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This is a genus that includes dozens of species of palms, widespread in nature in southern Africa, and particularly in Madagascar. They have erect stems, which in some species resemble thin bamboos, while in others they are thick and squat; the fronds are elongated, arched, carried by a long rigid petiole, which can also develop around the stem; the segments develop into two strips, on the sides of the petiole, are bright green, stiff, lanceolate or ribbon-like; the length decreases from the base of the frond towards the apex. The flowers bloom in long arched clusters, are white or yellowish. Dypsis decaryi has a particular torch shape; Dypsis lutescens has very thin, bamboo-like stems, often twisted or arched, developed in small groups.
The varieties of Dypsis palms are grown in a sunny place, or even partially shaded; they do not fear the cold, and can withstand short periods of mild entity for short periods. It is good to consider that these plants do not tolerate direct sunlight, especially during the hottest hours of the day; for this reason, choose a place that is repaired. In areas with very cold winters, most of the foliage is often damaged by cold; for this reason, in spring, it is necessary to remove the parts damaged by frost, to allow the plants to produce new fronds.
It is advisable to place the plant in a sheltered place so that it can better withstand very harsh climates. Remember that it can reach considerable dimensions, in height it can even reach 3 and a half meters, while in width it can reach 3 meters.
Speaking of which is the best watering technique for Dypsis, it is advisable to water regularly, from April to September, always waiting for the soil to be dry, to avoid the formation of water stagnation. These palms easily withstand periods of drought, even if prolonged, being a rather rustic and resistant variety; in fact water stagnations are much more dangerous for its growth, which can lead to the onset of root rot.
The palms that belong to this genus grow without problems in any terrain, even in the common garden soil, provided it is well drained and poor in clay, not too compact. At the time of planting it is advisable to add sand to the soil in the place where the plant will be placed, to make the earth softer and draining and avoid water stagnation, which is dangerous for the plant.
The multiplication of these palms takes place by seed, in many cases the fruits of these palms germinate without problems even placed on the ground directly to their home.
Dypsis: Pests and diseases
The palms that belong to this genus fear the excess of water, which can cause radical rot that can compromise, even irreparably, health; the very intense and prolonged cold can damage the foliage, especially in the case of very young specimens.
It could also be attacked by scale insects and rust, but it is not particularly subject to these types of attacks, which can be prevented and effectively counteracted with the use of specific products.