruiting is not lower than 22 and not higher than 25 degrees.
In winter, the plant begins a dormant period, while the temperature in the room with the figs should be no higher than 10 degrees Celsius.
During the growing season, fig trees need regular watering. An adult plant can withstand a long break in watering, and a young one is very sensitive to moisture, it can die from a lack of it.
If the size of the tree allows it to be transferred to the shower, then a warm "rain" will do it good. large specimens can simply be sprayed.
From the end of October, the plant begins a dormant period and watering is needed rarely, no more than twice a month. At the end of February, the figs start to grow and the regime of frequent and regular watering is resumed.
During flowering and fruit formation, you need to make mineral and organic fertilizing every two weeks.
If the crown of the indoor fig has grown, then it can be subjected to formative pruning. It is important to remember here that the more young shoots, the more fruit will be set.
As soon as the roots of the plant completely fill the pot, the plant is transplanted into a container 5 cm larger than the previous one.
The plant tolerates well and being outdoors in the warm season, if possible, should be moved to a loggia or balcony.
In general, the fig is one of the exotic plants that thrives in a closed environment.
Video tips for caring for figs: