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Gladiolus: Landing and Leaving Without Mistakes

Gladiolus: Landing and Leaving Without Mistakes


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The flower got its second name "sword" from the similarity of narrow long leaves with swords, and the stem itself, high and straight, resembles a gladiator's sword. These flowers are so popular with flower growers that there are more than five thousand varieties in the world.

It so happened that the life expectancy of most varieties is no more than 10 years. Each of them has its own charm and its own secrets. Even for a novice florist who loves gladioli, planting and caring for them will be within the power.

Content:

  • Gladioli, description of the species
  • Site selection, soil preparation for planting gladioli
  • The choice of planting material, planting in the ground
  • Gladiolus seedling care

Gladioli, description of the species

Africa is considered the birthplace of gladioli, perhaps from there the plant got to the Mediterranean countries, wild species of gladioli were also found in the Asian region. The first mention of the flower dates back to the third century BC. In ancient treatises, the corms of a flower were said to be healing and magical, capable of curing diseases and protecting from enemies.

They were also used for food. Interest in gladiolus, as an ornamental plant, appeared only at the beginning of the 19th century, it immediately gained recognition both in European countries and in America.

Gladioli belong to the perennial corms of the Iris family.

Their leaves are straight, tall, rather tough. At the bottom, the leaves close, clasping the stem on both sides. Stems are high, up to 1.5 meters, solitary. Inflorescences are spicate, up to 0.9 - 1 m long.

Each flower is assembled from six lobes, fused at the base, resembling a funnel in shape. The fruit is a capsule, the seeds are round, brown in color. Each plant forms a round, slightly flattened bulb, dressed in scales. The color of the bulbs can be very different, from light yellow to maroon, almost black. The color of the flower petals differs in the same variety.

Gladioli are suitable for growing both in the open field and in greenhouses, they are good both in flower beds and in cuttings.

Site selection, soil preparation for planting gladioli

When choosing a place for placing gladioli on a site, one must remember that these are people from sunny Africa and for their development they need good lighting. Do not plant these flowers in the shade of large plants, on the north side. It is also necessary to provide for protection from the wind.

Gladioli are quite demanding on the soil. Heavy clay or peaty soil is detrimental to these flowers. Sandy or loamy soils with a slightly acidic reaction, close to neutral, are best suited for them.

It is best to take care of the preparation of the land for planting gladioli in the fall. An autumn digging of the garden bed is required with a shovel bayonet. At the same time, organic fertilizers are applied at the rate of ten kilograms of humus per square meter. The introduction of a small amount of wood ash will not harm either.

If it was not possible to carry out these works in the fall, then they can be performed in the spring, after the ground thaws.

The choice of planting material, planting in the ground

For planting gladioli use:

  • the seed
  • tubers
  • corms

In amateur floriculture, planting by seeds is practically not used. It is most convenient to purchase either young corms, or use "kids" They come in different sizes, to get flowers you need larger ones, very small ones still need to grow and they will bloom only next year.

Well-formed corms form several replacement bulbs per season, they are much smaller than the main one, it is optimal to use replacement corms for planting.

Large corms have, in addition to the main one, a few more lateral buds. With some experience, if necessary, propagate a rare variety, such a corm can be divided. However, there is a risk of ruining it by careless movements.

When planting gladioli, it is necessary to focus on the temperature of the upper layer of the earth. When at a depth of 8-10 cm the thermometer shows at least + 8 degrees, it's time to plant.

In most regions, the soil warms up to this temperature in late April - early May.

For planting, we prepare holes 2.5 - 3 more deep than the size of the corm. The distance between the holes depends on the size of the planting material. The larger the corm, the greater the distance. Approximately - from 10 to 20 cm. You can also dig a solid groove and spread the bulbs at the specified distance.

Before lowering the planting material into the hole, it is advisable to spill it well with water or a solution of phytosporin, and all integumentary scales must be removed from the bulbs and decayed places, if any, must be cut off with a clean knife. You can pour five to six garlic cloves with hot water, cool and place the corms there for a couple of hours before embedding in the ground.

The holes are covered with loose earth and mulched with dry friable peat. This will protect the ground from drying out, because before the emergence of gladioli shoots, it is advisable not to water. If several varieties are planted, then it is necessary to mark the boundaries of each, this will help not to confuse the corms when digging and laying for storage.

Seedlings that appear after 12 - 18 days also need care.

Gladiolus seedling care

For all its unpretentiousness, gladiolus still requires the attention of a grower. You only need to perform a few simple agrotechnical techniques:

  • loosening the soil
  • weed removal
  • feeding
  • watering

The first watering is required for plants when the ground part of the shoot reaches a height of 10 -12 cm. Immediately after watering, the soil is mulched. Mulching with loose peat or humus, not only protects against drying out, but also does not interfere with the flow of air.

Water for one plant needs at least a bucket so that moisture penetrates to a depth of at least 25 - 30 cm. The regularity of watering depends on the weather, but frequent and shallow watering harms gladioli. When watering, you need to try so that the water does not fall on the leaves; for this, an irrigation furrow is laid along the row of flowers in advance. After each watering, after rain, as well as once every 10 days in dry weather, the soil must be loosened, avoiding compaction.

During the season, you will need to feed the gladioli at least five times:

  • when the second leaf appears, feed with nitrogen fertilizers for the first time
  • when the fourth leaf appears, make a second feeding
  • third feeding after the appearance of the fifth leaf
  • feed with phosphates for the fourth time when buds appear
  • at the beginning of September, the last feeding is carried out

Weeds are removed at least two to three times, and if necessary, weeding will have to be repeated up to 4 to 5 times over the summer. Weeding is a good prevention of many gladiolus diseases, a guarantee of abundant and long flowering.

For beginner flower growers, gladioli with an early and medium flowering period are suitable, late varieties may not have enough time to bloom the buds. In the absence of experience, you should pay attention to the following varieties of viable varieties:

  • Golden antelope
  • City of Kitezh
  • Heart of Russia
  • Revenge
  • Amber Baltic

You can plant several varieties and not be afraid of cross-pollination, this will not happen when planting gladioli with corms. Love for these flowers, adherence to simple rules, culminate in the appearance of beautiful inflorescences.

A detailed video about planting gladioli and caring for them:


Watch the video: Easy Gladiolus (May 2022).


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