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How to care for ficus at home correctly?


In his work entitled "Plant Species" (1753), Karl Linnaeus first mentioned the ficus and singled it out as a separate genus, describing in detail the characteristic features of as many as seven species of this domestic plant. Nowadays, you can quite often find ficus on window sills in houses, apartments, offices. They are often planted in winter gardens.

An interesting fact: this plant is assigned some magical qualities, it is said that it neutralizes negativity and can attract wealth and good luck to its owners into the house.

Content:

  • A little about the history of the ficus
  • Plant care at home
  • Possible diseases and treatment methods for ficus

A little about the history of ficus

Ficus is one of the most common indoor plants. Its genus includes about 800 species, among which there are shrubs, trees and even vines. The genus of ficus includes both evergreen and deciduous species. Many species of ficuses grow to large sizes. This cultivated plant came to us from countries with a subtropical climate. These are mainly the countries of Asia, America, Australia and Africa.

Ficus belongs to the mulberry family, has leaves in the form of lobes or whole leaves, they are almost always glossy, shiny, but you can also find ficus with a pubescent leaf plate.

Plant care at home

  • Correct placement of the plant in the room
  • Regular moderate watering
  • Timely small feeding
  • If necessary - transplant
  • Treatment for possible diseases

In general, ficus is not a capricious cultivated plant. A well-lit window sill by a window directed to the west or east, where a lot of natural, diffused light enters, is ideal for the location of the ficus. If you put a pot with a plant in the shade, its branches will grow towards the light and the number of its leaves will decrease. It should also be remembered that it is advisable for the plant to avoid drafts.

Watering the ficus should be done regularly, more intensively in summer than in winter. It is important not to overdo it. Before the next watering, the soil should have time to dry out after the previous one, and absorb moisture well. Pour out the water from the pallet. It will be better if you water the ficus with warm water or water at room temperature, and some botanists even insist on watering with almost hot water, since indoor plants cannot stand cold temperatures (including water).

Ficus care also includes spraying the leaves with settled water (at least 12 hours) or boiled water if the air in the room is dry.

From time to time, you need to remove dust from the surface of the leaves with a damp sponge or handkerchief, or this can be done under a weak stream of a warm shower. Before you start, you need to cover the soil with cling film or a plastic bag to avoid flooding the flower. After this procedure, the plant should dry in the bathroom, and after that you can carry it to its permanent place in the room. This will help avoid hypothermia of the ficus.

It is advisable that the temperature in the winter in the room where the ficus stands is not lower than +15 C and in the summer does not exceed +30 C.

To ensure good growth of the plant, especially during the breeding season, you need to fertilize the ficus. In the spring-summer period, it is recommended to use nitrogen-containing mixtures. They make the plant more lush and thick due to the growth of greenery.

You can use nettle, mullein or wood ash infusion as a top dressing, or buy ready-made fertilizer mixtures, for example, Ideal, Humisol, Ficus, Palma, etc.

Fertilizers need to be applied every two weeks. In the autumn-winter period, feeding the plant is not required, unless the conditions remain the same as in summer (special lighting, warm air, / humidity). In this case, it is necessary to fertilize the ficus no more than 1 time in 1.5-2 months in an amount, half as much as indicated.

It is advisable to transplant ficus only if necessary, if the pot has become small or cramped for him. But you still need to change the soil in the pot regularly (once every 1-2 years). To do this, you can use both ready-made commercial soil mixtures and self-prepared soil. If you chose the latter option, then for this you will need to mix black soil, peat and sand in equal proportions. For mature plants, it is recommended to add humus.

Using a drain at the bottom of the tank will help avoid stagnation of water in the ground. To do this, you need to cover the bottom of the pot with a layer of expanded clay or charcoal 1-2 cm thick and fill it with new soil on top.

Ficus propagates mainly by cuttings. To do this, the day before cutting the cuttings, you need to water the plant abundantly. You can trim semi-lignified cuttings from the top. For ficus with large leaves, cuttings with three leaves can be removed, and for those with small leaves, those that grow in length up to 10-14 cm. Pruning should be done with a well-sharpened sharp knife, at a slight angle under the cutting knot. The place of the cut must be washed from the milky juice, then wiped with a cloth and after an hour sprinkle with activated charcoal or charcoal rubbed into a fine powder.

Possible diseases and methods of treating ficus

The most common symptoms in a plant are:

  1. Falling leaves. This can be caused by a number of reasons: too much watering, freezing, lack of light, or stress (for example, when transplanting or changing a permanent place). Do not be alarmed if you notice the falling of the lower tier of leaves in tree-like ficuses - this is a completely natural process.
  2. The formation of brown spots along the edge of the leaves. This serves as a signal that the plant is too hot or lacks water. Drafts or too much feeding can also cause these spots.
  3. Drying and rolling of leaves. Such a defect occurs due to the fact that the air in the room is too dry.
  4. To "cure" a plant from the above diseases, you just need to remove their cause.
  5. Shield. When this parasite appears, the leaves of the ficus are discolored and fall off. First you need to carefully examine the plant. If you find small insects on it that outwardly resemble black and beige plaques, you need to immediately remove them from there with a cotton swab soaked in soapy water. If there are a lot of insects, you need to use an actelik.
  6. Spider mite. If you find a cobweb between the leaves, this is a sign of the defeat of the ficus by this pest. To get rid of it, you need to wash the plant regularly in the shower and increase the humidity level in the room.
  7. Mealybug. Dry air is also the reason for its appearance. To get rid of it, you need to remove the parasites with a cotton pad soaked in alcohol.

With the correct and timely implementation of all procedures for caring for the ficus, this cultivated plant will delight the eye for more than one year at home, in the office or in the garden.

Recommendations for the proper care of the ficus in the video:


Watch the video: FOLIAGE FRIDAY. Ep. 34 How I Care for Ficus benjamina Weeping Fig (December 2021).