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Black Durone from Vignola
Tree of moderate development and medium fertility. It produces large blackish red fruits with dark flesh, sweet and of excellent taste, resistant to splitting. The early variety matures in early June and the late one at the end of June. There are different characteristics, for this reason they are distinguished with the name of black Durone I, black Durone II and III. Usually, those commonly grown and sold in nurseries belong to the Durone I variety. Trees of this type appear to be rather vigorous and resistant, not very productive compared to other types of cherry. It is not self-fertile, therefore it needs other pollinators, such as the black Durone II and III, the Mora di Vignola or the Adriana variety. It is a pretty resistant variety to external interventions; may be affected by Pseudomonas.
It's a variety of cherry commonly grown in Italy. Tree of high vigor, upright growth habit, medium-high productivity. The fruit is large in size, with a long peduncle, bright red skin, pink flesh, very firm. The quality of taste is good. It is said that the name derives from the fact that the first plant of this type was born, in 1935, near a railway tollgate near Sammichele di Bari. Over the years it has spread to the surrounding lands, becoming the most cultivated type in the territory of Turi . It has a good resistance after harvesting, even a week, which is not a secondary factor to be able to transport it even beyond the Italian borders. It is a tree with a late ripening and a medium quantity production.
Plant of medium-high vigor with erect growth habit. Productivity is high and constant. It is self-compatible so it does not need pollinators. The size is medium-high, the skin is bright dark red, the flesh is pink, of medium-high consistency, low sensitivity to splitting. It is an excellent variety due to its high productivity and the late ripening period. It is a tree of Canadian origin, which is also cultivated for its abundant productivity, so that the fruits tend to appear in the form of bunches. The plant of this type requires constant pruning to maintain its shape so as to guarantee good flowering. The fruits are rather resistant, but not to the splits caused by the rain.
Cherry variety: Cherry cultivation
After seeing some of the most common types of cherries, it is good to give some indications on which are the most suitable cultivation techniques in order to obtain abundant fruits. Plants of this type live rather long and develop better in a Mediterranean climate, even if it is a plant that can withstand even low temperatures. It is a tree that does not lend itself to growing in pots and during planting, it is good to prepare the soil by mixing fertilizer and sand, so as to have a substrate with a good degree of drainage. It is advisable to supply a correct amount of water to the plant, taking care to check that water stagnations do not form which are very harmful. Pruning interventions must be carried out with great care because the plant suffers and should not be carried out on young specimens. The cherries, for a good maturation, need a good amount of light, which will help to have a good harvest. Among the pathologies and diseases that can cause damage, it is essential to check that water does not build up, as the root system could rapidly rot. Monilia is a fungus that can attack plants of this genus and cause serious damage. Copper-based treatments should be used to prevent the problem. Even the cherry fly can be a dangerous factor, as it lurks in the fruit, bringing suffering to the plant. In this case there are specific specific products to use.