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Small terrestrial orchid widespread in Europe and Asia; to the genus orchys belong some species of orchids widespread in Europe, Asia and north Africa, united by quite similar flowers. It has erect stems, cylindrical, 15-25 cm high, light green in color, slightly tinged with purple at the apex, which grow starting from the center of the basal rosette consisting of numerous elongated oval leaves, bright green, slightly fleshy. From late spring until early summer on the stems numerous small purple, white or pinkish flowers bloom, with sepals and streaked green petals; the labellum is very enlarged, with wavy or frayed edges, with small dark purple dots. The flowers are followed by the capsules containing the seeds. These orchids are found quite easily in the woods and pastures of our peninsula, but they are an endangered species and it is therefore advisable to avoid damaging the plants or eradicating them. If you want to grow these orchids in specialized stores, greenhouse specimens are available, or you can admire them in nature.
The position in which to place our plants is an important factor to take into consideration because it is precisely based on the place where they are placed that they will have a good or bad development. The ideal place to grow Orchis morio is in full sun or in partial shade; in general, plants in full sun tend to develop more in height than those in the shade thanks to the light they receive daily. These orchids do not particularly fear the cold, so they can be left outdoors even during harsh winters. Devote more attention to the plants in case of intense cold wind or frost.
As for watering, when they are grown in the ground the orchys are satisfied with rainwater; while the specimens grown in containers or pots may need watering especially during the vegetative period. To avoid in any case excessive watering that would give rise to radical rot.
When it is desired to cultivate an orchid, an aspect of fundamental importance is the choice of the soil. This is because plants acquire the nutrients they need to live and develop at their best from the soil. Use good garden soil, mixed with sand or other incoherent material, such as perlite, pumice or lapillus. The roots of these orchids can develop a lot, becoming fat stolons, therefore it is advisable to cultivate them in large containers to allow the root system to develop without problems without constraints.
The multiplication of the Orchys morio usually takes place by dividing the clumps, paying attention to maintaining a good root system for each portion produced. These orchids can also be propagated by seed.
Orchys morio: Pests and diseases
Generally the Orchys morio are not attacked by pests or diseases. Like all species of orchids, pay attention to water stagnations that could cause radical rot if the waterings are too abundant.