Cultivation of ficus

Cultivation of ficus

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Cultivation of ficus:

Ficus are very common plants in the apartment; there are several species, all originating from tropical forests; some ficus have small delicate leaves, other very large and leathery leaves. In any case, the cultivation requirements are similar. Surely the ficus love the climate present in the apartment, with mild temperatures and fairly constant throughout the year; they fear the cold, and need a minimum temperature higher than 12-15 ° C; they should therefore be grown at home, especially during the coldest months, from September to April-May. They are placed in a bright place in the house, but away from direct sunlight, which could damage the leaves; they fear above all temperature changes, which can cause the sudden fall of the leaves: they are positioned therefore far from sources of direct heat, such as radiators or air conditioners, and away from windows or doors, from which they could receive very damaging blows of air. The ficus are evergreen plants, therefore they need watering all year long, however it is good to act only when the soil is dry, therefore thinning out the waterings during the cooler months and intensifying them during the summer. We also remember to increase the environmental humidity by sporadically vaporizing the foliage with demineralized water. Every 2-3 years it is advisable to change the vase, replacing it with a slightly larger one, filling it with fresh soil, rich in organic matter; in the spring we spread on the ground at the foot of our ficus a slow release granular fertilizer, which will guarantee a continuous supply of mineral salts, every time we provide watering. Towards the end of winter it is also important to shorten the longer branches of the ficus, in order to favor a thicker crown and to avoid that with the passage of time the plant tends to "empty" itself in the lower part, leaving the stem bare.