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Looking at the amazingly beautiful bell-shaped flowers adorning a tall bush with bright foliage, it seems that they actually sound. A person who sees this plant in all its glory will definitely want to grow it at home.
Currently, with a large number of firms specializing in the sale of ornamental shrubs, it is not so difficult to find a plant called hybrid weigela. The main thing is to know what to buy and how to properly care for it. Any experience and advice on caring for a flowering herbaceous perennial from the honeysuckle family will come in handy.
- General requirements for growing weigela hybrid
- Flower propagation
- Pruning and feeding
- Weigela varieties hybrid
General requirements for growing
Almost all plant varieties love well-sunlit planting sites. In the shade of large trees, the weigela hybrid develops much more slowly and rarely blooms. The process of lignification of shoots is delayed and becomes weak, which leads to their freezing and death in winter.
The seeds practically do not ripen. Cold northern winds should not have an advantage in the place of planting of shrubs, since the wind damages not only the flowers, but also the delicate leaves of the weigela, which does not improve its decorative qualities.
The size and number of bells very much depends on the fertility of the soil and its general condition. Therefore, rotted compost, sod land and mineral fertilizers, which include phosphorus and potassium, are introduced into the planting pit. Acidic soils require preliminary autumn liming. Planting is best done in spring.
The seedlings purchased in the fall must be dug in and well covered. Loosening and mulching of bushes should be done regularly. Stagnation of water under the roots of the plant is not allowed. If such a danger exists, then high-quality drainage must be done without fail. Moreover, the layer of sand and gravel should be at least 15 cm. All varieties of shrubs require regular watering, but without waterlogging, during active growth and flowering.
Excess water affects the appearance of the weigela and can lead to its death. The condition of the root system is very important and immediately affects the appearance, especially in young plants. The emerging yellowness of the branches, the cessation of their growth are signs of a lack of moisture or the appearance of a bear, May beetle larvae. It is necessary to urgently take measures to treat the entire bush with insecticides.
The plant does not belong to the winter-hardy species, and therefore requires shelter for the winter months. It is recommended to tilt the branches towards the ground. In this position, the ability to keep the tops of the branches is much higher, which means that the number of flowers will be greater. Most often, spruce branches are used, leaves are placed on top of it, and then a snowdrift is built from the snow that has fallen. This shelter fully protects the branches with flower buds.
Reproduction of all varieties of a flower is carried out by seeds, rooted cuttings, layering or dividing the bush:
- When planting seeds, you can expect flowering only after 5 years. The property of seeds to lose germination very quickly makes this process quite laborious. They ripen only in late autumn and tend to give a heterogeneous set of offspring, which gives an advantage to the vegetative reproduction of the plant. The easiest option for seed reproduction is not to touch them and wait for spring shoots. Then leave the strongest shoots and deal only with them.
- Cutting cuttings for rooting is done in early June before the period of laying flower buds of the next season. Semi-lignified cuttings should be about 12 cm long and have two pairs of true leaves. After treatment with heteroauxin, they are placed under a film, and in the following spring they are planted in a permanent place. The plant blooms in the third year. The first buds are recommended to be torn off. It is best to plant 3-year-old seedlings in a permanent place. If green shoots of the current season are used for vegetative propagation, then the leaves are completely removed, the cuttings are placed at a depth of 1 cm and closed with plastic bottles that create the conditions for a mini-greenhouse. In this case, they must be ventilated and watered daily. Green cuttings root very easily and the plant grown from them blooms for 2 years.
- The most convenient and fastest way to multiply weigela hybrid is the method of dividing the bush. You can always see what a flowering plant looks like and agree on its purchase. Moreover, it can be transplanted by careful transshipment at any time. It is very convenient to propagate weigela by layering, as which you can use branches located near the ground. Having tilted and scratched the bark for processing with a growth stimulator and covered it with earth, the next year a full-fledged seedling will be ready, which, after separation from the main bush, is ready for planting in its main place.
Various species of weigela are easily crossed and cross-pollinated, which is beneficially used in commercial breeding and sale. Therefore, you need to carefully consider which variety you have a desire to grow in yourself.
Pruning and feeding
Pruning and regular feeding of the plant is of great importance. The best time to prune the weigela is right after flowering. This is done once every two years. Pruning is rejuvenating by removing old and thickening branches. You can even cut the bush completely if pests have been noticed in its bark.
He will recover well over the next season. But shoots frozen after winter are removed regularly every spring during sanitary pruning. The formation of the bush is carried out in the summer after flowering, but young shoots have not yet appeared, which should not be disturbed. It is on them that the repeated autumn flowering of weigela appears.
As soon as the snow melts, it is necessary to apply a complete mineral fertilizer, which includes superphosphate, urea, and potassium components necessary during this period. After a difficult winter period, this is very important for the subsequent flowering and foliage condition. The second feeding is carried out at the time of formation and flower buds in June. The usual consumption of fertilizers is made at the rate of 30 g of superphosphate and potassium sulfate per 1 bush.
It is not recommended to use nitrogen fertilizers during this period. They slow down the process of lignification of the shoots and can create conditions for the appearance of rot. The third feeding is planned for the fall. As a fertilizer, it is very good to use wood ash, which is always available at this time of the year. Calculation of ash 200 g per bush. Phosphate fertilizers received by the plant in the fall help to strengthen the branches and make the flowering abundant the next year.
When planting several bushes at once, it is necessary to maintain the optimal distance between them, equal to 1.5 or even 2 m, if possible. The size of a plant can reach 2 m in height, and even more in width, which must be taken into account when drawing up interesting landscape compositions.
Weigela varieties hybrid
The wonderful quality of weigela, twice a year, please its owners with its flowers, makes it more and more popular with active amateur flower growers. The first flowering occurs at the very beginning of summer and lasts from mid-May to late June. Last year's branches of the bush are strewn with colorful flowers.
Because of them, the leaves are completely invisible. The second September bloom on the shoots of this year is not so abundant, but next to the bright colors of powerful autumn annuals, it is also unforgettable and beautiful. Weigela flowers have different shades, changing during flowering from a delicate color to brighter and more saturated flowers.
The main shade of weigela flowers is pink, but there are varieties of white, yellow, cream, carmine red, purple. The following varieties are especially popular:
- Bristol Ruby has various shades of red. It was received in the USA in 1944. It blooms in June or July, depending on weather conditions. It can also grow in the shade of trees, which is of interest to owners of small plots. This is one of the few shade-tolerant, fast-growing varieties of hybrid weigela. For its vigorous flowering, the main thing is a large amount of moisture and a very nutritious soil. Requires good shelter for the winter. In compositions, it should be borne in mind that red shades look better at close range. Therefore, next to the gazebo, bench, where people are often present, it will be especially in demand, and its flowers will create additional comfort.
- Weigela of the blooming and Korean species made it possible to obtain a wonderful Candida variety with snow-white flowers that retain their purity even during wilting. The white color is clearly visible from afar, and therefore any passer-by will stop his admiring gaze, passing by an area with shrubs, 2 m high, all branches of which are strewn with flowers for three weeks. Such a plant is undoubtedly the pride of the owner.
- Pierre Duchartre, Marc Tellier, Styriaka, Newport Red, Rosea, Fier Lemoine, Eva Rathke and many other varieties are worth planting.
Among the groups of weigel there are plants with different leaf colors, tall, dwarf, variegated. By planting ferns next to them, hostu, a bright carpet of annuals, you can create unforgettable corners in your own garden, even on a small plot. Admiring this beautiful bush with bells with the whole family, you can actually hear their mysterious grateful sounds.
The subtleties of planting weigela on the video: