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family that includes about 20 cactaceae originating from South America, usually roundish, or briefly columnar, slow growing. Some species grow solitary, others grow in groups, usually all have very decorative thorns and in summer produce large colored flowers, tubular, elongated, colored, yellow, white, red or pink, with a very wide corolla. When the flowers wither Matucana they produce small fruits that contain numerous seeds, usually fertile.
like many cactaceae le Matucana they prefer very sunny and bright positions, even under the direct rays of the sun, in fact they are not afraid of sunburn; in winter they must be kept indoors, as they are very cold, for a better flowering it is advisable to guarantee a certain period of time at temperatures not too high, around 10 ° C, for this reason it is preferable to store them in the greenhouse rather than at home , or in a bright, unheated room.
during the vegetative period, from April to October, it is good to supply water in good quantity, however, waiting for the soil to dry between one watering and another, preferring frequent frequent watering, with abundant waterings rarely supplied. In the cold period it is good to suspend almost all the waterings, supplying water about once a month, or even less. In the summer period, add fertilizer for cactuses every 15-20 days to the water used for watering.
a compote for cacti is very good; still prefer light and sandy soils, very well drained, to avoid root rot and the whole plant.
from the ripe fruits the seeds are extracted that are sown fresh in a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts, to be kept moist, in a not very sunny place, until germination has taken place; the seedlings should be repotted the following spring, or even during the winter if growth permits. If desired they can be kept until the following year, to sow them in the spring; remember in this case to add a fungicide to the seeds, to avoid the formation of molds that would make the seeds unusable.
Matucana: Pests and diseases
too abundant watering and very moist soil cause root rot. Be careful with aphids and cochineal.