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Montbrecia (the second name is crocosmia) is a graceful perennial plant for open flower beds and lawns. This flower is somewhat reminiscent of a gladiolus, only much smaller. It blooms from about mid-summer until frost.
- How to plant a montbrecia
- Growing montbrecia from seeds
- Flower care
- Diseases and pests
How to plant a montbrecia
Montbrecia (crocosmia) is a bulbous plant that has its roots in Africa. In Europe, this flower appeared in the 19th century thanks to the French botanist de Montbret.
Montbrecia grows well in a bright place that is sheltered from the wind. Although this plant is not whimsical in nature, it is still desirable that the land be abundantly fertilized before planting.
The most famous types:
- The montbrecia is golden. One of the largest flowers, yellow-orange.
- Montbrecia Masonorum. This type of this plant is frost-resistant, which is ideal for our climate. It has a large bulb and small flowers.
- Montbrecia Paniculata. Frost-resistant, has bright orange small flowers.
You can grow this flower from seeds, bulbs and babies. The bulbs are usually planted in open soil in late April or early May. But first, a few days before planting, the tubers are brought into the house for a while so that they "warm" at room temperature. It is necessary to remove the remaining leaves and roots from them, and, if necessary, separate the children for reproduction.
The bulbs should be planted in the soil to a depth of 8-10 cm, and the distance should be at least 10 cm, but no more than 15. Children are planted not so deeply, by about 5 cm, and the distance between them is 5-7 cm. They are already blooming. next year.
Growing flowers need abundant watering, as well as loosening of the soil. Before blooming, the montbrecia must be fed with fertilizers, which are made from mineral substances containing nitrogen. And during the period when buds are formed, fertilizers should also contain potassium.
In order for the bulbs to mature better and be more suitable for planting next year, it is necessary to cut the flowers before they begin to fall off and bloom.
Growing montbrecia from seeds
Growing a montbrecia from seeds is not an easy task. Seeds cannot be planted directly into the ground, as they may not come off. To begin with, they should be planted in prepared soil, which consists of peat, humus, turf and sand. February and March are the best months for this.
Seeds must be soaked in water before planting. After they have ascended, they need to dive into special boxes and, if the weather is good, take them outside for hardening. It is necessary to plant in the soil at the same period when the tubers of these flowers are planted. The montbrecia, which has grown from seeds, blooms in the third year, but there are exceptions when it blooms in the second.
If the climate where you live is mild, then you can leave this plant in the ground for the winter, after covering it, but if the winters are rather cold, then it is better to dig up the bulbs. To store the bulbs, you must first dry them thoroughly (5-7 days), and then put them in a wooden box and hide them in the cellar.
Caring for montbrecia is quite simple, so it is a welcome "guest" for your garden:
- It needs to be watered rarely, but abundantly.
- After that, be sure to loosen and weed the ground.
- Sometimes you need to tie this flower, but only in cases where it is tall enough and grows in open places where the wind can break it
- Montbrecia needs to be fed with mineral fertilizers (3 g / l), or mullein infusion - 1:10 (and if you also want to speed up the growth of this plant, then feed it with nitrogen fertilizers; when buds appear, you can water it with fertilizers with the addition of potassium)
As already mentioned above, the montbrecia can not be dug out for the winter if the climate allows it. But then it needs to be covered with a thick layer of dry leaves, the height of which should be at least 20 cm. And in order to protect it from dampness, you also need to cover it with a film.
But if you have varietal montbrecia, then it is better to dig it up for the winter. And this should be done at the end of October, when the children multiply and mature. And only in dry weather. After that, cut off all the stems, leaving only 5 cm, dry and put in a box, and then sprinkle with peat and store in a dark, cool place at a temperature not higher than 10 degrees.
Diseases and pests
Like any plant, Montbrecia is also susceptible to all kinds of diseases. The "symptoms" of diseases of these plants are as follows:
- rotting bulbs
- dark spots and stripes appear, leaves and flowers are deformed
- rot and gray mold on flowers
- leaves are covered with white spots
- the tips of the leaves turn yellow, and the roots die over time
These diseases are called differently - and fusarium, and bacteriosis, or a viral disease. Also, all sorts of pests on plants can multiply, such as ticks, aphids, nematodes, which gnaw at the roots, as a result of which the flowers simply start to deteriorate and rot. In order to avoid all this, you need to plant a healthy bulb in healthy soil. And for diseased plants, you need to use special remedies for healing and change the place for planting next year.
Such beautiful and sophisticated flowers will decorate your garden or flower bed and will delight your eyes. They blend beautifully with other colors and look good on their own as well. In its attractiveness, it can rival even the most sophisticated and luxurious gladiolus.
Informative video about the Chinese gladiolus: